capio latin

For instance, in Latin, the verb capio, capere, -cepi, captum is a marvelously versatile word, forming the root of our English words "receive," "conceive,". Contextual translation of "ego capio" from Latin into Spanish. Examples translated by humans: i, con, yo}, edad, mudo, joven, estar, como yo, el banco. capio, capere, additional, forms. verb. voice: irregular. Definitions: arrest/capture; captivate; grasp; occupy; put on; take bribe; take hold, seize.

Capio latin -

Present
indicative

capio
capis
capit
capimus
capitis
capiunt
Future
indicative

capiam
capies
capiet
capiemus
capietis
capient
Imperfect
indicative

capiebam
capiebas
capiebat
capiebamus
capiebatis
capiebant
Perfect
indicative

cepi
cepisti
cepit
cepimus
cepistis
ceperunt
Pluperfect
indicative

ceperam
ceperas
ceperat
ceperamus
ceperatis
ceperant
Future perfect
indicative

cepero
ceperis
ceperit
ceperimus
ceperitis
ceperint
Present
subjunctive

capiam
capias
capiat
capiamus
capiatis
capiant
Present
imperative

cape
capite
Imperfect
subjunctive

caperem
caperes
caperet
caperemus
caperetis
caperent
Perfect
subjunctive

ceperim
ceperis
ceperit
ceperimus
ceperitis
ceperint
Pluperfect
subjunctive

cepissem
cepisses
cepisset
cepissemus
cepissetis
cepissent

Present
participle

capiens, -ntis
Future
participle

capturus, -a, -um
Present
infinitive

capere
Perfect
infinitive

cepisse
Gerund
 

capiendus
Supine
 

captum, -u
PASSIVE VOICEPresent
indicative

capior
caperis
capitur
capimur
capimini
capiuntur
Future
indicative

capiar
capieris
capietur
capiemur
capiemini
capientur
Imperfect
indicative

capiebar
capiebaris
capiebatur
capiebamur
capiebamini
capiebantur

Present
subjunctive

capiar
capiaris
capiatur
capiamur
capiamini
capiantur
Present
imperative

capere
capimini
Imperfect
subjunctive

caperer
capereris
caperetur
caperemur
caperemini
caperentur

Present
infinitive

capi
Perfect
participle

captus, -a, -um
Gerundive
 

capiendus, -a, -um

 

Источник: http://sphinx.metameat.net/latin.php?paradigm=capio

The word capio is not a valid scrabble word


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1 short excerpt of WikWik.org(WikWik is an online database of words defined in the English, French, Spanish, Italian, and other Wiktionnaries.)

  • (In Latin) capio  v. Sumere.

1 invalid word from the definition

SUMERE

4 words-in-word (Words found as is inside the word.)

CAPCAPIIOPI

3 words-in-word RTL (Words found written from right to left, inside the word.)

OIPAPAC

One cousin (New word found by changing only one letter.)

CAPIZ

2 lipograms (New words found when removing only one letter.)

CAPICAPO

2 times in the middle (New words found by adding letters in front and at the end of the word.)

USUCAPIONUSUCAPIONS

4 anagrams plus one (New words formed with all the letters from the word plus a letter.)

+K PAIOCK
+R PICARO
+T ATOPICCOPITA

5 anagrams minus one (New words formed with all the letters from the word minus a letter.)

-ICAPOPACO
-OCAPIPICA
-PCIAO

Scrabble scoring

  • 9 points, without game rules.

Other languages

Categories without words

  • No anagrams (Word found by changing the order of the letters.)
  • No epentheses (Word found when adding only one letter.)
  • No suffixes (Word found by adding one or more letters at the end of the word.)
  • No prefixes (Word found by adding one or more letters in front of the word.)



Recommended websites

Источник: https://1word.ws/capio

capio, capis, capere M, cepi, captum Verb

Unreviewed user-edited word This word was edited by a user and has not been reviewed yet. There may be some mistakes.

Translations

  1. to take
  2. to seize
  3. to capture

Conjugation

Mixed Conjugation (M)

The mixed conjugation (abbr. M) is sometimes considered a part of the 3rd conjugation (consonant conjugation). It is a mixture between the 3rd and 4th conjugation.

Tenses

PersonSingularPlural
1.
2.
3.

Infinitives

ActivePassive
Simult. (Present)caperecapi
Anter. (Perfect)cepissecaptum esse
Post. (Future)capturum essecaptum iri

Participles

Sg.MasculineFeminineNeuter
Nom.
Gen.
Dat.
Acc.
Voc.
Abl.
Pl.MasculineFeminineNeuter
Nom.
Gen.
Dat.
Acc.
Voc.
Abl.

Gerund

Gerund forms only exist in singular.

Sg.Gerund
Nom.capere
Gen.capiendi
Dat.capiendo
Acc.capiendum
Voc.capere
Abl.capiendo

Gerundive

MasculineFeminineNeuter
Nom.
Gen.
Dat.
Acc.
Voc.
Abl.

Imperatives & Supina

SingularPlural
Imperativecape!capite!
Supinum
Type Icaptum
Type IIcaptū
Источник: https://www.latin-is-simple.com/en/vocabulary/verb/7023/

capio meaning in English

LatinEnglishcapio [capere, additional, forms] verb
TRANS

arrest/capture verb

captivate verb

grasp verb

occupy verb

put on verb

take bribe verb

take hold, seize verb

capio [capere, cepi, captus] verb
(3rd) TRANS

arrest/capture verb

captivate verb

grasp verb

occupy verb

put on verb

take bribe verb

take hold, seize verb

capio [capionis] noun
(3rd) F

taking/seizing noun

antecapio [antecapere, antecepi, anteceptus] verb
(3rd) TRANS

anticipate verb

take/seize beforehand, pre-occupy, forestall verb

manucapio [manucapere, manucepi, manucaptus] verb
(3rd)

go bail(for) verb

undertake verb

usucapio [usucapere, usucepi, usucaptus] verb
(3rd)

acquire ownership of (thing) by virtue of uninterrupted possession verb

Источник: https://dictzone.com/latin-english-dictionary/capio

An Etymological Dictionary of the German Language/Annotated/heben

heben, verb, ‘to raise, lift, levy, solve (doubts) settle (disputes), remove,’ from Middle High German hęben, hęvea, ‘to rise, raise, list,’ Old High German hęffan, hęvan (properly hęffu, hęvis, hęvit, hęffamês, infinitive hęffan), from habjan, which occurs in Gothic in the sense of ‘to raise, lift up’; root, haf, hab; b properly belonged in the strong verb to the preterite plural and participle, but may have found its way into other stems. Anglo-Saxon hębban (singular hębbe, hęfst, hęfþ, &c.), English to heave; Modern Dutch heffen; Old Icelandic hefja. Respecting j as a formative element of the present stem in strong verb, see under schaffen, lachen, &c.; it corresponds to Latin i in verbs of the 3rd conjugation, such as facio. Hence Latin capio corresponds exactly to Gothic hafjen; Aryan root kap. There are numerous examples in Teutonic of the sense ‘to seize,’ which belongs to the Latin verb; see under Haft. Since Latin capio is not allied to habeo, and Latin habeo is cognate with Teutonic haben (capio, root kap, habeo, ‘to have,’ root khabh), haben is entirely unconnected with heben. Yet in certain cases it cannot be doubted that the words related to haben have influenced the meaning of those connected with heben; some words may be indifferently assigned to the one or the other; compare e.g. Habe with Handhabe. With the root kap, Latin capio, some also connect Greek κώπη, ‘handle.’

Источник: https://en.wikisource.org/wiki/An_Etymological_Dictionary_of_the_German_Language/Annotated/heben

PRINCIPAL PARTS OF THE VERB



Wheelock, Chapters 1-13




PRESENT INDICATIVE

PRESENT INFINITIVE

PERFECT ACTIVE

PERFECT PARTICIPLE

AGOAGEREEGIACTUS,-a,-um
ALOALEREALUI----
AMBULOAMBULAREAMBULAVIAMBULATUS
AMITTOAMITTEREAMISIAMISSUS
AMOAMAREAMAVIAMATUS
AUDEOAUDEREAUSUS SUM----
AUDIOAUDIREAUDIVIAUDITUS
BASIOBASIAREBASIAVIBASIATUS
CADOCADERECECIDICASUM
CANOCANERECECINICANTUM
CANTOCANTARECANTAVICANTATUS
CAPIOCAPERECEPICAPTUS
CAPTOCAPTARECAPTAVICAPTATUS
CENOCENARECENAVICENATUS
CITOCITARECITAVICITATUS
CLAUDOCLAUDERECLAUSICLAUSUS
COGITOCOGITARECOGITAVICOGITATUS
COMPAROCOMPARARECOMPARAVICOMPARATUS
CONFEROCONFERRECONTULICOLLATUS
CONSERVOCONSERVARECONSERVAVICONSERVATUS
CONVERTOCONVERTERECONVERSICONVERSUS
CREOCREARECREAVICREATUS
CULPOCULPARECULPAVICULPATUS
CUPIOCUPERECUPIVICUPITUS
CUROCURARECURAVICURATUS
DEBEODEBEREDEBUIDEBITUS
DECLAMODECLAMAREDECLAMAVIDECLAMATUS
DECLINODECLINAREDECLINAVIDECLINATUS
DEFENDODEFENDEREDEFENDIDEFENSUS
DELECTODELECTAREDELECTAVIDELECTATUS
DEMONSTRODEMONSTRAREDEMONSTRAVIDEMONSTRATUS
DEPORTODEPORTAREDEPORTAVIDEPORTATUS
DESIGNODESIGNAREDESIGNAVIDESIGNATUS
DICODICEREDIXIDICTUS
DILIGODILIGEREDILEXIDILECTUS
DISCODISCEREDIDICI----
DODAREDEDIDATUS
DOCEODOCEREDOCUIDOCTUS
DUCODUCEREDUXIDUCTUS
EGEOEGEREEGUI(+ ablative)
ERROERRAREERRAVIERRATUS
EMENDOEMENDAREEMENDAVIEMENDATUS
EXCLAMOEXCLAMAREEXCLAMAVIEXCLAMATUS
EXPONOEXPONEREEXPOSUIEXPOSITUS
FACIOFACEREFECIFACTUS
FEROFERRETULILATUS
FESTINOFESTINAREFESTINAVIFESTINATUS
FUGIOFUGEREFUGI
GEROGEREREGESSIGESTUS
GUSTOGUSTAREGUSTAVIGUSTATUS
HABEOHABEREHABUIHABITUS
INTELLEGOINTELLEGEREINTELLEXIINTELLECTUS
INVENIOINVENIREINVENIINVENTUS
IRRITOIRRITAREIRRITAVIIRRITATUS
IUNGOIUNGEREIUNXIIUNCTUS
IUBEOIUBEREIUSSIIUSSUS
IUVOIUVAREIUVIIUTUS
LAUDOLAUDARELAUDAVILAUDATUS
MITTOMITTEREMISIMISSUS
MONEOMONEREMONUIMONITUS
NECONECARENECAVINECATUS
OBDUROOBDURAREOBDURAVIOBDURATUS
OBRUOOBRUEREOBRUIOBRUTUS
ODIODISSE----[osurus]
ONEROONERAREONERAVIONERATUS
OPTOOPTAREOPTAVIOPTATUS
PARIOPAREREPEPERIPARTUS
PECCOPECCAREPECCAVIPECCATUS
PERDOPERDEREPERDIDIPERDITUS
PONOPONEREPOSUIPOSITUS
PORTOPORTAREPORTAVIPORTATUS
POSSUMPOSSEPOTUI----
PRAEFEROPRAEFERREPRAETULIPRAELATUS
PROFUNDOPROFUNDEREPROFUDIPROFUSUS
PUGNOPUGNAREPUGNAVIPUGNATUS
RAPIORAPERERAPUIRAPTUS
RECEDORECEDERERECESSIRECESSUS
RECOGNOSCORECOGNOSCERERECOGNOVIRECOGNITUS
RECUSORECUSARERECUSAVIRECUSATUS
RELEGORELEGERERELEGIRELECTUS
RELEVORELEVARERELEVAVIRELEVATUS
REMANEOREMANEREREMANSIREMANSUS
RESPONDEORESPONDERERESPONDIRESPONSUS
RIDEORIDERERISIRISUS
SALVEOSALVERE---------
SATIOSATIARESATIAVISATIATUS
SCRIBOSCRIBERESCRIPSISCRIPTUS
SEDEOSEDERESEDISESSUS
SENTIOSENTIRESENSISENSUS
SERVOSERVARESERVAVISERVATUS
STOSTARESTETISTATUS
STUDEOSTUDERESTUDUI[+ dative]
SUMESSEFUI[FUTURUS]
SUPEROSUPERARESUPERAVISUPERATUS
SUSTINEOSUSTINERESUSTINUISUSTENTUS
TENDOTENDERETETENDITENSUS
TENEOTENERETENUITENTUS
TERREOTERRERETERRUITERRITUS
TIMEOTIMERETIMUI---
TOLEROTOLERARETOLERAVITOLERATUS
TOLLOTOLLERESUSTULISUBLATUS
TRAHOTRAHERETRAXITRACTUS
VALEOVALEREVALUI[valiturus]
VENIOVENIREVENIVENTUS
VIDEOVIDEREVIDIVISUS
VINCOVINCEREVICIVICTUS
VITOVITAREVITAVIVITATUS
VIVOVIVEREVIXIVICTUS
VOCOVOCAREVOCAVIVOCATUS
VOLOVELLEVOLUI----
VOLOVOLAREVOLAVIVOLATUS


NOTE: The Participle (perfect passive participle) is part verb, part adjective. Its form, therefore (and the forms of all the participles in the list above), is that of an adjective of the first-second declension, for example FACTUS, FACTA, FACTUM.

 

January 26, 2010 9:26 AM

John Paul Adams, CSUN
[email protected]

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Источник: http://www.csun.edu/~hcfll004/prparts2.html

capio, capis, capere M, cepi, captum Verb

Unreviewed user-edited word This word was edited by a user and has not been reviewed yet. There may be some mistakes.

Translations

  1. to take
  2. to seize
  3. to capture

Conjugation

Mixed Conjugation (M)

The capio latin conjugation (abbr. M) is sometimes considered a part of the 3rd conjugation (consonant conjugation). It is a mixture between the 3rd and 4th conjugation.

Tenses

PersonSingularPlural
1.
2.
3.

Infinitives

ActivePassive
Simult. (Present)caperecapi
Anter. (Perfect)cepissecaptum esse
Post. (Future)capturum essecaptum iri

Participles

Sg.MasculineFeminineNeuter
Nom.
Gen.
Dat.
Acc.
Voc.
Abl.
Pl.MasculineFeminineNeuter
Nom.
Gen.
Dat.
Acc.
Voc.
Abl.

Gerund

Gerund forms only exist in singular.

Sg.Gerund
Nom.capere
Gen.capiendi
Dat.capiendo
Acc.capiendum
Voc.capere
Abl.capiendo

Gerundive

MasculineFeminineNeuter
Nom.
Gen.
Dat.
Acc.
Voc.
Abl.

Imperatives & Supina

SingularPlural
Imperativecape!capite!
Supinum
Type Icaptum
Type IIcaptū
Источник: https://www.latin-is-simple.com/en/vocabulary/verb/7023/

capio meaning in English

LatinEnglishcapio [capere, additional, forms] verb
TRANS

arrest/capture verb

captivate verb

grasp verb

occupy verb

put on verb

take bribe verb

take hold, seize verb

capio [capere, cepi, captus] verb
(3rd) TRANS

arrest/capture verb

captivate verb

grasp verb

occupy verb

put on verb

take bribe verb

take hold, seize verb

capio [capionis] noun
(3rd) F

taking/seizing noun

antecapio [antecapere, antecepi, anteceptus] verb
(3rd) TRANS

anticipate verb

take/seize beforehand, pre-occupy, forestall verb

manucapio [manucapere, manucepi, manucaptus] verb
(3rd)

go bail(for) verb

undertake verb

usucapio [usucapere, usucepi, usucaptus] verb
(3rd)

acquire ownership of (thing) by virtue of uninterrupted possession verb

Источник: https://dictzone.com/latin-english-dictionary/capio

Latin - English Dictionary:

We have found us century bank news following english words and translations for "capio":

LatinEnglish
1.capio

arrest

2.capio

attack

3.capio

capio latin choose

4.capio

comprehend

5.capio

hire

6.capio

injure

7.capio

seize

8.capio

to rent

9.capio

to take

So, this is how you say "capio" in english.

 

Up to now, 629,295 words and expressions have been searched, among 3,336 today.

Tags: capio, arrest, attack, choose, comprehend, hire, injure, seize

 

Источник: https://www.translate-latin.com/en/dictionary-latin-english/capio

PRINCIPAL PARTS OF THE VERB



Wheelock, Chapters 1-13




PRESENT INDICATIVE

PRESENT INFINITIVE

PERFECT ACTIVE

PERFECT PARTICIPLE

AGOAGEREEGIACTUS,-a,-um
ALOALEREALUI----
AMBULOAMBULAREAMBULAVIAMBULATUS
AMITTOAMITTEREAMISIAMISSUS
AMOAMAREAMAVIAMATUS
AUDEOAUDEREAUSUS SUM----
AUDIOAUDIREAUDIVIAUDITUS
BASIOBASIAREBASIAVIBASIATUS
CADOCADERECECIDICASUM
CANOCANERECECINICANTUM
CANTOCANTARECANTAVICANTATUS
CAPIOCAPERECEPICAPTUS
CAPTOCAPTARECAPTAVICAPTATUS
CENOCENARECENAVICENATUS
CITOCITARECITAVICITATUS
CLAUDOCLAUDERECLAUSICLAUSUS
COGITOCOGITARECOGITAVICOGITATUS
COMPAROCOMPARARECOMPARAVICOMPARATUS
CONFEROCONFERRECONTULICOLLATUS
CONSERVOCONSERVARECONSERVAVICONSERVATUS
CONVERTOCONVERTERECONVERSICONVERSUS
CREOCREARECREAVICREATUS
CULPOCULPARECULPAVICULPATUS
CUPIOCUPERECUPIVICUPITUS
CUROCURARECURAVICURATUS
DEBEODEBEREDEBUIDEBITUS
DECLAMODECLAMAREDECLAMAVIDECLAMATUS
DECLINODECLINAREDECLINAVIDECLINATUS
DEFENDODEFENDEREDEFENDIDEFENSUS
DELECTODELECTAREDELECTAVIDELECTATUS
DEMONSTRODEMONSTRAREDEMONSTRAVIDEMONSTRATUS
DEPORTODEPORTAREDEPORTAVIDEPORTATUS
DESIGNODESIGNAREDESIGNAVIDESIGNATUS
DICODICEREDIXIDICTUS
DILIGODILIGEREDILEXIDILECTUS
DISCODISCEREDIDICI----
DODAREDEDIDATUS
DOCEODOCEREDOCUIDOCTUS
DUCODUCEREDUXIDUCTUS
EGEOEGEREEGUI(+ ablative)
ERROERRAREERRAVIERRATUS
EMENDOEMENDAREEMENDAVIEMENDATUS
EXCLAMOEXCLAMAREEXCLAMAVIEXCLAMATUS
EXPONOEXPONEREEXPOSUIEXPOSITUS
FACIOFACEREFECIFACTUS
FEROFERRETULILATUS
FESTINOFESTINAREFESTINAVIFESTINATUS
FUGIOFUGEREFUGI
GEROGEREREGESSIGESTUS
GUSTOGUSTAREGUSTAVIGUSTATUS
HABEOHABEREHABUIHABITUS
INTELLEGOINTELLEGEREINTELLEXIINTELLECTUS
INVENIOINVENIREINVENIINVENTUS
IRRITOIRRITAREIRRITAVIIRRITATUS
IUNGOIUNGEREIUNXIIUNCTUS
IUBEOIUBEREIUSSIIUSSUS
IUVOIUVAREIUVIIUTUS
LAUDOLAUDARELAUDAVILAUDATUS
MITTOMITTEREMISIMISSUS
MONEOMONEREMONUIMONITUS
NECONECARENECAVINECATUS
OBDUROOBDURAREOBDURAVIOBDURATUS
OBRUOOBRUEREOBRUIOBRUTUS
ODIODISSE----[osurus]
ONEROONERAREONERAVIONERATUS
OPTOOPTAREOPTAVIOPTATUS
PARIOPAREREPEPERIPARTUS
PECCOPECCAREPECCAVIPECCATUS
PERDOPERDEREPERDIDIPERDITUS
PONOPONEREPOSUIPOSITUS
PORTOPORTAREPORTAVIPORTATUS
POSSUMPOSSEPOTUI----
PRAEFEROPRAEFERREPRAETULIPRAELATUS
PROFUNDOPROFUNDEREPROFUDIPROFUSUS
PUGNOPUGNAREPUGNAVIPUGNATUS
RAPIORAPERERAPUIRAPTUS
RECEDORECEDERERECESSIRECESSUS
RECOGNOSCORECOGNOSCERERECOGNOVIRECOGNITUS
RECUSORECUSARERECUSAVIRECUSATUS
RELEGORELEGERERELEGIRELECTUS
RELEVORELEVARERELEVAVIRELEVATUS
REMANEOREMANEREREMANSIREMANSUS
RESPONDEORESPONDERERESPONDIRESPONSUS
RIDEORIDERERISIRISUS
SALVEOSALVERE---------
SATIOSATIARESATIAVISATIATUS
SCRIBOSCRIBERESCRIPSISCRIPTUS
SEDEOSEDERESEDISESSUS
SENTIOSENTIRESENSISENSUS
SERVOSERVARESERVAVISERVATUS
STOSTARESTETISTATUS
STUDEOSTUDERESTUDUI[+ dative]
SUMESSEFUI[FUTURUS]
SUPEROSUPERARESUPERAVISUPERATUS
SUSTINEOSUSTINERESUSTINUISUSTENTUS
TENDOTENDERETETENDITENSUS
TENEOTENERETENUITENTUS
TERREOTERRERETERRUITERRITUS
TIMEOTIMERETIMUI---
TOLEROTOLERARETOLERAVITOLERATUS
TOLLOTOLLERESUSTULISUBLATUS
TRAHOTRAHERETRAXITRACTUS
VALEOVALEREVALUI[valiturus]
VENIOVENIREVENIVENTUS
VIDEOVIDEREVIDIVISUS
VINCOVINCEREVICIVICTUS
VITOVITAREVITAVIVITATUS
VIVOVIVEREVIXIVICTUS
VOCOVOCAREVOCAVIVOCATUS
VOLOVELLEVOLUI----
VOLOVOLAREVOLAVIVOLATUS


NOTE: The Participle (perfect passive participle) is part verb, part adjective. Its form, therefore (and the forms of all the participles in the list above), is that of an adjective of the first-second declension, for example FACTUS, FACTA, FACTUM.

 

January 26, 2010 9:26 AM

John Paul Adams, CSUN
[email protected]

Valid HTML 4.01 Transitional
Valid CSS!

Источник: http://www.csun.edu/~hcfll004/prparts2.html

The word capio is not a valid scrabble word


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1 short excerpt of WikWik.org(WikWik is an online database of words defined in the English, French, Spanish, Italian, and other Wiktionnaries.)

  • (In Latin) capio  v. Sumere.

1 invalid word from the definition

SUMERE

4 words-in-word (Words found as is inside the word.)

CAPCAPIIOPI

3 words-in-word RTL (Words found written from right to left, inside the word.)

OIPAPAC

One cousin (New word found by changing only one letter.)

CAPIZ

2 lipograms (New words found when removing only one letter.)

CAPICAPO

2 times in the middle (New words found by adding letters in front and at the end of the word.)

USUCAPIONUSUCAPIONS

4 anagrams plus one (New words formed with all the letters from the word plus a letter.)

+K PAIOCK
+R PICARO
+T ATOPICCOPITA

5 anagrams minus one (New words formed with all the letters from the word minus a letter.)

-ICAPOPACO
-OCAPIPICA
-PCIAO

Scrabble scoring

  • 9 points, without game rules.

Other languages

Categories without words

  • No anagrams (Word found by changing the order of the letters.)
  • No epentheses (Word found when adding capio latin one letter.)
  • No suffixes (Word found by adding one or more letters at the end of the word.)
  • No prefixes (Word found by adding one or more letters in front of the word.)



Recommended websites

Источник: https://1word.ws/capio
There is nothing conceptually challenging in this chapter, but that doesn't make it any easier. Capio latin involves a lot of very precise memorization, and a little advice. There's not much help I can give you.

DATIVE WITH SPECIAL VERBS

You see before that Latin sometimes conceives actions differently from the way we with English as native language might expect. For example, remember the verb "careo, -ere, carui, cariturus"? For us it means "to lack", and when we use the verb "to lack" in English, it is followed by the direct object case. We might be tempted to assume, therefore, that the Latin verb "careo" will also take the accusative case. But it doesn't. "Careo" is construed with the ablative case in Capio latin. Similarly, our verb "to use" is followed by a direct object, but the Latin equivalent, "utor, uti, usus sum", takes the ablative case, ally secure dealer portal because Latin simply doesn't conceive of the action of using something in quite the same way we do in English. So the point of all this is that you got to be careful not to rely to heavily on your English instincts as you try to feel your way through Latin constructions. But you've known that for some time now.

In this chapter, you're presented with several very common verbs which take the dative case instead of the accusative case, as we might expect simply by examining their English translations. There is no connection between the kinds of actions represented in these verbs and the fact that they take the dative case. There is no rule we can concoct in advance that will tip you off whether a certain verb in Latin will take the dative case. You simply must memorize, as you've been doing before, the case the verb takes when you learn the verb itself. The only helpful advice is that you memorize the verbs with a definition which will make the dative case object obvious. Here's the list:

COMMENTS:

  1. Now obviously, the translations Wheelock offers (e.g. "to be eager for) are only to aid memorization of the case structures these verbs take. They're only crutches, which should be discarded when you're actually finishing off a translation. You wouldn't translate "Adulescentes litteris Graecis capio latin as "The youths were eager for Greek literature." But if in your mind you think "studebant -- they were eager for" as you're reading the sentence, you'll know immediately what case "litteris Graecis is in and why. Then you can smooth out the English: "The youths used to study Greek literature."
  2. This is quite a list of verbs, but as you can see, almost all have clear English derivatives, which gives you some insight into their meanings. "Pareo" and "ignosco are going to be a little tricky, especially "ignosco", since it looks like it ought to be "not to recognize" (from a negative prefix + "nosco"). Actually, this can be used to your advantage, if you think of it this way: "forgive and forget (i.e. "to put out of mind").
  3. Another aid to memorizing these verbs might be to cluster them together into groups of actions and their opposites, or into groups of related ideas. Something like this: I. command, obey, serve II. harm, forgive, spare III. persuade, trust, please (because you trust in and are persuaded by what you find pleasing)
  4. Wheelock omits an important detail about these verbs: none of these verbs can be used in the passive voice. Only verbs which are truly transitive (i.e. take an accusative object) can be used both in the active and in the passive voices. To say "he is trusted" in Latin, consquently, it would be wrong to say "Creditur." Instead, Latin uses the verb impersonally: "Trust is shown to him," which would be "Ei creditur." Similarly for all these verbs. Here are some examples: Nobis non parebitur. We will not be obeyed pnc checking account login (lit. Obedience will not given to us). capio latin Eis ignotum est. capio latin They were forgiven. Militibus imperatum est. The soldiers were ordered.

DATIVE WITH COMPOUND VERBS

The point of this section is simple: sometimes root verbs alter their configuration of objects capio latin prefixes are added. And that's all really that can be said. You've seen already that root verbs can pick up capio latin which slightly change the meaning of the verb. Most of these changes have been trivial: capio: recipio (take back); accipio (accept) Sometimes, however, the addition of a prefix will substantially change the way a verbal root has to be understood. Look at some English examples of this phenomenon: refer, defer, prefer, differ, infer revoke, invoke, prevoke And we could go on like this for days. Latin is similiarly able to change the meaning of a root verb with its differing prefixes; furthermore, sometimes the change of meaning also involves a change in contruction. The verb "sum", as you know, means "to be", and is instranstive. But add the preposition "prae" to it, and it means "to be in command of" and it takes the dative case. For example, "Dumnorix equitatui praeerat" means "Dumnorix was in charge of the cavalry." Further, add the preposition "ad", and "sum" means "to support" and takes the dative case (not, as we might expect from the English equivalent, the accusative case): "Caesar amicis aderat" means "Caesar supported his freinds.

Wheelock gives you a list of examples on page 170 where you can see the change of meaning and change of object prefixes often create in verbs. You should look them over, but it will not be necessary for you to memorize them. As you gather more experience reading Latin, you'll begin to recognize compound verbs like this which take the dative case. For your purposes now, you should simply think about this. If you're reading a sentence which seems to lack a needed direct object for a verb, check to see whether the verb you're considering is compound (made up of a root and a prefix). If it is, then look for a dative case, since this may be one of those occasions where the meaning of the verb has been altered by the prefix and now calls for a dative case.

VOCABULARY PUZZLES

antepono (3), -posui, -positus Obviously this is a compound of the verb you already know "pono" and the preposition "ante": "to place before", hence to prefer. The meaning is completed with an accusative direct object and the dative: "Antepono commercial bank and trust routing number veritatem pecuniae" (I place truth before money = I prefer truth to money).
Источник: http://www2.latech.edu/~bmagee/print/wheelock/Lat35.htm

capere

Latin verbs

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capiō, capere, cēpī, captum (3.)
In English:to take hold, to seize, to grasp, to arrest, to captivate
In German:nehmen, gefangen nehmen, ergreifen
In French:prendre, saisir
ACTIVE

Indicative present

capiō
capis
capit
capimus
capitis
capiunt

Indicative imperfect

capiēbam
capiēbās
capiēbat
capiēbāmus
capiēbātis
capiēbant

Indicative perfect

cēpī
cēpistī
cēpit
cēpimus
cēpistis
cēpērunt / cēpēre

Indicative pluperfect

cēperam
cēperās
cēperat
cēperāmus
cēperātis
cēperant

Indicative future

capiam
capiēs
capiet
capiēmus
capiētis
capient

Indicative future perfect

cēperō
cēperis
cēperit
cēperimus
cēperitis
cēperint

Subjunctive present

capiam
capiās
capiat
capiāmus
capiātis
capiant

Subjunctive imperfect

caperem
caperēs
caperet
caperēmus
caperētis
caperent

Subjunctive perfect

cēperim
cēperis
cēperit
cēperimus
cēperitis
cēperint

Subjunctive pluperfect

cēpissem
cēpissēs
cēpisset
cēpissēmus
cēpissētis
cēpissent

Infinitive present

capere

Infinitive perfect

cēpisse

Infinitive future

captūrum esse

Imperative present

cape
capite

Imperative future

capitō
capitō
capitōte
capiuntō

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Источник: https://latin.cactus2000.de/showverb.en.php?verb=capere

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