they call me juan they call me jose

Answer: 2 question ➜ They call me juan they call me jose they call me sambalajwdchesiluacl joseee - the answers to They call me Juan, they call me Jose, they call me justinbieberpapasitomashotebuenote. Kenya. 366366 · 6 Comments2 Shares. Share. The fable, as Arévalo called his book, echoed a strong anti-imperialist They went to church with their heads held high and they founded colleges so that.
they call me juan they call me jose

Jose Mourinho: Call me 'The Calm One' now, with more control of my emotions

Mar 20, 2017
  • ESPN staff

Manchester United boss Jose Mourinho has told France Football that a new-found maturity and control of his emotions has made him a better manager, and he no longer obsesses over results as he did earlier in his career.

Mourinho has been in trouble with the Football Association on several occasions already this season, following incidents that took place in games against West Ham, Liverpool and Burnley.

Long nicknamed "The Special One," Mourinho, when asked what he has become since taking over United, replied: "I would say, 'The Calm One.'

"Everyone expected me to be a problem. But the only problem I've had up till now is when I kicked a bottle of water in front of me [against West Ham in reaction to Pogba being booked]. I was sent to the stand chase bank account number without check had to pay a fine for that.

"That's my problem: when I'm a little bit frustrated, I kick bottles. But it's my only outburst since my arrival eight months ago. So, I have become 'The Calm One.' Having said that, perhaps tomorrow I'll get sent off."

The United boss also said he remains as ambitious as ever in his pursuit of success, but he is now able "transmit" calm to his squad.

"Mourinho the man tries to be the opposite of mechanics cooperative bank mobile banking the manager is," he said. "He tries to be discreet, calm. Find a way to disconnect.

"I can go home and not watch a football game, not think about football. I can do it. At the beginning of my career, I could not. I was constantly connected, 24 hours a day. I had to find a form of maturity.

"Today, I feel good with my personality as a man. I have matured, I am more peaceful. A victory no longer represents the moon, and a defeat hell.

"I believe that I am able to transmit this serenity to those who work with me, to my players. I have the same ambitions as before. The same involvement, the same professionalism, but I'm more in control of my emotions."

Mourinho does not believe he will be able to return United to the dominant success they enjoyed under Sir Alex Ferguson -- when they won 13 Premier League titles in 21 seasons -- saying that there are too many competitive teams for one club to have sustained success like in other countries.

"In England, clubs are so economically powerful that the market is open to all," he added. "Take the example of Bayern in Germany. You know how they win the title every year? The summer before, they buy the best player of Borussia Dortmund. [Mario] Gotze, then [Robert] Lewandowski the following year, then [Mats] Hummels last year.

"Me, I arrive at a club that has a great and prestigious history, but which can no longer do what it has been doing in the same way.

"No club in England, be it Manchester United, Liverpool, Manchester City, can now dominate permanently. Power has been divided. Everything is more difficult: buying, winning, building."

Still, Mourinho says his success as a manager at Manchester United will depend on his ability to adapt to new situations.

"You have to adapt to the reality of the club, its needs, its demands. That's called 'being intelligent,'" he said. "The priority is to establish peaceful and loving relationships in a squad, to create stability.

"Manchester United doesn't have great personalities like [Ryan] Giggs, [Paul] Scholes or Roy Keane any more. There's still [Wayne] Rooney and [Michael] Carrick, the last faces of that generation, and a new group of players who have to adapt.

"That's why it was important for me to bring in Zlatan [Ibrahimovic]. In this team, he had -- without being English, without knowing the culture of the club -- the personality and the profile to be more than just a player."

© ESPN Enterprises, Inc. All rights reserved.

If you happen to be in the Santurce neighborhood of San Juan, Puerto Rico, around 4 in the afternoon, stop by Jose Enrique's restaurant. If you time it just right, there won't be a line out the door, and the white board that serves as a menu won't have eraser streaks that signal the kitchen's run out of its best dishes.

Unmarked, bright pink, and smaller than a gas station lobby off a Midwest turnpike, his restaurant is that popular—but not at the expense of keeping that Puerto Rican spirit alive. People ask Enrique, "Wait, I can just sit down and be here for three hours talking shit and listening to music?" And he responds, "Yeah, you can! It's cool!"

Enrique champions locally grown food. On a good day, his menu is made of 75 percent local produce and meat, "which is like the day you cry—holy shit, my menu's almost all local—you're bawling," he says.

But the last half year has been as, Enrique says over and over, "tough."

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Tough is an understatement. First, there was Hurricane Irma, which brushed the island and left people without power and reliant on whatever food they'd stored. Then came Maria, a Category 5 storm that decimated Puerto Rico—buildings are still covered in tarps and communities are still without electricity and water almost eight months later. Maria took the roof and windows from Enrique's restaurant. But he had gas to run a generator and power the kitchen. He made huge batches of hearty sancocho, a local soup with roots, tubers, and meat. He had pineapples, so he made pineapple and sesame seed salsa served over cod fritters.

"I called all my friends and family like, 'Dude, stop by, I've got food. You can eat and take some home,'" he says. He invited the community in. Two days later, celebrity chef José Andrés of World Central Kitchen called and announced he was coming down. He set up shop at Enrique's and started marshaling chefs and volunteers to feed Puerto Rico.

"The next day it was like, oh shit, we just did 3,000 meals. The next day we did 7,ooo—all right—and then we did 14,000, and I'm like, what's going on here? It just kept growing," Enrique says.

The operation grew to 20,000 meals a day, Enrique says; it outgrew the space in a week. Andrés moved out to a space better equipped to hold his team. Enrique got ready to reopen as a restaurant to get his and his employees' lives back on track. Then, an hour before he opened his doors, the generator blew, and a 50-day stretch of powerlessness began.

Over daiquiris and Don Q Gold rum at his restaurant, seven months after the storm, Enrique told me about reopening the restaurant, serving local food, and why now's the time to visit Puerto Rico.

Being closed for 50 days was enough to make him crazy.

You try and just do whatever you can as far as helping the community. If I'm a knee surgeon, maybe there's just a couple knees. But right now, there's people who really need food. It falls on me—I'm a cook, so I can help out. I account number and pin for straight talk always trying to keep doing sancochos here, and trying to give out food to the community, but it was a tough 50 days. [When we opened] we pretty much just got drunk that whole day.

He thinks the government has done a "great job."

We gotta remember, there's still people without power. There's still parts without. It's heavy. On that side, I'm like, is the government working crazy? We're in the Caribbean, we're built for this. We might not be built to stand up to a blizzard, but we kinda know what a hurricane feels like, so we're ready for it. But when you have a hurricane category five running right through you, it's a big, big deal. Honestly, I think the government's done a great job. I understand the people working here to make this better, they've done what they can in their power.

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The percentage of local food on his menu plummeted after the storm.

After the hurricane obviously it went down to almost 0 percent. Right now, most of the fish is local, a lot of those salads are local. So I'm saying I'm at 25 percent, which is good.

He chooses his menu on the go every morning.

My fishermen usually call me. They're like, "Hey, I just got in and I got 40 pounds of red snapper and I've got 20 pounds of lobster." And I'm like, "I'll take that, I'll take that, I'll take that." And then from there, we'll walk over to the market and check out what's there. If you see a batch of fresh guavas, you're like, okay, let me get the whole batch of guavas, and I'm doing a guava sauce. Obviously a lot has to do with the weather. If it's cold out, I'm braising things, doing more stews, doing more ragus. If it's sunny, then I'm doing things that are more room-temp, more salad-like, a lot more acid. It just turned gray, so I want a soup. I might atlantic county homes for sale a hangover, that comes into play: Oh god, I have a hangover, I need fattier things today.

The best thing on his menu is whatever's freshest.

It's fairly simple. Get the product, try not to mess it up. I could have somebody run in right now with sardines, and I'll put it straight on the menus. That's my appetizer right now. The hottest thing on the menu is what just walked in the door. Put six sardines on the grill, put salt on them, put them on a plate, but some lemon juice and olive oil, goodbye. And honestly, it's going to be the best thing on the menu. You cannot get better product. If this guy was riding on the water, grabbed those sardines, put them on ice, brought them over, gave them to me, what's going to beat that?

Tourists are coming back to Puerto Rico.

They've been coming back. It's been great. And you know what? They're getting us. We're lively. We're here, we go through things, and it's just part of life. We're just going to try to get some fresh soursop juice, pour it over our reconstruye con los pedazos amazon rum, and listen to some music. That's what we do.

"We're here, we go through things, and it's just part of life."

He knows the best places to visit in Puerto Rico.

You have to do Old San Juan—the architecture is beautiful. You have to do Santurce, the market. It's fun and it's alive. You have so much art and so much music and so much food going around. I would say you have to go to El Yunque, and you have to drive to get to El Yunque from San Juan. You have to go through Loíza, Piñones, do that whole area where you have a lot of little stands of people making fried food. You stop there and you can grab a little snack on your way to pass through Rio Grande, which is beautiful, and El Yunque is right there. If you want to grab a little bit of surf, you can go to Rincon. Vieques is beautiful, Culebra is beautiful—the south of Puerto Rico is really nice.

The local food scene in Puerto Rico is "absurd."

It's absurd. Every month you have a new restaurant opening up, a new chef opening up, and the tarrant county health department food handlers is just getting good and good and good.

We're doing more local food. I think at a point in time you'd see a lot of Italian, or you'd see people doing French. There's a lot more love as far as just taking our local food and putting it out there. Whether Alfredo Alaya started it or even before, it's grown to where: Come in our restaurant, it's nice, and we're doing local food. I love cooking Puerto Rican food. I feel like if I go to France, I want to eat French, and if I go to China, I want Chinese, and if I go to Puerto Rico I want to eat Puerto Rican.

Sarah RenseSarah Rense is the Lifestyle Editor at Esquire, where she covers tech, food, drinks, home, and more. 

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Almería: From Guti to José María Gutiérrez

"Don't call me Guti, call me José María Gutiérrez," the former Real Madrid star demanded at his unveiling as Almería coach. I can see where he was coming from. As Guti the footballer, he had earned the reputation of being gifted but inconsistent, a tag that doesn't really go with the job he now has. A great player, capable of flashes of brilliance such as a backheel at Riazor that remains etched in the memory, he maybe should have been a bullfighter, a profession in which individual moments of magic are remembered better by the watching public than performances over the piece. But a footballer he was, coming through at Madrid at about the same time as Raúl, and by uk phone country code from usa time we'd grown weary of seeing the latter pile up the goals, the former was still a talent of unfulfilled promise.

It's probably better his players don't see him as Guti

He was most certainly still Guti when he came out with his famous line, "If I don't go out at night now, when am I going to?" He now finds himself at the helm of a group of players from whom he must demand discipline and hard work, so you can see why it might be better for them to see him as coach Gutiérrez and not as Guti. And he's doing well, despite the initial doubts about him. After all, Almería weren't doing at all badly when he arrived: under his predecessor, the Portuguese Pedro Emanuel, they had got themselves into the play-off places. The suspicion was that Turki Al-Sheikh, the Saudi sheikh who owns the Segunda División club, was blinded by a desire to make a media splash, and the new coach came in for no shortage of criticism in his opening weeks in charge. But he has silenced the doubters.

His decision to play out from the back (he even dropped his anchorman into central defence) was criticised for being too dangerous, but is now starting to be accepted. He has also got people on side by getting the forward partnership of Juan Muñoz and Darwin Núñez delivering the goods. Almería now sit second, in an automatic promotion spot, and are within range of leaders Cádiz, too. It's only been two months, but, having shown a willingness to take risks and been vindicated in doing so, José María Gutiérrez is proving he's got what it takes to be a fine coach. Curiously, he is blossoming just as Raúl, a performer of such consistency in his playing days, is unexpectedly faltering in the Castilla dugout. Life's funny that way.


Relatos de Juan José by Ariel Camacho Y Los Plebes Del Rancho (english translation)

They call me a pioneer of the old story
and I come from the ranchito de Huixiopa,
heading to Sinaloa, Chihuahua and Durango,
I know the golden triangle very well,
knows Almoloya and Reclusorio Sur,
I walked in the shade and reached the light,
I dress in blue from head to toe,
They tell me Don Juan and my name is Juan José.

The Tsar of the Mafia has named me,
the dean of the Mexican capos,
the pain kills me but I'm still alive,
it hurts a lot that my children are not,
my son Juan Ignacio and my son Rosalio
they went to the call that the Lord made them,
I miss them a lot but I will be strong,
I will keep them in my heart forever.

I was raised in the crime business
but actually I am not of violence,
I have survived all wars
trying to respect the rules,
I raised an empire without using weapons,
I identify more with my words,
with the right problems are fixed
and with the right eh pacts truces.

I remember the times of those friends,
the boss chief, Amado Carillo,
my compadre Luis, Commander Fuentes
and also his brother the great Chico Fuentes,
of the great chiefs, those great old men,
like Güero Palma and Mr. Don Neto,
Inés Calderón and the company Balta Díaz
also Rafa Caro and Emilio Quintero.


I would like to tell you everything about my life,
My legend is long, it would never end,
I've seen posters crumble,
I've seen a lot of people grow up,
here the errors are irrevocable
and who betrays me already is point and apart,
as he saw compadre he did not touch me,
He has my forgiveness I really esteemed him.

My compadre Mayo, a true friend,
I also have my friend Chapito
and your king of kings let's go pa ?? in front,
thanks Matamoros, one day you saved me,
the capos of capos, the bosses of bosses,
we are the ones who are and will be forever,
I greet the one who is and I remember the one who left
among them my friend Nacho Coronel.

In an educated way and appropriate phrases
I have managed to strengthen my race,
about me experience within the reign
I know very well the whole world of drug trafficking,
I am the mediator of the big posters,
I am the wild card among a kings poker,
They call me Blue because of my skin tone
pa ?? I'm Don Juan and pa ?? others I am Juan José.


Only among all we can make this a better place :)

The Son of Don Juan

The Project Gutenberg EBook of The son of Don Juan, by José Echegaray This eBook is for the use of anyone anywhere at no cost and with almost no restrictions whatsoever. You may copy it, give it away or re-use it under the terms of the Project Gutenberg License included with this eBook or online at Title: The son of Don Juan an original drama in 3 acts inspired by the reading of Ibsen's work entitled 'Gengangere' Author: José Echegaray Translator: James Graham Release Date: December 4, 2017 [EBook #56126] Language: English Character set encoding: UTF-8 *** START OF THIS PROJECT GUTENBERG EBOOK THE SON OF DON JUAN *** Produced by Chuck Greif, ellinora, Bryan Ness and the Online Distributed Proofreading Team at (This file was produced from images generously made available by The Internet Archive/American Libraries.)

The Son of Don Juan



  • The Lady from the Sea.
  • A London Plane Tree, and other Poems.
  • Iphigenia in Delphi.
  • Mireio.
  • Lyrics.
  • A Minor Poet.
  • Concerning Cats.
  • A Chaplet from the Greek Anthology.
  • The Countess Kathleen.
  • The Love Songs of Robert Burns.
  • Love Songs of Ireland.
  • Retrospect, and other Poems.
  • Brand.
  • Mariana. By José Echegaray.
  • [In Preparation.



José Echegaray, portrait




Translated by James Graham


T. Fisher Unwin Paternoster Sq.
London E.C.     MDCCCXCV.  



José Echegaray: a Sketch.


The author of the plays here done into English was born in Madrid on the Thursday in Holy Week of sixty-three years ago. In spite of a fair indication to go by, his friends are responsible for the curious assertion that he himself does not know, or has not taken the trouble to verify, the exact date of his birth. A reference to familiar sources of chronology enables us to make a respectful claim to better information on the point than the person most concerned. So the day of Señor Echegaray’s birth maybe fixed precisely as the 19th of April, 1832.

The first three years of the dramatist’s life were passed in the capital of Spain. In 1835 he was removed from Madrid by his father, who had just obtained the appointment of Professor of Greek at the Institute of Murcia. It was in Murcia that José received the rudiments of his education; and while still a child he entered the institute. Here he studied Latin under Professor Soriano, Natural History under Angel Girao, and Greek under his own father. The boy was early seen to be gifted with brain-power of the first order. And being of a docile and amiable nature, of active and laborious habits, having the{6} advantage of excellent tutors, and being under the supervision of a kind and cultured father, it is hardly to be wondered at that his progress in learning was great and rapid. From the first he displayed that passion for mathematics which has never grown cool in him throughout life. His interest in literature itself was far from absorbing. He showed, indeed, some liking for novels and romantic dramas. For tragic writers of the stamp of Corneille and Racine he could not conceal his disrelish, though the fairness of his mind would never permit him to ignore or deny the many beauties of the classic drama. When he was fifteen years old he became Bachelor of Philosophic Science, and proceeded to Madrid in the month of October, 1847, to prepare for entrance into the Escuela de Caminos. In this great school the mathematical professor was Angel Riguelme, under whose able tuition young Echegaray devoted himself with increased ardour to his favourite study. His affection for literature, it is true, had been gradually strengthening. In the midst of his graver studies he had also frequented the theatres. But he never failed to return with an almost frenzied delight to the branch of knowledge which afforded such food to his voracious intellect. To use his own language, he “studied the higher mathematics ferociously, ravenously.” It has been maintained that in all the records of Spanish scientific history no one has ever been known to devote more eager and profound study to mathematics than José Echegaray. His whole spirit seemed to be inextricably identified with the subject, to be indissolubly enchained to it. Mathematics became for him the most absolute of necessities, the supreme of joys. The following is an experience related by a fellow student of Echegaray when both{7} were at the Escuela de Caminos. “Every Saturday our professor of mathematics was fond of setting us problems of the most difficult kind, the solutions of which we were expected to hand in on the Monday. On a certain occasion the problem given out to us was of such an excruciatingly intricate nature that the huge majority of the class had to give up all hope of mastering it. I was among the unsuccessful ones. I had seen Saturday, Sunday, pass over without bringing me nearer to a glimpse of light. On the Monday morning I was all at once inspired with the idea of going to Echegaray to obtain some hint on a question which could not have failed 160 c to f baking occupy his attention at least as much as mine. It was an hour before the time appointed for the opening of the Escuela and the delivering up of the answers. I set out for Echegaray’s lodging. I found my friend in his room. The curtains were drawn and the shutters were fastened over the windows. On the chimney-piece was an expiring lamp. On the edge of the bed—the clothes of which were tossed about in much disorder—sat Echegaray in his nightshirt. His head was bent, and he was in an attitude of deep thought. The noise which I made on entrance was as unsuccessful as my friendly greeting in withdrawing him from his abstraction. He confined himself to raising his hand with a gentle but expressive motion, and to saying ‘Hush!’ Suddenly he bounded up, undressed as he was, and, to my stupefaction, exclaiming, ‘Here it is!’ hurried across to a small board close at hand. He commenced to draw lines upon lines and circles upon circles, and dash down figures here and there, till at length he said, ‘The whole night have I been thinking of that problem, and—look there!’ And he drew back to show me the{8} signs all fairly traced, the operation completed, the problem solved. This rehearsed performance he repeated in school that morning. He alone did it, to the admiration and almost to the alarm of the professor himself, who, I think, had really given out the problem without much serious thought of any one even attempting a solution.”

Echegaray had entered the Escuela de Caminos in 1848. He finished his course of study in 1853, carrying off with him the highest honours that the institution could bestow, and being placed far and away the first of all his contemporaries. Meanwhile the literary and dramatic instinct lay almost entirely asleep in him. It sprang up they call me juan they call me jose now and then in a curiosity to assist at the initiatory performances of pieces by first-rate, second-rate, and even third-rate authors. Echegaray was always held up as an exemplary pupil; he fulfilled his duties at school with almost exaggerated obedience and scrupulousness; and yet once—only once—he ran out of the Escuela de Caminos without permission that he might not be too late to buy tickets for the first night of Ayala’s drama, “El Hombre de Estado.” On leaving the Escuela, then, in 1853, Echegaray had already seen many dramas, and had read a vast number of French, English, Italian, and Portuguese novels, ancient and modern, of all kinds. But he had not himself essayed anything in literature. He had not written a verse. The making of verses appeared to him a thing quite foreign to his nature. In this the enemies of Echegaray are affable enough, for once, to agree with him; and they remain constant to their belief when he has long since had ample reason for changing his mind. The mathematical rigidity and angularity of much of his poetry, say these enemies, is not compensated for{9} even by the daring originality of his conceptions, his nobility of sentiment, the richness of his imagery, the splendour of his language; they deny to him, for instance, the exquisite ease and melody of Espronceda, the bird-like spontaneity and perhaps fatal fluency of José Zorilla. In short, during these days of his dawning manhood, Echegaray had never dreamed of being a poet, still less a dramatic genius.

The requirements of his profession as tutor of mathematics, to which he now formally addressed himself, took him to various important cities—Granada, Almeria, Palencia—thus keeping him away for years from the capital, where he was destined to shine in whatever he undertook. At last the moment came for his return to Madrid. He was elected Professor of Mathematics at the Escuela de Caminos, at the very institution where he had achieved such triumphs as a boy and a young man, and where he had left behind him so many pleasing remembrances. And now his professional engagements, and the extraneous tasks which he voluntarily imposed on himself, scarcely left him time to breathe. During the thirteen years of his occupation of the mathematical chair an immense number of classes had the advantage of his teaching of the Infinitesimal Calculus, Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, Hydrostatics, Curve-tracing, Descriptive Geometry and its applications, Solid Geometry, and so on into the dimmest heights of the science. During this time he devoted himself to Political Economy, to Philosophy, to Geology, and to another study, entered upon with slight equipment by many men, very seriously and with all his faculties by this man—Politics. At the Bolsa and the Free Exchange Propaganda he delivered orations full of subtle thought and sound{10} doctrine; in the Ateneo he spoke enthusiastically in favour of pure democracy; in presence of the Society of Political Economy he pronounced numerous discourses appropriate to their several occasions, and distinguished by an order of eloquence which was looked upon as remarkable, even in a capital where almost every one seems endowed with the gift of picturesque and ready speech. He published different tioga state bank newfield in the Economista, La Razon, and other periodicals—it seeming impossible that he should give his attention to multitudinous labours of this kind, and at the same time devote eight or ten hours of his days and nights to private lessons in mathematics and to public lectures on other subjects, among which were Physics and Naval and Military Engineering. Such excessive work would have paralysed a nature less vigorous than Echegaray’s, but in the continuance of a portion of it he was unexpectedly stopped. The private lessons which he had been giving would have raised an independence for him. They were prohibited. Echegaray was made a victim of the administrative despotism to which the authorities of the Escuela de Caminos were compelled to bow. He applied for a special license; it was refused. In his indignation he was about to leave the Escuela. But there he was assured that he would be acting ill-advisedly. If he indeed abandoned his career in defiance, he would forfeit all his rights as a tutor in the public schools of Spain. The earnest remonstrances of his friends, joined to the promptings of his own reason, induced him to relinquish the design. His most powerful motive against precipitancy was that he had not the heart to break with the work of his whole life. He was the soul of the Escuela. He had become indispensable, alike to{11} his fellow professors and to his pupils. Mathematics consoled him for all his trials, and to them he continued to consecrate himself with a loving fervour which even he had never surpassed. The mathematical treatises which he then began to send forth in rapid succession from the press will not be readily allowed to die by the scientific world of Spain.

Being about this time commissioned by the Spanish Government to study the works of tunnel making at Mont Cenis, and having no opportunity of doing so at leisure on his arrival, a very brief inspection sufficed for him to understand, or rather to guess, the whole of the internal mechanical arrangements of the perforators. And, thanks to this, and without bringing away with him sketches or plans of any sort, he, on his return to Spain, drew up a memorial with the most detailed description—a description subsequently proved accurate in all essential particulars—of the mechanism and procedure employed in the enterprise.

All this while there had been nothing in Echegaray’s tastes or performances that gave evidence of the poet, the dramatist, or even, in any distinct form, of the man of letters. His literary works, or rather such works of his as had even a suspicion of literary flavour about them, had been thus far confined to certain political orations, to articles on Political Economy, to publications on Mathematics, and to a humorous little sketch entitled, “The Comet, or a Carnival Joke,” which appeared in a Madrid newspaper. Echegaray’s partiality for the reading of novels and for the frequenting of theatres was the same. Still there was no awakening within him of any expressed ambition to write in emulation of those whose productions he admired as a spectator.{12}

Towards the year 1864 it was that José’s brother Miguel, then a mere lad, wrote a little piece in one act and in verse entitled, “Cara o Cruz,” which was put on the stage, and was received in a friendly manner. And José, equally startled and amused at the spectacle of his boy brother writing smooth and harmonious verse, rapidly acquired the conviction that, after all, the writing of verses ought to have no stupendous difficulty about it. He did not long delay an experiment. He immediately set about putting together an appalling tragic argument, which he versified with tolerable ease. In this fashion was composed his first play. He kept it by him for a year. Having in the meanwhile dedicated himself with serious and characteristically energetic study to the whole question of dramatic writing, he drew the piece forth and read it a second time. He found it by no means equal to his first complacent judgment of its merits. He at once chose a safer hiding-place for it than previously, and it has never seen the light. Echegaray was becoming more and more immersed in these new subjects of interest, when an interruption came in the most notable public episode of his life. The revolution of 1868, and the flight of Isabella, launched him into the full tide of politics. His known ability naturally fitted him for the playing of a prominent part. He was very speedily selected for Cabinet rank in the newly-formed Government. He was created Minister for the Colonies. His new duties, entered upon and sustained with vigour and success, removed him for five years from the concerns of literature and the drama. Towards 1873, on the dissolution of the Permanent Commission of the Cortes, Echegaray’s name was proscribed. He was in imminent danger of death. He escaped to France.{13} Eventually the ban was taken from his name, and his life was preserved, through the commanding influence of Emilio Castelar. This has been ever since gratefully acknowledged in a manner which does credit alike to the great orator and the great dramatist.

In the meantime, during his comparatively brief exile, Echegaray had written in Paris his drama, “El Libro Talonario.” It is the first of his pieces which was put on the stage, and the date of its production is February 18, 1874—not long after the author’s return to Spain. Nothing commonplace could come from Echegaray, yet neither in style nor in argument does the work give any revelation of the future greatness of the writer. Very little better was the reception accorded by the critics of Madrid to the second performance of the new poet, “La Esposa del Vengador,” also produced in 1874. There was not one, however, who failed to admit the numerous beauties of either play. The third effort, “La Ultima Noche,” again, was declared to be a chaotic conjunction of graces and monstrosities: as a work of genius unimpeachable; as a display of true dramatic quality, absurd.

On the other hand, the public of Madrid, roused to the highest pitch of interest in the new career marked out for himself by the celebrated mathematician, the ex-Cabinet Minister, the returned exile, had been receiving one after the other of his dramas with delight. This was not enough for a man of such iron will as Echegaray. He was deliberately bent on subduing his critics. His three first dramas had been experiments. He had been merely trying his hand.

On the 12th of October, 1875, was produced “En el puño de la Espada.” The play was welcomed with{14} unanimous and boundless enthusiasm. The irregular and fiery genius, whose only enemy seemed to be his individual rashness, had stepped safely aside from down-rushing avalanches and gaping precipices, had scaled the heights reached by those few alone whose names will live, and was looking down in security and serenity alike on admiring critics and acclaiming public. From that night the severest judges of the Spanish capital recognised that there had come among them a dramatist of the first rank. Since that night Echegaray’s career has been one long triumphal march, his path strewn with flowers, his eyes rejoiced with the smiles of countless friends, his ears greeted with cries and songs of praise—and envy.

One of the most noted peculiarities in the onward course of Echegaray is the mixture of patient scorn and fierce energy with which he declines to look upon difficulties as insurmountable. Not merely in the solution of a hard problem in mathematics, or in clearing from his path the impediments which now make him rule the theatre of Spain as a monarch, does Echegaray show the force of his will. The rough term in which Ancient Pistol sums up the attributes of the Spaniard of Shakespeare’s time could not be more ludicrously applied than to such a man as José Echegaray.

In our country it is natural to conceive that we can pay no higher compliment to a man than by proclaiming him to be even as one of ourselves. Mr. Swinburne recognises—and with infallible justice—“a decisive note of the English spirit in Molière,” as well as in Rabelais. In one way, at least, in the moral if not in the intellectual sense, in his resolution to ignore defeat, however incongruous be the task he may undertake, there appears to the observer of Echegaray’s career something strangely{15} English. Two anecdotes may be given, alike as proofs of his almost boundless versatility, and of his constancy in breaking through seemingly impenetrable obstacles. On one occasion, he being in a drawing-room with several of his friends, among whom was a philosophical critic of some renown, the conversation fell upon German philosophy. Echegaray, who knew little of the matter discussed, and less of the German tongue, deemed it presumptuous to hazard an opinion for or against the thesis advanced, and maintained an absolute silence. Gradually, however, the debate resolved itself into a dispute as to the possibility of making an exhaustive study of a certain school of philosophy within a relatively short period. There can hardly be a more modest or amiable man than Echegaray, and yet the mere breathing of the word “impossibility” has been known at times to rouse him into an attitude of imperial defiance almost worthy of Cæsar or Napoleon. He left the house with the secret intention of proving that nothing is difficult to a man with clear brain and indomitable purpose. From that hour he devoted himself with patient zeal to no less a task than that of studying the special school of philosophy just argued about in the very fountains from which it emanated, in the original text of the German authors themselves. With such effect did he apply himself that, two months later, being in almost the same company, and the conversation—as the narrators will have it, with the usual emphatic pointing to coincidence—veering round to the same theme, the new student of philosophy displayed a depth of discernment, an acuteness of independent thought, a readiness of argumentative resource, a fertility of citation from the German language itself, which confounded the listeners; and{16} apart from the congratulations on his new linguistic acquirement, there was an unanimous admission that Echegaray had expressed himself on the subject as a master in the midst of novices.

Another time he was in the company of friends who were engaged in a most exhaustive dissertation on the art of fencing. Innumerable were the experiences detailed in illustration of practice with the sabre, the sword, and the foil. Those who were least excited by the discussion turned now and then to Echegaray with a courteous explanation and a general air of respectful apology for treating of matters in which he could take no conceivable interest. Echegaray, in truth, had never held an offensive weapon in his hand. Next day, however, he appeared at the rooms of one of the best-known fencing masters of Madrid, enrolled his name as a pupil, and took his first lesson instantly. There are living eye-witnesses who tell how, three months afterwards, the grave mathematician, the coming lord of the Spanish drama, in a desperate encounter with foils, repeatedly hit, and at length actually disarmed his fencing master himself, amid the intense amazement and uproarious enthusiasm of bystanders, who counted among them some of the most expert fencers in the Spanish capital.

Echegaray’s very career as a dramatist might in a measure be described as a gigantic experiment in the art of vanquishing difficulties, an elaborate and prolonged tour-de-force. He was a spectator of his brother Miguel’s boyish and successful entrance into the domain of dramatic poetry. He saw nothing to prevent himself from following in the same path. His own prescription for writing verse is concise, and contains a justification of his new departure. He sums up the full requirements of a poet in “A little{17} grammar, a little imagination, and a tolerable ear for music.” This is a matter-of-fact style of putting things which may seem rather like a ruthless tearing aside of the veil from a sanctuary that should never be revealed to profane eyes. The great unpublished poets whose own works are the result of the purest inspiration will resent it accordingly. Yet there is reason for suspicion that Shakespeare might have expressed himself on the dread mystery in some such light-hearted manner as Echegaray. The Spanish dramatist, however, omits one important condition which he, at least, has well fulfilled. He has all through life acted up to the letter of Carlyle’s teaching as to the “perennial nobleness and even sacredness” of “Work.” With him the main necessity in all the ways of life is hard labour, untiring drill, constant self-perfection. In his own example he seems to declare that even poets cannot straightway claim to be in the charmed circle of Mascarille’s “gens de qualité” qui “savent tout sans avoir jamais rien appris.”

Perhaps one of the first things calculated to strike a student of Echegaray is the air of gloom which overhangs many of his graver dramas. Instances might be given in which a combination of nearly all the elements of woe and despair, frequently leads to a catastrophe, from the contemplation of which others besides the mere hysterical reader will find it difficult to turn away with calmness. Yet this writer may, in a certain sense, be said to have in him something of classic delicacy and reserve—with regard, in especial, to scenes of death. The introduction of death upon the stage seems invariably a matter of concern to him. Not that it is ever awkwardly shrunk from. Indeed, when used as a last resort,{18} when “fear has had laid upon it as much as it can bear,” “when life is weaned and wearied till it is ready to drop,” then death in the hands of Echegaray comes forward at times with the weight of an almost overwhelming consummation. The Spanish dramatist, in short, may fairly claim a portion of that pleasing reverence for the dead which all true artists have. To adduce illustrations which must appear unfashionable in days when half a continent may be depopulated, without much protest, in the course of a single volume. The author of “Guy Mannering” and the author of “Monte Cristo,” in the very height of the gaiety, the gallantry, the majesty of their descriptions of their own and former times; Dickens and Thackeray, in the full flow of their mocking indignation or their lacerating irony, will be seen all at once to stop short. Their looks change. Their tones become softened and their eyes downcast. They uncover their heads and compel us to do the same. For they have led us into the they call me juan they call me jose of the dead; and before the lowliest or the loftiest of their fellows—Meg Merrilies or the Abbé Faria, Betty Higden or Colonel Newcome—these rare spirits incline themselves in solemn veneration.

Of Echegaray’s power over the pulses of sorrow and terror, without the intervention of death, an example may be found in “El Hijo de Don Juan.” And here, perhaps, a few words may not be out of place, even in view of Echegaray’s own “Prologue,” as to the true source of this drama. That it was inspired by the reading of Ibsen’s “Ghosts,” we have the Spaniard’s own declaration. But were it permissible to put aside the fact that both works treat of the problem of heredity in its most hideous and harrowing form, and the minor circumstance of the borrowing of{19} Oswald’s phrase, “Mother, give me the sun!”—words which, to the mind of Echegaray, embody such picturesque and profound significance—Mr. William Archer himself might not be reluctant to admit the essential originality of the Spanish play. The truth is that “El Hijo de Don Juan” is a sombre and relentless satire upon the real national hero of Spain, the being immortalised by Molière and Mozart, and more or less caricatured in the cruder imagination of José Zorilla. Don Juan, the gamester, the libertine, the duellist, the bully, has been transported from the sixteenth century to the nineteenth. He is in entirely new surroundings and has become in a measure reformed. We find him past the sixtieth year of his age, with a wife whom he has indeed ill-treated, but with a son of whom he never tires of boasting. The disorders of his youth have left him with none the strongest of brains. And now the sins of the parent, in accordance with Echegaray’s unsparing rule, are visited upon the child. The father’s own mental weakness is developed in the most grim and terrible form in the gifted son. And so the flames in which Don Juan Tenorio was untimely plunged, are rekindled in the hell of misery and remorse with which the heir to his shameless renown sees the final overthrow of his boy’s intellect. It is hardly too much to say that the “Ghosts” is almost bright and frolicsome in comparison with the “Son of Don Juan.” Echegaray has here deliberately chosen colours of funereal blackness, and has laid them on with little regard for the feelings of the sensitive reader. Ibsen leads us to the edge of his own “Inferno,” and points to the pale faces of those whom his genius has condemned to immortal suffering; but he hurries us aside before we have time to become giddy. Echegaray drags{20} us pitilessly down and holds us fast, while in our very presence his victims are whirled shrieking past us—borne along on burning winds, or stretched in agony on the rack. Still with all deductions, the gift of true impressiveness, which has been so abundantly acknowledged in Ibsen, will scarcely be denied to the Spaniard who so frankly admits the influence of the Northern master. This impressiveness may be set down to pathological causes, to the unwholesomeness of the subject, to the lugubrious moral atmosphere in which a pessimist like Ibsen, a teacher of Hebraic sternness like Echegaray, loves at times to fold himself round. But whether the effect of plays of this kind may or may not be illegitimate, it is, perhaps, within its peculiar limits, entirely unexampled. Plays of high name, plays filled with scenes of violence, with the ring and storm of battle, with midnight murder, with death in its worst forms, might be placed for comparison beside the “Son of Don Juan.” And though there is not a death, not a blow struck from beginning to end of the Spanish drama, such plays, with all their accumulations of misery and ferocity, might be found to yield in the element of sheer horror to the spectacle of the brilliant Lazarus, the poet, the dramatist, the coming glory of Spain, waking from a trance under the anguished eyes of his partnership financial credit union, his mother, his betrothed, and bursting into the ravings of a hopeless madman.

Of Echegaray’s use of dramatic resources when he indeed brings death upon the stage, a few examples maybe quoted. In “El Gran Galeoto” the sudden exposure of the body of Julian to his unforgiven wife. In “Mariana” the bloody sacrifice of the heroine—in presence of her real lover—by the husband whom she loathes and defies. Lover and husband stand{21} armed over the corpse; but the stage is not therefore converted into a shambles; we are merely left to conjecture that the two desperate men confronting each other will not long survive the woman who has coloured in such sinister fashion the lives of both. Another example, more openly verging on the melodramatic, may be encountered in an earlier drama than these, “En el seno de la Muerte.” Here is one of the rare instances in which Echegaray has chosen a purely romantic period for the scene of his play. A husband, treacherously wronged by the brother and the wife whom he had almost equally loved, contrives his revenge. He locks himself and the two culprits in the family mausoleum, of which he alone has the key and he alone knows the secret. He does not ignore, they do not ignore, the fact that there is no escape for any one of them. After a painful scene of reproach, at the end of which the traitor brother kills himself, the husband first throws the key which had locked them in, then the torch which had illumined the dismal magnificence of their surrounding’s, down a deep cavity which yawns between the monuments. Finally, in utter darkness, he stabs himself dead at his wife’s feet; and the curtain falls amidst an undefinable impression of haunting dismay at the alternatives of fate before the lonely survivor.

For obvious reasons Echegaray has been here referred to in connection with Ibsen. Whether an apology for such a conjunction of names might in reason be demanded by the most loyal of Ibsenites is doubtful, under the present conditions of criticism. It cannot but be a source of relief to any one helping to introduce a new author to the public, that the process of comparison has been simplified of late; that the qualifications exacted from competitors are drawn up{22} in a spirit of charming leniency; that the certificate of immortality is made more than ever easy of attainment. Some years ago a writer thought fit, not only without seeming sense of shame, but with the complacent air of one who sees “a new planet swim into his ken,” to couple the names of Mr. Rudyard Kipling and Charles Dickens. It must have been under the inspiration of such criticism as this that Shakespeare was immediately dethroned—for at least the hundredth time—and once again at the hands of “our lively neighbour the Gaul.” Corneille, Racine, and Victor Hugo were allowed to slumber tranquilly in their graves, and it was admitted on behalf of England—by the Paris Figaro—that the author of “Othello” was surpassed by M. Maurice Maeterlinck. Even under these encouraging circumstances, however, it will not be here contended that Señor Echegaray shows in his work anything comparable—“et oserai-je le dire,” as M. Mirbeau would say—“supérieure en beauté à ce qu’il y a de plus beau dans Shakespeare.” It might be suggested that “Mariana”—Señor Echegaray’s masterpiece in female creation—would have been readily accepted as a companion with Charmian and Iras in attendance on the most complex of all heroines—Cleopatra. Further than this it will not be safe to go.

Echegaray may be noted as displaying, even in the following mournful drama, a genuine and, as a rule, unforced sense of humour. In his comic passages, however, he has a fault which he shares with Shakespeare—and the editor of Punch. He is a remorseless punster.

This poet’s genius, as may have been remarked, burst into bloom at a time beyond the midsummer of life. He was forty-two before his first drama was produced.{23} That is twenty-one years ago. Since then his activity has never known exhaustion. He is now the author of some fifty plays. There are particular years among the past twenty-one in the course of which he has put upon the stage as many as four dramas, not one of which is carelessly written, though one imitation from the German, “El Gladiador de Ravena,” was commenced and completed within three days. During these twenty-one years, indeed, he appears to have determined on making up for what, in other important respects, had certainly not been lost time. Civil engineers have found and still find it to their advantage to consult him on points which are the special study and occupation of their lives. He has published three formidable volumes on the “Modern Theories of Physics.” A well-known book of his has appeared on sub-marine vessels of war. He has lectured on Political Economy and Geology with equal success. He is admitted by Spaniards to be the chief of their own mathematicians; they further claim for him the honour of being one of the first mathematicians in the world. He is an orator who has won the applause of Castelar himself. There were only wanting his labours as a poet and a dramatist to set the seal upon a career of almost universal aptitude. Those labours have earned for him a renown which will assuredly not be allowed to die in his own country.

Be the praise high or low, in view of the condition of Spanish literature between the seventeenth century and the nineteenth, Spaniards declare that for more than two hundred years their drama has not brought forth a serious rival to this man. And there can hardly be a doubt that, in any selection of names of the greatest dramatists ever sprung from Spain, Lope de Vega and Calderon de la Barca will find the place nearest to themselves occupied by José Echegaray.




In trying to interpret the idea of my last drama, “The Son of Don Juan,” the critics have said many things. That the idea was the same as that which inspired Ibsen in his celebrated work entitled “Gengangere.” That the passions which it sets in movement are more natural to the countries of the North than to our sunnier climes: that it deals with the problem of hereditary lunacy. That it discusses the law of heredity. That it is sombre and lugubrious, with no other object than that of arousing horror. That it is a purely pathological drama. That it contains nothing more than the progress of a case of lunacy. That from the moment when it is perceived that Lazarus will go mad, the interest of the work ceases, and nothing remains but to follow step by step the shipwreck of the poor creature—and so forth. I think that all this is but a series of lamentable equivocations on the part of the great and little judges of the dramatic art. The idea of my drama was walmart money card account login one of those mentioned. Its motive is very different, but I shall not explain it. Why should I? In all the scenes of my work, in all its personages, in nearly all its phrases it is explained. Moreover, to explain it{26} would be dangerous; it might be imagined that my proposal was to defend the poor Son of Don Juan under the pretext of exposing the central idea from which he drew birth. I never defend my dramas; when I write their last word I leave them to their fate. I neither defend them materially nor morally. I finish a drama, I give it to the management of a theatre, it is put on the stage, it is liked or not liked, according to the favour of God. The management does what is most suited to its interests, without my interference: the actors represent it as they can, almost always very well, the public pronounces its judgment in one sense or another, according to its feelings, and the critics unbosom themselves to their satisfaction. I neither wish nor ought, if only from good taste, to defend my new indigo credit card customer service email but it contains one phrase which is not mine, which is Ibsen’s; and that phrase I must any malls open today energetically, for I consider it one of extraordinary beauty: “Mother, give me the sun,” says Lazarus. And this phrase, simple, infantile, almost comic, enfolds a world of ideas, an ocean of sentiments, a hell of sorrows, a cruel lesson, a supreme warning to society and to the family circle. Thus I look at it. A generation devoured by vice; which bears even in its bones the virus engendered by impure love; with a corrupted blood which in its course drags along organisms of corruption mingled with its ruddy globules, this generation goes on falling and falling into the abysses of idiocy: the cry of Lazarus is the last twilight of bb updates twitter reason which founders in the eternal blackness of imbecility. And at the same time nature awakes and the sun comes forth—another twilight which will very soon be all light. And the two twilights meet and cross and salute each other with the salutation of everlasting farewell at the close of the drama.{27} Reason, which is precipitated downward, impelled by the corruption of pleasure. The sun, which springs upward with immortal flames, impelled by the sublime forces of nature. Below, human reason which has come to an end; above, the sun which begins a new day. “Give me the sun,” says Lazarus to his mother. Don Juan likewise asked for it from between the tresses of the woman of Tarifa. On this point there is much to be said: it gives room for much thought. For, in truth, if our society. But what the devil are these philosophical speculations that I am plunging into? Let every man compose such for himself as best he may, and let him clamour for the sun or beg for the horns of the moon, or ask for what suits his appetite. Does nobody understand or take an interest in these matters? What then? This, at most would prove that the modern Don Juan continues to bequeath many sons to the world, though they have not the talent of Lazarus. Let us give a respectful greeting to the sons of Don Juan.

José Echegaray.




Doña Dolores.
Don Juan.
Don Timoteo.
Doctor Bermudez.
Don Nemesio.
First represented March 29, 1892.

[Rights of adaptation and stage representation reserved.]




The scene represents a room for business or study. It is mounted in elegant yet severe taste, with something of a worldly style, indicated by some artistic object which betrays predilections of that kind. On the left of the spectator is a very light and charming tea-table to accommodate three or four persons; upon the table is a candle or night-light with a bright-coloured shade; and surrounding it are three small arm-chairs or cushioned seats and smoking chairs. On the right is a desk—not very large, though massive and sober in style: behind, a chair or writing stool. At the side of the desk a high stool or better still an arm-chair. Upon the desk a lighted lamp with a dark shade. Also on the desk, in a framed easel, the photograph ofCarmen. On the left first wing a balcony, to the right a fireplace with a very bright fire: at one side a large portative screen. Over the doors and the balcony thick, sober-hued curtains. A door in the background, and a door at either side. If it be possible, there should also be in the background a small bookcase, dark and rich: at the left forming a pendant, a cabinet, dark like the bookcase, and full of objects of art. If this be impossible, two equivalent pieces of furniture. In short, a room which gives evidence of rich though{32} not opulent possessors, and which above all denotes the contrast of two tastes:—the one austere, the other gay and worldly. It is night.


Don Juan, andDon Timoteo, Don Nemesiodiscovered seated round the tea-table, drinking strong liqueurs and smoking. The three are old, but give token of different types: the three bear the stamp of life-long self-indulgence. It is recognised, however, thatDon Juanhas been a man of gaiety and fashion.

Juan. Timoteo!

Tim. What?

Juan. I have a suspicion.

Tim. What about?

Juan. That we are getting old.

Tim. How have you got to know?

Juan. I’ll tell you: there are symptoms. When the weather changes all my joints are sore. When I wish to stretch out this leg merrily, it entails labour on me, and in the end it is the other leg which moves. Moreover my sight is failing: when I see a dark girl in the street, she looks fair to me; and if a girl happens to be fair, she becomes so obscured as to turn dark before my eyes.

Nem. That’s weakness; you should take a tonic. (Drinks.)

Juan. My stomach cannot endure alcohol now: I drink out of compliment; but I know that it does me harm.

Tim. Because it is not the alcohol of our time.{33}

Nem. This is corrosive sublimate alcoholised.

Tim. It is the alcohol which has grown old. (Walks about jauntily.) I feel young still—Ah!

Juan. What’s the matter?

Tim. While simply moving I seem to have disjointed my whole vertebral column. The devil, the devil!

Nem. (drinking calmly). Something or other will have got dislocated.

Juan. Let us undeceive ourselves: we are nearing the City of Old Age. By the life of life, how short is life! (Strikes the chair with his fist.) Ah!

Tim. What ails you?

Juan. A pain in the elbow—and in this shoulder.

Nem. The weather; it’s damp. (Drinks.)

Tim. Juanito, you have never been very strong.

Juan. I have not been? I have not been? I have been stronger than you all. For twenty-four hours running I have played cards: for three days running I have been shut up with Pacorro and Luis emptying bottles: and my patron Saint Juan Tenorio, from the heaven where he dwells in company with Doña Inez, will have seen how I have borne myself in amorous enterprises. You, on the other hand, have been nothing more than the braggadocios of vice. Away with such lay-figures.

Tim. We don’t deny that you have been a greater madcap than anybody else; but strong—what’s called a strong man—that you have not been.

Nem. You have not been that—confess.

Juan. What have I to confess?

Tim. Something has happened to you which never happened to any one else.

Juan. What happened to me?

Tim. In order to get your spine straightened you{34} had to be put in a casing of paste, and they used to hang you up by the neck indian home remedies for gout a day.

Juan. But that was because we were playing at single stick in the Plaza de Toros, and they broke two of my ribs; that might happen to anybody.

Tim. No, no: you were not like us. Do you remember, Nemesio? “Where is Juanito?” “In bed.” “Where is Juanito?” “At Panticosa.” “Where is Juanito?” “At Archena.” “Where is Juanito?” “Shut up in his casing.” “Where is Juanito?” “At this moment they must be hanging him.” Ha, ha!

Tim.andNem.laugh. Don Juanlooks at them angrily.

Juan. Don’t laugh very loud, or we shall have a general breaking up. I have been a man and you two have been pitiful fellows. You (toTim.), got married at forty: you locked yourself up in a corner of this town with your wife, and there was an end of Timoteo. You (toNem.), flying like a coward from the storms of the world, took refuge in Arganda, where you drink each year the vintage of the year before. I, on the other hand (speaking with proud emphasis), I—it is true that I also got married—at forty-two; but that’s no proof of weakness. If Don Juan Tenorio had been allowed the time, he would have married Doña Inez, and indeed there is a rumour that they celebrated their mystic wedding in heaven. But I, the other Don Juan, got married like a man, like a free citizen; yet I did not thereupon abandon the field of honour. I am myself at home, myself abroad, at nine in the convent, at ten in this street. Well, then I had my Lazarus!—Eh!—There’s a lad! That’s what it is to have a son.{35}

Tim. God help google closest bank of america, with your glorious triumph! Jump into the street, and you won’t see a neighbour who is not the son of somebody. Each individual has a father.

Nem. One father at least.

Juan. Yes, but I was the libertine; I was the man that drained the cup of pleasure and the cask from the wine-cellar: the invalid of the orgie. “That fellow is consumptive,” they used to say. “That fellow will die some morning,” you thought. And suddenly I became restored to life in Lazarus. Lazarus is my resurrection. And how robust and strong he is. And what talent he has! A prodigy—a Byron, an Espronceda, an Edgar Poe—a genius. That’s not what I alone say: you have it written in all the journals of Madrid.

Tim. Yes, the lad is able.

Nem. He is able.

Juan. Well, now, frankly—he who has led the life that I have led—he who while saying: “I must rest for a time,” has a son like Lazarus: that man—is he not a man, indeed?

Tim. Fine subject of rejoicing for a Tenorio.

Juan. What subject?

Tim. This of yours. Does it not come to this that you are the father of a genius?

Juan. And what then, dotards? Strength is strength, and becomes transformed: you don’t understand this. I make no doubt that I had all the genius of Lazarus concealed in some corner of my brain; but as I gave it neither time nor opportunity it could not exhibit itself. At last it grew tired of waiting, and it said: “Eh! I am going with the son, because with the father I can make no headway.” (Laughing.){36}

Tim. Don’t delude yourself, Juanito. The talent of Lazarus, for indeed he seems to have great talent, is not inherited from you: he must have derived it from his mother. The paternal heritage will have been some rheumatism, some affection of the nerves.

Nem. The sediments of pleasure and the dregs of alcohol. (Drinks.)

Juan. Blockheads! I went through my school-days badly, and I lived worse; but there was something in me.

Tim. Quite a genius frittered away on a lost soul.

Juan. It may be so.

Nem. And by what did you recognise this something?

Tim. When was it?

Nem. And where?

Juan. It was on awaking from a drunken bout.

Tim. Now that you are going to ascend to the sublime don’t say a drunken bout.

Juan. Well then, on arising from an orgie.

Nem. That’s well. “To Jarifa in an Orgie,” Espronceda. (Drinks.)

Juan. Yes, señor, the very thing. I once felt that which neither of you ever experienced.

Nem. Tell us, tell us. This ought to be curious. Another little glass, Timoteo.

Tim. Come. To the health of the disappointed genius. (Coughing.)

Nem. Of the unsuccessful genius. (Drinks.)

Don Juanis thoughtful.

Tim. Begin.

Juan. You remember the season we passed at my country seat in Sevilla, {37}in the year—in the year——?

Tim. The year I don’t recollect—but very well do I remember the country-house, on the banks of the Guadalquivir, with an Oriental saloon, divans, carpets—those famous carpets.

Nem. True, true! I was always walking on them. Aniceta, the little gipsy—you remember?—used to cry out, “I am sinking, I am sinking.”

Tim. True, true! and as she was so little she used to sink out of sight, really.

Nem. Delightful time. Don Juan’s country seat—so we called it.

Tim. What I liked was that they call me juan they call me jose balcony or gallery, or whatever it was. What a view! The Guadalquivir! And it looked towards the East—you saw the sun rise—it was enchanting. (ToJuan.) Have you fallen asleep?

Juan. I? I never sleep. That’s what I should like—to sleep. For this is the way I pass the night—with a wrench of this nerve and a wrench at the other. The little pain which is in the neighbourhood of my elbow goes for a walk. My cough appears before it and says, “Good evening, neighbour.” My head cries out, “I am going to waltz for a while, stand away there.” And my stomach heaves, “No, for God’s sake; I shall be sea-sick.” Sleep, indeed! It’s ten years since I have slept.

Nem. But you are not telling us the story.

Juan. What story?

Tim. Why, man, that about the fiery outbreak of genius. When you learned that you had something inside here. (Touching his forehead.) Something sublime, eh?

Nem. I should think so, corrosive sublimate. Ha, ha! Another little glass.

Tim. Come. However, we are left at where you{38} got to know once upon a time that you were a larva-like genius—like the pulmonary larvæ.

Juan. I got to know it. There’s nothing to laugh at.

Nem. In your country seat by the Guadalquivir?

Juan. The very same.

Tim. In the Oriental saloon—the one with the divans, the balcony looking towards the East and the Persian carpet?

Juan. Exactly.

Tim. During a night of orgies?

Juan. No—next morning—on awaking.

Tim. On awaking from the orgie! “Bring hither, Jarifa, bring hither thine hand—come and place it upon my brow!” (Taking the hand ofDon Nemesio.)

Nem. (withdrawing his hand). Your brow is all right. Ha, ha! Don’t make me laugh.

Tim. Then look—thine hand—a pure branch of the vine.

Juan. Don’t you want to hear me?

Nem. I should think so. Tell your story.

Tim. But you must tell it seriously, solemnly, dramatically. The awaking of Don Juan—after a night of orgies.

Juan. Then here goes.

Nem.andTim.take convenient positions for listening to him.

It was a grand night—a grand supper. There were eight of us—each with a partner. Everybody was drunk—even the Guadalquivir. Aniceta appeared on the gallery and began to cry out, “Stupid, insipid, waterish river, drink wine for once!” and she threw a bottle of Manzanilla into it.

Tim. She was very lively, Aniceta. She once{39} threw a bottle of wine at my head—but it was empty.

Nem. Your head?

Tim. The bottle. Continue, continue—but, seriously—eh?

Juan. Well, I was lying asleep along the floor, upon the carpet, close to a divan. And on the divan there had fallen by one of the usual accidents, the Tarifeña—Paca, the Tarifeña. Nobody noticed it, and on the divan she lay asleep. Amidst her tossings to and fro, her hair had become loose—a huge mass! and it fell over me in silky waves—a great quantity.

Nem. Not like Timoteo’s. (Timoteois bald.)

Juan. Not like Timoteo’s. But if you interrupt me I shall lose the inspiration.

Tim. Continue—continue, seriously, Juanito.

Juan. We leave off at where I was asleep on the carpet, when the loosened hair of the Tarifeña fell over my head and face, enfolding me as in a splendid black mantle of perfumed lace. Would you like anything more serious?

Tim. It goes well so.

Nem. Keep yourself to that height.

Tim. To the height of the carpet?

Nem. Each one mounts to the height of which he is worthy. Go on.

Juan. The dawn arrived. It was summer.

Tim. And yet it rained.

Juan. No, my dear fellow, a delightful morning: the balcony open: the East with splendid curtains of mist and of little red clouds, the sky blue and stainless, a light more vivid kindling into flame the distant horizon.

Tim. So, so—to that height.{40}

Nem. Very poetical, very poetical—don’t fall off.

Juan. Slowly the crimson globe ascended. I opened my eyes wide, and I saw the sun. I saw it from between the interwoven tresses of the Tarifeña—it inundated me with its light, and I stretched forth my hand instinctively to grasp it. Something of a new kind of love, a new desire agitated me. Great brightness, much azure, very broad spheres, vague yet burning aspirations—for something very beautiful. For a minute I understood that there is something higher than the pleasure of the senses: for a minute I felt myself another being. I wafted a kiss to the sun, and pulled aside in anger the girl’s hair. One lock clung about my lips—it touched my palate and gave me nausea. I flung away the tress—I awoke the Tarifeña—and vice dawned through the remains of the orgie, like the sun through the vapours of the night, its mists and its fire-coloured clouds.

Tim. Good for Juanito. We are moved, profoundly moved.

Nem. Unfathomably moved. (Drinks.)

Tim. But with what object have you told us all that I don’t remember.

Juan. To prove to you that there have existed within me noble aspirations.

Tim. Ah! yes, sublime desires.

Nem. Superhuman longings.

Juan. Quite so: and that everything which was deprived of the opportunity of making itself known in me, or which ran to waste through other channels will revive in my Lazarus in the forms of talent, inspiration, genius, wing that flutter, creations that spring forth, applause, glory, immorality. Ah! you’ll see—you’ll see.

Tim. Your posthumous blowing off of steam.{41}

Juan. My last and most pure illusion—no, the only pure illusion of my existence. And you ought to be glad that my son is getting on so well, you scapegrace. (GivingTim.a playful slap.)

Tim. I?

Nem. Ah, ah! I understand you. Another glass to the health of the bride and bridegroom.

Juan. Eh? What do you say? (ToDon T.)

Tim. Ah, yes; no, it is impossible. My poor Carmen is very much in love: but I don’t know if Lazarus——

Juan. They call me juan they call me jose is mad about her. He is reserved enough, but he is mad.

Tim. Well, look; if the son is going to resemble the papa I should be very sorry to form the relationship, frankly.

Juan. Much obliged to you, venerable grandfather.

Nem. No, Lazarus is very steady.

Tim. The fact is that my girl is very weak, very delicate, a sensitive plant. Her poor chest troubles her with least thing; and if Lazarus were to lead my poor Carmen the life which you have led your wife, I should renounce the relationship and the honour which you propose to me.

Juan. Gently, gently; I have been an irreproachable husband.

Tim. Oh!

Nem. Ah!

Juan. Irreproachable. My wife has always been first in my affections.

Tim. But you have had a second, and a third——

Nem. And a fourth and a fifth.

Juan. Those are lawful requirements of the system of numeration.

Nem. Peace between the future fathers-in-law. The{42} one is as good as the other; the one is just as gay as the other; and one is quite as sedate a father of a family as the other.

Juan. And of course you must be better than we are! You who have been steeped in alcohol from your tenderest years.

Nem. Between the bottle and the woman, I cling to the bottle.

Tim. Well, I to the woman.

Juan. Let us not exaggerate: being between the bottle and the woman one remains just the same—between the bottle and the woman.

Tim. Not quite: we now remain at home between our own woman and the bottle of tisan—two tisans.

Nem. Because you are a pair of dotards. I am every night at the theatre, in my little box: from ten to twelve I consecrate myself to art. Some dancers have come from Madrid. Sweet zephyrs! Four zephyrs!

Juan (in a loud voice and erecting himself like an old cock). Are they pretty?

Tim. Your wife will hear you.

Juan (lowering his voice in exaggerated style). Are they pretty?

Nem. Four flowers, four stars, four goddesses, the four cardinal points of beauty. What eyes! What waists! What vigour! What cushion-like bodies.

Juan. Cushion-like?

Nem. Nothing artificial.

Juan. Nothing artificial? And you are going to the theatre now?

Nem. I go there to finish the night as God commands—in admiring the marvels of creation. (Rising.)

Tim. Then I’ll accompany you, and we shall both admire them. (Rising.){43}

Juan. Well, I’ll not stay at home. I’ll go there with you two and we shall all three admire them. (Rising with difficulty.)

Nem. At this time of night, Juanito?

Juan. You two are going at this time of night.

Tim. And what will your wife say?

Juan. For twenty-five years my wife has said nothing. Besides, I give orders here. No one ever calls me to account. Ho, there, I’ll be back in a moment. Ho, there! [Exit.

Nem. I think that poor Juan is getting to the end of his tether. Don’t you see how he walks? What things he says! What pitiful senilities!

Tim. Yet he is not very old.

Nem. What should make him old? He is little more than sixty. Every man who respects himself is sixty years old. (Walking about somewhat jauntily.)

Tim. Precisely: you are sixty, I am sixty, every well-conditioned person is sixty.

Nem. But he has lived! What a life he has lived! This is what I say: people may be guilty of follies: you have been guilty of them: I have been guilty of them——

Tim. And every well-behaved person is guilty of them.

Nem. But up to a certain point.

Tim. Up to a certain point.

Nem. But poor Juan was old at forty. And Lazarus is not what his father says—no, señor.

Tim. Well, talent—he has much talent. All the newspapers of Madrid assert it; you see it now. That he is a prodigy that he will be a glory to the nation.

Nem. I don’t deny it. But walk with care before marrying little Carmen to him.{44}

Tim. Why? The devil! Why? Is he like his father?

Nem. No! Like the father—no. Inclined to gaiety—yes. What would you have the son of Don Juan to be?

Tim. Everybody is inclined to gaiety. I am so, you are so——

Nem. It is not that. It is that according to my information (lowering his voice) he is not so robust as the papa supposes. Lazarus suffers from vertigo—nervous attacks—what shall I say?—something of that sort. At long intervals, it’s true; but that head of his is not strong. That’s why he does such stupendous things, and that’s why they call him a genius. Don’t trust men of genius, Timoteo. A genius goes along the street, and boone county courthouse albion ne one says, “The genius! the genius!” He turns round the corner, and the little boys in the next street run after him shouting: “The madman! the madman!” Timoteo, it is very dangerous to have much cleverness.

Tim. God deliver us from it. Oh! as to that I have always been very careful.

Nem. So have I. A man should not be altogether a fool; that’s not well. But the thing is—don’t be a genius.

Tim. Never. Here’s Juan coming back.

Nem. Say nothing to him of what I have told you. They either don’t know of the sufferings of Lazarus, or they hide them; it’s natural.

Tim. Not a word! but it’s well to know it.

Re-enterDon Juan.

Juan (dressed for going out). Are we ready?

Tim. We are.

Juan. Then let’s march. Listen. (ToTim.) Will you come back for Carmen, or must we take her?{45}

Tim. Carmen?

Juan. Yes, Carmen. Have you already forgotten that she is in there with Dolores?

Tim. It’s true.

Juan. What a head! Ha, ha! And you say that I——? He forgets his own daughter! It would have been easy for me to forget my Lazarus. What a fellow you are! What a fellow you are! Away with you for a pair of wooden-heads! (Laughing.)

Tim. You gay young dog, lead us on to glory and to pleasure!

Juan. I shall lead you on to the cemetery if you annoy me any more. However, what do you decide? Will you come back to fetch Carmen?

Tim. I shall have to come back to carry you home.

Juan. You carry me? You’d never be able to carry any one.

Nem. I shall carry you both. Come, give me your arm, Juanito. If not you can’t go down the staircase. (Don Juantakes his arm.)

Juan. Teresa—little Teresa.

Teresaenters from the back centre.

Ter. Señor?

Juan. Tell Dolores—tell your mistress—that I am going out. Let Señorita Carmen wait until her father returns to fetch her. March on. (ToTim.) Take hold of me, for you are not very strong. Take hold of me.

Tim. March on.

Nem. March on.

Juan. Military step! One—two——

Tim. (looking atTeresa). This girl’s nearest chemical bank near me every day.

Nem. (the same). And fresher.{46}

Juan (toNem.). You are not looking; you will fall.

Ter. Where are you going, señor?

Juan. To take these two to the lunatic asylum.

[Exeunt laughing and clutching each other’s arms.

Ter. (looking from the back). Well, when you get in there, may they never let you out. Where are those mummies going?

EnterDoña DoloresandCarmenfrom the right.

Car. Ah! They are not here. Papa is not here.

Dol. Have they gone out?

Ter. Yes, señora. But Don Juan left word that Señorita Carmen’s papa would come back to show mastercard login her home.


Dol. Coughing again! You ought not to go out at night; the doctor has forbidden you. You don’t take care of yourself. You are a little simpleton. Sick children should be in their little homes.

Car. When I am alone I am very sad. I had rather cough than be sad.

Dol. Not so; I shall go and bear you company. And I shall bring Lazarus. I don’t wish my sick child, my darling child to be melancholy. (Fondling her.)



Car. It’s not worth speaking of.

Dol. The fact is that no one can breathe here. What an atmosphere! What smoke! What a smell of tobacco.

Ter. The three ancient gentlemen were all the night drinking and smoking and laughing. Now you see how they have left everything.

Dol. Yes, I see. (Looking with disgust at the{47} little table which is full of ashes and ends of cigars and covered with bottles, glasses, and waiters’ trays.) Take these things away; clean everything up; open the balcony. I am not accustomed—yet after twenty-five years I should have grown accustomed. (Aside.) The poetry of existence! (Laughing bitterly.)

Car. What are you laughing at, Dolores?

Dol. (changing her tone and feigning merriment). I feel amused, very much amused at the frolics of those three venerable old men.

Car. Papa is not yet an old man.

Dol. He is not: but what a life he has led. (Recollecting herself.) So laborious—his business—his commerce—the same as Juan.

Car. Ah yes. Parents are all alike, killing themselves for their children. And Papa is very good. He loves me—my God! At night he gets up I don’t know how many times and listens at the door of my room to know if I am coughing, so that I, who hear him, stifle the cough with my handkerchief or with the bed-clothes; but sometimes I am not able—it is that I am choking. (Coughs.)

Dol. (toTeresawho has been meanwhile taking away bottles, ash-trays, waiters’ trays, and who has entered and gone out several times). Open the balcony! Let in the fresh, pure air. No, wait. (ToCarmen.) You could not bear the sensation, my poor little one. Come. (Taking her by the hand.)

Car. Where to?

Dol. While the room is being ventilated you must remain like a quiet little girl behind this curtain. (Placing her behind the curtain to the right.) A quiet little girl, eh? Afterwards you shall enter.

Car. (laughing). Are you leaving me in punishment?{48}

Dol. In punishment! Your father is very indulgent, I am very severe.

Car. Good; but your punishment does not last long.

Dol. Not very long. (ToTeresa.) Go: I shall open it.


Doloresopens the balcony.

So! Air—the air of night—space—freshness—that which is pure—that which is great—that which does not revolt one—that which dilates the lungs—that which expands the soul! To have a very broad horizon which one may fill with hopes, and to run towards those hopes! At least hope! Hope! Oh! I cannot complain. I have my Lazarus—then I have everything.

Car. (putting her head from time to time through the curtain). May I come out?

Dol. No, not yet; wait—quiet, my little one. (Walking from the balcony to the fireplace.) To have my son! But without him ever having had a father—above all, that father! Oh, if my Lazarus had sprung spontaneously from my love! Even as—as the wave of the sea or the light of the sun springs forth. After all, let me not complain—even if he resembled—though he does not resemble—his father, Lazarus is mine and mine only. How good! How noble. What intellect! What a heart! Oh, what it is to have such a son!

Car. May I come in?

Dol. Ah, yes—wait though—I shall first shut the balcony. (Shuts it.) Come in.

Car. That’s very different. (Breathing with pleasure.)

Dol. You feel well?{49}

Car. Very well.

Dol. What are you looking at?

Car. The clock—to see what time it is. It is getting late: Lazarus is not coming. (Sadly.)

Dol. It is not late, my child. Come and sit by me.

Car. Yes, it is late, it is late.

Dol. Lazarus will come soon. He knew that you were coming this evening, and he will not fail.

Car. (sorrowfully). But he would do wrong to inconvenience himself for me. If he does not see me now, he’ll see me another day.

Dol. You silly child, are you complaining?

Car. Not at all. My God! He has his engagements, and he must not sacrifice himself for Carmen.

Dol. Carmen deserves it all; and Carmen knows it; don’t be a little hypocrite.

Car. No, señora, I speak as I think, and that’s what gives me much pain and makes me quick at finding fault. You fondle me and love me, as if you were my own mother, now that I no longer have one. You watch over our love—the love of Lazarus and myself. I am sure you tell Lazarus that I am this and that—in short, a prodigy. And you swear to me that Lazarus is mad for the love of his Carmen. But is all this true? Can it be so? Am I worthy of Lazarus? Can such a man as he feel the passion which you describe to me for a poor creature like myself?

Dol. Come, now—I shall get vexed. Don’t say such things. Why, have what time does td bank open tomorrow never looked into the glass?

Car. Yes, many times—every day.

Dol. And what does the glass tell you?

Car. That I am very pale, that I am very thin,{50} that I have very sad eyes, and that I rather resemble a mother of sorrows than a girl of eighteen. That’s what it tells me, and it causes me a rather unpleasant feeling.

Dol. There are very malevolent mirrors, and yours is one of them. (In a comic tone.) They take the form of boats to give us long faces; they get blurred to make us pale; they become stained to sow freckles all over our skins; and they commit every kind of wickedness. Yours is a criminal looking-glass; I’ll send you one in which you may see what you are, and you shall see an angel gazing through a tiny window of crystal.

Car. Yes. (Laughs.) But even if I were the most beautiful woman in the world, could I be worthy of Lazarus? A man like him! A future such as his! A talent which all admire. Nay, a superior being. I love him much; but it makes me afraid and ashamed that he should know that I love him so much. I feel as if he were going to say to me: “But who are you, you little simpleton? Have you imagined that I am meant for an unsubstantial, ignorant, sickly little thing like you?” (Sadly and humbly.)

Dol. Well, Carmen, if you don’t wish to make me angry, you will not talk such folly. A good woman is worth more than all the learned men of all the Academies. And if, as well as being good, she is pretty, then—then there’s an end, there is no man who is worthy of her. Men, with the exception of Lazarus, are either mean-spirited wretches or heartless devils. (In a rancorous tone.)

Car. Well, papa is very good, and is very fond of me.

Dol. Ah, yes—a very good person. But, if he had been so fond of you, he would have done better to give you stronger lungs.{51}

Car. But, poor man, how is he to blame? If God did not wish——

Dol. Ah! yes, that’s true. It is not Don Timoteo’s fault. It was God’s disposition that Carmen should have no more breathing powers than those of a little pigeon, and we must be resigned.

Car. Well, that’s what I say. But Lazarus is not coming. You’ll see that I shall have to go away before he comes. And, if he comes and sets to work, I shall be as little likely to see him to-night.

Dol. No; he has not written for some days. The excess of work has fatigued him. This constant thought is very wasting.

Car. But is he ill? (With great anxiety.)

Dol. No, child; fatigue, and nothing more.

Car. Yes; he is ill. I noticed that he was sad, preoccupied, but I thought, “There, it is that he does not love me, and he does not know how to tell me so.”

Dol. What things you imagine! Neither the one nor the other. My Lazarus ill! Do you think that if he had been so I would not have set in motion all the first medical faculty here, and in Madrid, and in foreign parts? In any way, however (somewhat uneasily), you are right; he is very late.

Car. Did he go to the theatre?

Dol. No, to dine with some friends.

Car. Did Javier go?

Dol. He went also.

Car. I am glad; Javier is very sensible.

Dol. So is Lazarus.

Car. I should think so; but a good friend is never superfluous, and Javier has admiration, affection, and respect for Lazarus.

Dol. (walking about impatiently). Still, it is getting late—very late.{52}

Carmenturns towards the balcony.

What are you going to do?

Car. Well, to watch and see if Lazarus is coming.

Dol. (drawing her away from the balcony). No, child; you don’t think of your poor chest, nor of that most obstinate cough of yours. Moreover, the night is very dark, usa tax free savings account you could see nothing. Come away, Carmen, come away; I’ll watch.

Car. If I can’t see, neither will you see——

Dol. I shall try.

Car. Wait; I think he is coming, and with Javier.

Dol. (listening). Yes—it’s true.

Car. Are they not coming in here?

Dol. No; they have gone straight to the room of Lazarus. But don’t be uneasy; as soon as he knows that you are here, us bank atm near me open now will come to see you.

Car. They call me juan they call me jose doubt he comes back thinking of some great scene for his drama, or of some chapter of that book which he is writing and which they say is going to be a miracle of genius, or of some very intricate problem. Ah! my God, whatever you may say, a man such as he cannot concern himself very much about an insignificant girl like myself.

Dol. Again!

Car. I know nothing, I am worth nothing, I am nothing. I? What am I fit for? Tell me. To stare at him like a blockhead while he is considering these great matters; to watch at the balcony and see if he is coming, although it may be cold, and Carmen coughs incessantly; to weep if he takes no notice of me, or if they tell me that he is ill. There is no doubt that little Carmen is capable of doing wonders. To look at him, to wait for him, to weep for him.

Dol. And what more can a woman do for a man?{53} To look at him always, to wait for him always, to weep for him always.

Car. And is that enough?

Dol. So much the worse for Lazarus if that should not be enough for him. But wait; he’s here now; did I not tell you? as soon as he knew you were here.

Car. (joyfully). It’s true. How good he is.


Jav. A pleasant evening, Doña Dolores; pleasant evening, Carmen.

Dol. A very good evening.

Car. And a very pleasant—but—Lazarus——

Dol. Is not Lazarus coming?

Car. Is he ill?

Dol. Ah! if he is ill, I must go there——

Jav. (stopping her). No, for God’s sake! What should make him ill? Listen to me. We and several friends have been dining with two writers from Madrid—people of our profession. We spoke of arts, of sciences, of politics, of philosophy, and of everything divine and human. We drank, we gave toasts, we made speeches, we read verses. You understand? And these things excite in an extraordinary way the nervous system of Lazarus.

Dol. And has anything gone wrong with him? My God!

Car. Go, Dolores—go!

Jav. For the sake of God in heaven, let me conclude. These things, I say, shake his nerves, and his imagination becomes on fire; it soon discovers luminous horizons; the ideas rush upon him precipitately. Could you take upon yourselves the burden of them? No; that which came with the fever of inspiration he wished to take advantage of, and for that {54}reason—precisely for that reason—he locked himself up in his room and sent me away.

Car. (sadly toDolores). Did I not say so? He would come—and to work.

Dol. Does he not know that Carmen is here?

Jav. They told us that on our entrance; but he pays attention to nothing, to nobody, when inspiration and glory and art cry aloud to him, “Come, we are waiting for you.”

Dol. However—— (Wishing to go.)

Car. No, for God’s sake! (Stopping her.) He must be allowed to work. If through me he should lose any of those grand ideas which now hover fondly about him, what pain and what remorse for me! Disturb him that he may come and speak to me? No, not so; I am not so selfish. I asked for nothing better. By no means can I consent. (EmbracesDolores; coughs and almost weeps.)

Dol. (with anxiety). What’s the matter with you?

Car. (affecting merriment). Nothing; it is only that I had begun to laugh and cough at the same time. I laughed because I was reminded of a tale—a very silly tale, which made me laugh, however, and which fits the case. You shall judge. There was a very sprightly little female donkey, which became enamoured of a most beautiful genius, who bore on his forehead a very red little flame, and had very white wings; and the bright genius, out of pure compassion, fondled the ears of the little donkey; and she, in accordance with her nature, began to leap for joy, and it overthrew the genius, clipped his wings, and he could fly no more. The blue of the firmament was cut off from the genius, and there was left to him nothing more than a very green meadow, a little female donkey who was very good, but who was, after{55} all, a donkey. No, mother, I don’t wish to be the heroine of the story. Let us allow the genius to fly.

Dol. (toJavier). See what a creature she is!

Jav. A criminal humility.

Dol. But, indeed, if you persist, we shall let him work.

Car. Don’t you think we might let him have this room free to himself? Here he has his books of predilection, and he has more room, and he can walk about; he has told me many times that he composes verses while walking about.

Dol. A good idea! Let us go to my sitting-room. (ToJavier.) Tell him that we abandoned the field to him, and that he may come without fear.

Jav. (laughing). Noble sacrifice!

Dol. But we’ll have to make up the fire; since we opened the balcony a while ago the room has become very cold. (Stirring the fire.)

Car. It’s true. But let him not receive the full heat. We must place the screen in front—so. (Places it.)

Dol. It is well—so.

Car. (going to the balcony and raising the curtain). Look—look! The sky has become a little cleared, and the moon has issued from the clouds. Very beautiful! Very beautiful! We must draw the curtain back, that Lazarus may see it all and be the more inspired. I know he likes to work while gazing towards the heavens from time to time.

Dol. (running to helpCarmen). You are right; you think of everything.

Jav. Well, if after so many precautions and such endearments the inspiration is not responsive, the inspiration of Lazarus is hard to please.

Car. Is everything ready now?{56}

Dol. I think so. Wait—your portrait is hidden in the shade. We must place it so that the lamp may throw light on it, so that he may be inspired by it also.

Car. I inspire him? Yes—yes! Take it away. (Wishing to remove it.)

Dol. I shall not allow it. Let it remain where I have put it, and let us go.

Car. If you insist—well, then let him see it. But there is not much light. (Turning up the light of the lamp.)

Dol. (toJavier). Call him—let him come.

Car. Yes, let him come and write something very beautiful. Then I shall enter for a moment, to bid him good-night.

Dol. Until then—come, Carmen.

Car. (toJavier). And you, too, leave him alone; you must not have any more privileges than we.

Dol. Are you coming to keep us company?

Jav. Later on.

Car. Is everything in order? (Looking round.)

Dol. I think so. Adieu.

Car. Adieu!

[Exeunt to leftCarmenandDolores, half embracing each other.

Jav. The field is clear. Poor women! How they love him! It is adoration. (Going to right.) Lazarus! Good-for-nothing! Now you can come—come, if you can!

EnterLazarus, pale, somewhat in disorder, and with unsteady
step; in short, as the actor may think fit

Laz. (looking about). Are they not here?

Jav. No; fortunately it occurred to them that you would work better alone.{57}

Laz. Well, whatever you say, I think that I am presentable. Eh? My head doesn’t feel bad—a delicious vagueness. I seem to be at&t call forwarding remotely by a mist—a very soft mist; and through its texture there shine some little stars. In short, peaceful sensations, very peaceful.

Jav. That’s to say, you are better?

Laz. Don’t I tell you so? My legs indeed give way, but without pain. I walk in the midst of softness. (Laughing.) My head among the clouds and the ground of cotton-wool. Divine! So ought the universe to be—that is, quilted. Lord! what a world has been made of it—so rough, so hard, so inconvenient. At every step you stumble and injure yourself—rocks, rugged stones, sharp points, peaks, angles, and little corners and big corners. The world should be round—quite so, and round it is; roundness is perfection; but it should be an immeasurable sphere of eider-down, so that, if a citizen falls, he may always fall amid softness—thus! (Letting himself fall in the arm-chair, or on one of the cushioned stools at the side of the table.)

Jav. All very well—but you really are not strong.

Laz. I am not strong? Stronger than you—stronger than you. Stronger.

Jav. I told you that you should not drink. It does you harm; your health is broken down.

Laz. I’m broken down? I?—How? I have not been a saint, but neither have I been a madman. I am young: I have always thought that I was strong: and, through drinking two or three glasses, and smoking a puro and laughing a little—here am I transformed into a stupid being! Because, now, it is not that I am broken down, as you say, nor that I am drunk, as you suppose—it is that I feel simply stupid.{58} No; and see, now, it is not so disagreeable to be stupid: one feels—a sort of merriment, as it were. That’s why so many people are merry. (Laughing.) That’s why! That’s why! Now I am falling into this same stupidity—that’s why, just so.

Jav. Attend to me, and understand what I say to you, if you are in a condition to understand me.

Laz. If I can understand you? I understand everything now. The world is transparent to me: your head is made of crystal (laughing), and written in very black and tortuous letters I read your thought—you suppose I am very bad. Poor Javier! (Laughing.)

Jav. Don’t talk such rubbish: I neither think such a thing, nor are you really ill. Fatigue, weariness—nothing more. You have lived very fast in Madrid during the last few years: you have thought much, you have worked much, you have had a good deal of pleasure, and you need a few months’ rest—here—in your father’s house, with your mother, with Carmen.

Laz. Carmen—yes—look at her. (Pointing to the photograph.) There she is. How sad, how poetical, how adorable a countenance. I wish to live for her. With all the glory that I achieve I shall make a circle of light for that dear, pretty little head. (Sends ally auto car loan kiss to the portrait.) We shall live together, you and I, my sweet little Carmen, and we shall be very happy. (As if speaking with her.) For I wish to live. (Growing excited and turning toJavier.) If I had never lived it would never have suggested is grated parmesan cheese bad for you to me that I should continue to live: but I have commenced, and I don’t wish to break off so soon. No—no—it shall not be—as God lives.

Jav. Come, Lazarus.

Laz. I am strong. Why should I not be so?{59} What right has nature to make of me a feeble creature when I wish to be strong? My thought burns, my heart leaps, my veins abound with the exuberance of life, my desires are aflame! To put steam of a thousand atmospheres into an old and rusty boiler! Oh! infamous mockery!

Jav. Eh! There you are, started off! What steam, or what boiler? The little glass of champagne.

Laz. A man like myself cannot be tormented with impunity. Here you have the world: it is yours: run merrily through its valleys, mount its summits in triumph! But you shall not run, you shall not mount, unless rheumatism is planted in your bones. Here you have the azure firmament: it is yours: fly among its altitudes, gaze upon its horizons. But you shall not fly except the plumage of your wings be wrenched away and you become a worm-eaten carcass. What derision! What satire! What cruelty! Accursed wine! What extravagant things I see, Javier! Colossal figures in masks float across the firmament, and, hung from very long strings, which are suspended from very long canes, they bear suns and splendours and stars, and they sweep onward crying, “Hurrah! hurrah!”[1] and I wish to reach all that, and I cannot touch even one little star with my lips. Grotesque, very grotesque! Cruel! very cruel! Sorrowful, very sorrowful! My God! My God! (He hides his face in his hands.)

Jav. Come, Lazarus, come. You see you cannot commit even the slightest excess.

Laz. I have uttered many follies, have I not? No{60} matter: no one hears me but you, and it’s a relief to me. See, now I am more composed. I feel tired, and I even think I am sleepy.

Jav. That would be best for you: sleep, sleep, and let neither your mother nor Carmen see you thus.

Laz. As for my mother, it would not matter. (Smiling.). But, Carmen—let not Carmen see me looking ridiculous. The poor girl who imagines that I am a superior being! Poor child, what a joke! (Stretches himself on the sofa.)

Jav. Good; now don’t speak. I shall not speak either; and try to sleep. With half an hour of sleep everything will pass off.

Laz. Sleep, too, is ridiculous at times. If I am very ridiculous don’t let Carmen see me.

Jav. No; if you don’t look as beautiful as Endymion she shall not enter.

Pause.Javierwalks about. Lazarusbegins to sleep.

Laz. Javier, Javier.

Jav. What?

Laz. Now I am—almost asleep. How do I look?

Jav. Very poetical.

Laz. Good—thank—you. Very poetical.

A pause.

Jav. No, Lazarus is not well. I shall speak to his father—no, not to Don Juan. To his mother, who is the only person of sense in this house.

Laz. Javier.

Jav. What do you want?

Laz. Put Carmen’s picture more to the front.

Jav. So?

Laz. So. For her—the light; for Lazarus—the gloom.{61}

Jav. (walking about slowly). Yes, I shall speak to his mother. And—happy coincidence! I had not remembered that the celebrated Doctor Bermudez, a specialist in all that relates to the nervous system, has arrived within the last few days. Then to him! let them consult with him.

Laz. (now almost asleep). Javier.

Jav. But are you not going to sleep?

Laz. Yes—but more in the light—more in the light. (With a somewhat sorrowful accent.)

Jav. Come (placing the portrait close to the light)—and silence.

Laz. Yes . Carmen!.

Jav. (contemplating him for a while.) Thank God—asleep.

Dolores, Carmen, Don Juan, andTimoteoappear at the threshold
of the door at the back centre

Car. May we come in?

Jav. Silence!

Car. It was to say good-night.

Jav. He is asleep. He worked a short time, but he was fatigued.

Car. Then let us not disturb him. Adieu, Javier. The light is in his eyes—you should lower the shade. Adieu. (KissingDolores.) Adieu, Don Juan.

Tim. (toDol.) Till to-morrow. (ToDon J.) Till to-morrow.

Juan. Nor shall we let to-morrow go by. I shall pay you a solemn visit—and prepare yourself, little rogue (toCarmen).

Car. I?

Juan. Silence, he is asleep.

Tim. Good, good. Ah! it is late. Good-bye.{62}

Dol. Good-bye, my daughter.

All have spoken in low voices.


Dol. (approachingJavier.) Did he work long?

Jav. A short time, but with great ardour. A great effort of intellect.

Juan (approaching also and contemplatingLazarus). Lord, to think of what this boy is going to be! The face foretells it. The aureola of talent!

Dol. He is very pale—very pale.

Juan. What would you have him to be? Fat as a German, and red as a beetroot? Then he would not be a genius.

Dol. However—such pallor!

JuanandDoloresare bent overLazaruscontemplating him with
affectionate care

Juan. I am decidedly the father of a genius, and then (toJavier) they come to me with——

Jav. With what?

Juan. With nothing. (Aside.) With moral sermons, and with the law of heredity, and with all that stale trash. The father a hare-brained fellow, and the son a wise man.

Dol. But has nothing been amiss with him? Was it nothing more than fatigue?

Jav. Nothing more. You may withdraw: I shall stay until he awakes.

Juan. I shall not withdraw. I was wanting nothing better. I shall sit down here (sitting at the other side of the table), and from here I shall watch the sleep of Lazarus. You remain on foot, in honour of uk phone country code from usa genius. Keep away, keep away from before him, that you may not prevent me from seeing my son.{63}

Dol. Yet the sleep is not very restful.

Juan. How should it be restful, woman, since he must be busied with great matters in his dreams?

Dol. My Lazarus.

Jav. (aside.) Poor Lazarus.

Juan (laughing quietly). Don Juan Tenorio—watching the sleep—of the son of Don Juan!—silence—silence—let’s see if we shall hear anything from the son of Don Juan. (With pride and tenderness.)



Same appointments as in first Act. It is day. On the little table are flowers.Don Juandiscovered seated close to the tea-table.Lazarusalso discovered. He sometime walks about; again he sits down: he tries to write, he throws away the pen. He opens a book and reads for a few moments, closes it irritably and resumes his walking about. It is evident that he is uneasy and nervous. All this in the course of the scene with his father.Don Juanfollows him with his eyes and smokes a puro.

Juan. What are you thinking of? Is grated parmesan cheese bad for you pardon! I must not disturb you.

Laz. You don’t disturb me, father. I was thinking of nothing important. My imagination was wandering, and I was wandering after it.

Juan. If you wish to work—to write—to read—and I trouble you I shall go. Ha, I shall go. (Rising.) Do you want me to go? for here I am going.

Laz. No, father, good gracious! You disturb me!

Juan (sitting down again). The fact is, as you see, that which I do can be done anywhere. It is in substance nothing. Well, for the performance of nothing any point of logo pnc el salvador is good. (Laughing.) Of space! There are your philosophical offshoots taking{65} root in me. The father in space, the son in the fifth heaven. That’s why I say if I disturb——

Laz. No, father, don’t go away; and let us talk of what you please.

Juan. Much good you’d get by talking with me. To your great books, to your papers, to those things which astound by their greatness and are admired for their beauty! Continue—continue! I shall see you at work. I, too, shall busy myself with something. (Pulls the bell.)

Laz. As you like. [Sits down and writes fitfully.


Juan. Little Teresa—(looking at his son and correcting himself.) Teresa, bring me a glass of sherry and a few biscuits; I also have to busy myself with something. And bring me the French newspapers; no, nothing but Figaro and Gil Blas. (To his son.) And so we shall both be at work. (ToTeresa.) Listen—by the way, bring me that novel which is in my room. You can read, can’t you?

Ter. Yes, señor.

Juan. Well, then, a book which says Nana—you understand?

Ter. Yes, señor. Ná-ná.—For no is ná.

Juan. It is something, little girl,—(aside) something that you will be in time. [ExitTeresa.

Laz. (Rises and walks about—aside). I have no ideas. To-day I have no ideas. Yes, I have many; but they come like a flight of birds; they flutter about—and they go.

Juan. See now—I cannot bear immoral novels.

Laz. You said .?

Juan. Nothing! I thought that you said something. I said that I cannot endure immoral novels. (Assuming{66} airs of austerity.) I read them, I read “Nana,” out of curiosity, as a study, but I can’t bear them. Literature is in a lost condition, my son, in a lost condition. Nemesio lent me that book—and I am anxious to have done with it.

Laz. Zola is a great writer. (Aside.) This is the very thing that I was looking for. (He sits and writes.)

EnterTeresawith a tray, a bottle of sherry, a glass and the
, “Nana” and the two newspapers.

Ter. Here is everything. The sherry: the newspapers just come, the tender little biscuits, and the tender little Nana (baby) as well. (She stands looking at the two gentlemen.)

Juan. Bring the sherry closer, Teresa.—Work, boy, work. Take no notice of me. Work, for it is thus that men attain success. I also in my youth have worked much. That’s the reason I look so old. (Staring atTeresawho laughs.) (Aside.) What’s that stupid girl laughing at?—(ToTeresa.) Now, you may go. I don’t want you. The Gil Blas! (Unfolds it and begins to read it.) Let us have a look at these wretched little newspapers. (affecting contempt.) I told you to go.—(ToTeresa.)—Let’s see, let’s see. (Reads.)

Ter. Yes, señor. (She remains for awhile looking at the two, and turns towards the door in the back centre.)

Laz. (rising). Teresa—

Ter. Señorito—

Laz. Come here and speak lower: let us not disturb your master, who is reading. Did you take the letter which I gave you this morning?

Ter. Yes, señorito, I took it myself. Whatever you require me to do, señorito!.{67}

Laz. Good. It was for Señor Bermudez, eh?

Ter. Yes, señorito. That doctor who has such a great name, who has come from Madrid for a few days to cure Don Luciano Barranco—the same who, they say, is either mad or not mad. (Laughing.)

Laz. (starting, then restraining himself). Ah! Yes. Quite so; the same. And did you see him? Did you hand him the letter? Did he give you the answer? Chase bank account number without check is it? Come, quick!

Ter. Eh, señorito—

Laz. Come—

Ter. I gave the letter: he was not in:—they said—

Laz. Lower—(Looking at his father who laughs while reading the newspaper.)

Ter. They said that as soon as he came back they would give him the letter. Have no fear, señorito. Whatever little I take charge of! Well, if I do nothing worse than—

Laz. It’s well—thanks. (Dismissing her, then recalling her.) Oh! if they bring the answer—here on the instant—eh?

Ter. On the instant: I should think so! have no fear, señorito.

Laz. Enough! let us not trouble my father.


Juan. Ha! ha! ha! Facetious, very facetious! sprightly, very sprightly! Pungent as a capsicum from the Rioja! It is the only newspaper that one can read!

Laz. Some interesting article? What is it? What does it say? Let me see! (Approaching and stretching out his hand.)

Juan (keeping back the newspaper). A very shameless little article—and quite without point. It must{68} be put away. (Puts it in a pocket of his dressing-gown, but in such a way that it may be seen.) May the devil not so contrive things that Carmen may come and find the newspaper and read it in all innocence.

Laz. (withdrawing). It is true: you do well! (Walks about nervously.)

Juan (aside). And I had not finished reading it: I shall read it afterwards. (Takes up “Nana.”) This also is good. The spring with all its verdure. (Aloud.) Work, boy, work!

Laz. (aside). I shall speak to the Doctor this very day, that he may set my mind at ease. I know that nothing is the matter with me; but I want a specialist to assure me on the point. And then, with mind at peace—to my drama, to my critico-historical work, to my æsthetic theories which are new, completely new—and to Carmen. And with the muse at one side, recounting marvels in my ear, and with Carmen on the other geico car insurance pay bill, pressed against my heart—to enjoy life, to inhale the odour of triumphs, to live for love, to satiate my longings amidst eternal mysteries.

Juan. Stupendous! Monumental! Sufficient to make one die of laughing. Lord, why does a man read? To be amused; then books that are amusing for me! (Laughing.)

Laz. Is that a nice book?

Juan (changing his tone). Pshaw—yes—pretty well. But these frivolous things are tiresome after all. (SeesLazaruscoming towards him, and puts “Nana” into the other pocket of the dressing-gown.) Have you anything solid to read—really substantial?

Laz. I have many large books. What class do you want?{69}

Juan. Something serious; something that instructs you, that makes you think.

Laz. (going to the bookcase). Would you like something of Kant?

Juan. Of Kant? Do you say of Kant? Quite so! he was my favourite author. When I was young I went to sleep every night reading Kant. (Aside.) What will that be? It sounds like a dog.

Laz. (searching out a passage). If you like, I shall tell you.

Juan. No, my lad; any part whatever! (Taking the book.) Yes, this may be read septa key card reload any part. You shall see. And don’t concern yourself with me; write, my son, write.

Lazarussits and attempts to write. Don Juanreads.

“Under the aspect of relationship, the third consequence of taste, the beautiful appears to us as the final form of an object, without representation of end.” The devil! (holding the book far off, as long-sighted people do and contemplating it with terror.) The devil! “or as a finality without end.” Whoever can understand this? “Because what is called final form is the causality of any conception whatever with relation to the object.” Let me see—let me see. (Holding the book still further off.) “Final form the causality.” I believe I am perspiring. (Wipes his forehead.) “The consciousness of this finality without end is the play of the cognitive forces.” How does they call me juan they call me jose say that? “The play of the forces—the play.” Well, I ought to understand this about play. “The consciousness of this internal causality is that which constitutes the æsthetic pleasure.” If I go on it will give me a congestion. Jesus, Mary and Joseph!{70} And to think that Lazarus understands about the finality without end, the causality and the play of the cognitive forces! God help me! What a boy!—(continues reading.) “The principle of the formal convenience of nature is the transcendental principle of the force of Judgment.” (Giving www prudential com online retirement com blow on the table.) I shall be lost if I continue reading. But if that boy reads these things he will go mad.

Laz. Does it interest you?

Juan. Very much! What depth! (Aside.) For five minutes I have been falling, and I have not reached the bottom. (Aloud.) I should think it does interest me! But, frankly, I prefer—

Laz. Hegel?

Juan. Exactly. (Aside)—“Nana.” But you, my son, neither read, nor write: you are fretful. What’s the matter with you? Did the hunting tire you? Yet the exercise of the chase is very healthy for one who like you wears himself away over his books. Are you ill?

Laz. No, señor, I am not ill. And I spent these three days in the country very pleasantly. But this morning broke dull and rainy, and I said—“Home!”

Juan. And you arrived when I was getting up. I told you the great news; immediately you showed great delight; but then you fell into sublime preoccupations. Poor Carmen! (approaching him with an air of secrecy.) You don’t love her as she loves you.

Laz. With all my soul! More than you can imagine! I am as I am: reserved, untamed, unpolished—but I know how to love!

Juan. Better and better! The poor little thing—come, now—the poor little thing.

Laz. And why did not Don Timoteo answer on{71} the spot that he accepted? When you asked him for his daughter for me, why did he hesitate?

Juan. What do you mean by hesitation? I do him the honour of requesting the hand of Carmen for my Lazarus—and he would hesitate! I should strangle the scarecrow. Marry a man like you! What more could any daughter or any father desire?

Laz. Then why did he put off the answer till to-day?

Juan. The they call me juan they call me jose of etiquette: social conventionalities: he was always a great stickler for etiquette. Because he must consult with Carmen. Imagine him consulting with Carmen! When the poor little thing is like a soul in purgatory, and you are her heaven.—Ha! ha!

Laz. You are right.

Juan. No: you shall have your sweet little wife, your home; you shall work hard, you shall gain great glory, you shall keep a sound judgment—and let the whole world say: Don Lazarus Mejia, son of Don Juan Mejia! Oh!

Laz. Yes, señor: I shall do what I can—and I shall love my Carmen dearly.

Juan. That’s right—that’s right. But something’s the matter with you. You seem as it were absent-minded.

Laz. I am thinking—of my drama.

Juan. Then I shall go! decidedly I shall go! With my insipid chatter I prevent you from thinking. Oh! thought! the—the—(looking at the book) “the cognitive forces”—the—the—(looking again) “the finality”—that’s it—“the finality.”—Ah!—Good-bye.

Laz. But don’t go away on my account.

Juan. We must show respect to the wise. (Laughing.) I am going to read all alone the great book{72} which you have lent me. (Taking a flower and putting it in the buttonhole of his dressing-gown.) Consider now, whether I shall hesitate between Kant and “Nana.” (Pulls the bell.)

Laz. As you please.

Juan. Good-bye, my son. To your drama—to your drama—and put nothing immoral in it.


Ter. Señor.—

Juan. Listen, Teresa: take all that to my room. Wait—(Pours himself out a glass. Touching one pocket.) Here is Gil Blas, (touching) here is “Nana”: Kant hauled along by the neck—and to my room. Work, my boy, work! Do something great. Leave something to the world. I shall leave you—I think—(drinking the glass of wine.) Well, this finality—has an end. To work—to work?—Good-bye. Lord, what a Lazarus this is! To my room with all that, little Teresa.

[Exit carrying in one pocket Gil Blas, in the other “Nana,” in
his buttonhole the flower, and gripped very hard the volume of

Laz. Teresa, they have brought no letter for me?

Ter. (preparing to remove the wine and the biscuits). No, señor.

Laz. Patience: you did not tell my mother I had written to that Señor de Bermudez.

Ter. No, señor.

Laz. Has my mother got up?

Ter. Got up, indeed! Before you returned first bank business ebanking login morning from hunting, Doña Dolores had already gone to call for the Señorita Carmen that they might go to Mass together.

Laz. Good.{73}

Ter. And I don’t know how she rose so early, nor how she found courage to go out.

Laz. Why?

Ter. Because last night she was very ill: very ill indeed.

Laz. (starting up). My mother!

Ter. Yes, señor. I say that it must have been the nerves. How she cried: how she twisted her arms! Indeed I wanted to send an express messenger for you to come back at once.

Laz. Ah! my God, my poor mother! and why was I not informed? I would have mounted on horseback; and in one hour—here.

Ter. Because the señora would not have it so. “Silence, not a word to anybody,” so she said, and an order from liberty casino mobile login is an order.

Laz. But how is it possible? My father said nothing to me!

Ter. He was not informed: he went to the theatre, afterwards to the Casino with Don Timoteo and Don Nemesio; he returned late, and as the señora had given orders—“to nobody”—nothing was said to him; and he knew nothing.

Laz. But how was it? Why was it? She who is never ill!

Ter. I don’t know. The señora dined early and alone. Afterwards she went out. She came back at ten o’clock: she could scarcely enter her room, and immediately fell to the ground—just like a tower that falls.

Laz. My God! my God! And you never informed me!

Ter. Well, I am informing you now. And in spite of what she said, “not a word.” But as to you—for your sake! Oh! when it concerns you, señorito. (Lazarus{74}pays no attention to her.) But don’t be distressed: this morning already she was so strong and so well: yes, really, very pale and with such dark circles round the eyes! but so strong. We women are thus: now we are dying and afterwards we revive: we go back to death and again we return to life.

Laz. You mean that now she is well? But entirely well?

Ter. Don’t I tell you she is as well as could be? Let your mind rest, señorito.

Lazarus, very much agitated, has been walking about.

Laz. Good, good, if it has already passed off—in short, when my mother returns, tell me.

Ter. You have no other orders?

Laz. No. (A bell rings several times.) My father is calling: go, go quickly. The vibrating of the bell makes me nervous.

Ter. I must take away this. (Takes up the trays.)

Laz. (the bell continues ringing). Take it away quickly for pity’s sake.

Ter. On the instant; what a hurry that good gentleman is in!

Laz. And if they bring the answer from Señor de Bermudez.

Ter. Immediately afterwards. (The bell continues.) I am coming, I am coming. (She says this without calling aloud, as if to herself.)


Laz. (alone). What she has told me about my poor mother has unstrung all my nerves. I am not well. Bah! I am not ill. How Doctor Bermudez will laugh at me when I consult him. The fact is that I am very apprehensive; but I feel strong: Javier{75} says to me every moment: “My boy, don’t strut about on your heels so much.” Steady; so, steady. (He walks about, treads with his heels and laughs.) I know now what’s the matter. I am very happy and I have a horrible dread of losing so much happiness. Very happy. (Counting on his fingers.) My father and mother, so good; Carmen, who adores me; I, who am raving about her; glory, which calls me; I who answer, “Forward, Lazarus”; my eyes, which are my own and are never satiated with drinking in light and colours; my thought, which is mine, and which does not tire of originating wonders; my life, which is mine, and which desires to live more, to live more—yes, more! (A pause.) They say that life is dull, that it is mournful. Apple pay on amazon app Has anything better been discovered? Is it better to be stone which has no nerves to quiver with delight? Is it better to be water which always runs in headlong stupidity without knowing where it goes? Tarrant county probate clerk it better to be air to blow without motive and to fill itself with the foulest earth and dust? No, it is better to be Lazarus. (Resumes the counting on his fingers.) For Lazarus has very good parents; he has Carmen; he has glory; he has life; and he has, above all, thought, reason! Ha! I have all this: I have it: what remains to be done if I have it! (Sits down in a somewhat cowering manner.) It is evident—because all this is so good, and because I have it, I am afraid to lose it. I am as terrified as a little child; at times it seems to me that I am a little child, and I am seized with impulses to run to my mother and wrap myself round in her skirt. A man who almost understands Kant and Hegel; who writes dramas which are very well received, yes, señor, very well received; who meditates transcendental works. A man, in every{76} sense a man, who has fought duels in Madrid, and has had a little love affair or so—(laughing)—and very pleasant too: the practical reason, not of Kant but of Zola, which turns the Pure Reason of Kant into ridicule and makes even the good matron laugh. Well then, this formidable Lazarus at times is a child, and he would like his mother to embrace him and to buy him toys! To be a child, yes; all the same it is good to be a child. Nay. I should like it. (Laughing.) But what absurdities! Lord, what absurdities! (Remains cowering in his chair, thinking and laughing very low.)


Ter. Señorito, a gentleman has given me this card.

Laz. (as if awaking). A gentleman? Let me see—Doctor Bermudez! But why has he put himself to inconvenience? I would have gone to him. Let him come in. Let him come in. Quick, woman, let him come in. (ExitTeresa.) With this man I must have much prudence, much composure, much calm. If he had heard the nonsense that I was talking! What a terror!

Teresa. (re-entering and announcing). Señor de Bermudez.



Berm. Señor Don Lazarus Mejia?

Laz. Your servant—very much your servant—one who is grieved to the heart for having troubled a person such as you. A man of eminence—a man of knowledge. (With much courtesy, but endeavouring to restrain himself.)

Berm. Not so—not so—I received your letter.

Laz. Indeed, it was not meant that you should give yourself any trouble. I begged you to be good{77} enough to appoint a time for me and I should have gone to your house. But take a seat. I cannot allow you to remain standing an instant longer. Sit down! (Making him sit down.) Here—no—here—you will be better here.

Berm. Many thanks. You are very amiable! (Takes a seat.)

Laz. I don’t know whether I am entitled to sit down in the presence of a man like yourself; a national glory! (Commands himself so that his accent is natural: perhaps however he errs a little by excess of courtesy.)

Berm. For goodness’ sake!

Laz. A man of European fame!

Berm. You overwhelm me. I don’t deserve—(Aside.) He is very engaging, this young man. They were right in Madrid to say that he has www prudential com online retirement com of ability.

Laz. You don’t deserve it? Ah! in the mouth of a celebrity like Doctor Bermudez, modesty will always have a voice, but it has no vote.

Berm. Señor de Mejia. (Aside.) How well he speaks!

Laz. Don’t treat me ceremoniously. I am not deserving of so much solemnity. “Señor de Mejia”! (Laughing.) Call me Lazarus. I really don’t deserve anything better; treat me as a master might a pupil. I dare not say as a kind friend would treat a respectful friend.

Berm. As you please. It will be an honour for me! (Aside.) Very engaging, very engaging!

Laz. Well, I repeat that I am sorry at heart for having given you this trouble.

Berm. Not at all. I already told your mother last night that if at any other time she required me, or if{78} she wished by any further suggestions to make me amplify my opinion, I was unconditionally at her orders. A card saying to me “Come,” and I should come instantly. And so it is that on receiving the letter this morning—as you may imagine—I said, “I must place myself at the feet of that lady, and I must personally become acquainted with her son, a national glory of the future, one who is destined to have a European renown.”

Laz. Señor de Bermudez! (Repudiating the honour with a gesture. Aside.) My mother—last night—what does he say? (Commanding himself, then aloud.) So my mother went last night—to see you—because——

Berm. Yes, señor, she has already explained everything to me. That you were out hunting, and that you did not mean to return this week; that she had been informed that I was going back to Madrid this day, and that she had been anxious to consult me without the loss of a moment concerning the illness of that poor young man—a cousin or a nephew, or a relative—I think he is a nephew of your mother, whose name she said was—Don Luis—Don Luis——

Laz. Quite so—a nephew. You have it. (Smiling. Then aside.) What’s this? What relative is that? Why, it is not true. God of Heaven! (Aloud.) A nephew—that’s it. To whom God does not give sons, the devil,—— (Laughing.) Yes, but she also has me—her Lazarus, her son!

Berm. And she must be proud.

Laz. Señor de Bermudez, have compassion on a beginner. But I wish you to explain to me what you had the kindness to explain to my mother; because ladles—don’t understand much about medical science{79}—and though I understand just as little of it, nevertheless——

Berm. Quite so; it is a speciality.

Laz. A speciality, that’s it; it is a speciality. And moreover, I know that young man more intimately—poor Luis! And I can supply you with fresh particulars.

Berm. Oh! those of your mother were very precise. She has a keenly observant mind.

Laz. Very much so; don’t you describe it well! A keenly observant mind. (Aside.) My God!—my mother—and on her return home—her weeping—what does this man say?

Berm. Altogether it would be better that I should see the poor young man; but should that not be possible——

Laz. I should think it is possible, and that would be the best. You shall see him. I myself will take him to you—to your house. Yes, señor, to your house; yes, señor.

Berm. That will do perfectly. That was what I said to your mother, but she told me in reply that so long as things don’t come to an extremity, families require to consider. I understand and I impute no blame.

Laz. Nothing of the kind. Now, at this very moment you shall come with me to see that—that poor young man. A man like you! Why, there’s no difficulty about it.

Berm. (rising). Then I await your orders.

Laz. Allow me, my friend, my dear friend: first of all I should like—I beg of you to tell me what my mother explained to you and what was your opinion; because, although she related everything to me this morning, I should be glad to hear it from your lips.{80} One learns everything by listening to such a man as Doctor Bermudez. (In a persuasive tone.) I am so anxious that you should speak, and that I should hear you. Indeed, it has been the dream of my existence. Speak, speak.

Berm. Dear Lazarus. (Aside.) I have fascinated him, decidedly. (Aloud.) Your mother explained to me with great lucidity all the antecedents of the patient: his sufferings when a child, his character, his studies, his excitable imagination, the first symptoms of the illness, a fainting attack, another more violent.

Laz. (somewhat drily). All that I know already. Go on. (With extreme cordiality.) Go on, my dear Bermudez.

Berm. The doctor is rather like a confessor, and your mother did not object to letting me know of the youthful days of the father—of the father of the young man.

Laz. Ah! his youthful days—yes—his youthful days—yes—yes—and what else?

Berm. His vicious conduct; his unbridled libertinism——

Laz. (excitedly). Libertinism! (Controlling himself.) Yes. (With a forced laugh.) Follies of youth. A lady always exaggerates these things. I have not been a saint myself; neither have you. Doctor, doctor, you with all your science and all your gravity. God knows. God knows! Oh! these doctors! (Giving him a slap on the back.) And what more?

Berm. (laughing). We are mortals and sinners, friend Lazarus.

Laz. And we take for fine gold little lenses of talc. Come, come to the talc.

Berm. Thus stands the case—that that good{81} gentleman, the father of the patient, reached the age of gravity, and he was not a steady man, and he did not correct his faults. His wife seems to have suffered very much. Is all this exact which your mother told me? Because if it is exact it must be taken into account. That’s the reason I ask.

Laz. (aside). My head! Oh my head! (Succeeds in commanding himself, and speaks naturally. Aloud.) See, doctor, those are details of which I know nothing. But if my mother told you so, it will be true. My mother is a superior spirit, a most pure soul, a mother beyond comparison. But let us not speak of the mother, only of the son, that’s to say of the son of the other mother. Therefore let’s see, let’s see. What more did she tell you?

Berm. That to prevent the son from becoming fully acquainted with the disorders of the father—because the boy, naturally, was growing up, the mother had to send him to a college in France.

Laz. (aside). It is I. It is I! Ah! ah! Calm! let me be calm!

Berm. What do you say?

Laz. Nothing. I laugh at those family tragedies—the father a madcap, and the son,—— And as you fill me with such respect—and as the subject is so sad—I should not have presumed to laugh. Ah! Señor de Bermudez, what a world this is!—what a world this is! Come, come. (Growing calm.) Yes, señor, the history, so far as I know, is entirely correct. Then they sent him to study in Madrid—that unfortunate, unfortunate youth: but, look you, not so unfortunate—for he went through his course with distinction.

Berm. Quite so, and the father remained always the same.{82}

Laz. (somewhat harshly). Let us not speak of the father. And why? Because the son is now launched on the world; then let us leave out of the question the other. (Recollecting himself.) Ah! pardon me. I love my father so much, I respect him so much, that those words which you have uttered have caused me much pain, much pain. A weakness I confess; a man of science does not know those weaknesses; but we poets are thus. You—you raise yourselves above the level of human miseries. The eagle soars alike—eh? above the peak of granite with its robe of frost—eh? and over the infected puddle—or the mire—the mire—eh? But we are not all as Doctor Bermudez? (Grasping his hand.)

Berm. I respect your delicacy: but science is implacable. A father who has consumed his life in vice——

Lazarusretreats in his chair.

Who has wallowed with all the energies of his nature in the mire of riot, who has heated his blood in the embers of all impure fires—runs the danger of transmitting to his son nothing but the germs of death or the germs of madness!

Lazarusrecoils more and more.

And I tell you, as I told your mother last night, without prejudice to the rectification of my opinion when I have examined the patient, that if the description which you have given me is exact—and I conclude that it is——

Laz. It is. What then?

Berm. Ah! the springs of life cannot be corrupted with impunity. The Son of that father will very soon sink into madness or into idiocy. A madman or an idiot: such is his fate!{83}

(He says this without looking round, with solemnity,
like one who pronounces a sentence: gazing forward and motioning with his arm
Lazarus. The latter cowers in his chair and looks at
Bermudezwith horror.)

Laz. Ah! No! What? My father! I! A lie! A lie! It is a lie! (Hides his face in his hands.)

Berm. What’s this? Lazarus! Señor de Mejia! Are you ill? What do you say? (Rising and approachingLazarus.) I don’t understand! Can it be? What?

Laz. That I am the madman? Silence! That I am the idiot? Silence! That I am such—I? Look at me well: study me well: strengthen your judgment: meditate, examine, give sentence!

Bermudezstanding, Lazarusseated and clutching
the doctor by the arm

Berm. But this is not fair, Señor de Mejia! This is not just! By God—by the Holy God!

Laz. Fairness, justice, in a man such as I? Bermudez, Bermudez, I did wrong, I confess—(with a mixture of courtesy, sadness, and some sarcasm)—An idiot who presents his most humble excuses to a wise man! Be generous, pardon me.

Berm. You have not understood me. I am sorry for you, Lazarus, because I have given you—a shock—a bad time of it, without cause—believe me, without any cause. God help me, these dramatic authors—no, one is not safe with them! (Wishing to turn the matter off with a laugh.)

Laz. Let us be calm, let us be calm. I want the truth; there still remains to me some glimmer of reason, and I can understand what you say to me. Ha! the truth—Bermudez, the truth! It is the last truth that{84} I can understand, and I wish to enjoy it. (Rising.) Out with it! I still understand—yes—still!

Berm. Friend Lazarus! By all the saints of the heavenly court!——

Laz. No, I still keep my senses; I shall explain to you all that has passed. My mother, pretending to inquire about another, inquired about me; I, pretending to be interested on another’s account, was interested on my own, and a poor mother and a lost wretch have between them cajoled a wise man. Ah! cajoled—no: pardon. We wished to know the truth—nothing more; but as the truth is treacherous, it is necessary at times to drag it forth by treason. I humbly beg that you will pardon us—my mother—and myself.

Berm. I tell you that I cannot recover from my surprise; that I am cut to the heart for having spoken with such levity. I have already told you that my opinion was haphazard—quite haphazard—without examination of the patient. (Seeking where to go.)

Laz. Well, here is the patient. Don’t I tell you that I am the man? Oh, have no fear: I am a man capable of looking face to face upon death, and of answering the grimace of madness with another grimace even more grotesque. While a heart remains to me, the head will obey.

Berm. For God’s sake, calm yourself. All this is not serious.

Laz. I am perfectly calm; I am still master of myself. Sit down. (Makes him take a seat.) Let us talk quietly. Tell me all, but in a low voice, that my mother may not know; that she may not know. And of my father, not a word! Of my father—no, enough—nothing! I have been a madman in Madrid, so that the madness is mine. It is all mine! Oh! you deny{85} that it is all mine? That is not right, Señor de Bermudez. Take to yourself the accusation that it is not right. You deny me my own reason, and you even wish to deprive me of my own madness, saying—saying—that my father—silence! Well, my reason may not belong to me: patience! But my madness belongs to me; I swear to you that it belongs to me, and I shall defend it—I shall defend it, Bermudez! (Advances upon the physician. Then restrains himself.) And now, let us talk soberly of myself—of my suffering.

Berm. Señor de Mejia, dear Lazarus—as for what I told you a while since, it was purely hypothetical; now that I know you, I modify my opinion in every point.

Laz. (with a mocking smile). Indeed? By God, Señor de Bermudez, that I am a madman we’ll let pass; but I am not yet an idiot.

Berm. By God, Señor de Mejia, I am sure that I shall go out of this house either an idiot or a madman!

Laz. When do you calculate that I shall suffer the decisive attack—the last: that of eternal night; that which surrounds us with blackness for ever? How easily it is known that I have been a poet, eh? Eternal night, eternal blackness! Is it not true? However, say—when? What term do you allow me? A year? three months? or is it immediately? Candidly. You see, now, that I still hear, and understand, and even speak poetically. Eternal blackness, eternal night! However, let me know—let me know. A year, eh?

Berm. It is readily perceived that you are a poet. You plunge into the regions of phantasy. You see, your nervous system is shaken, somewhat shaken. I{86} don’t deny it; but I make myself responsible for your cure; do you want more?

Laz. We are coming to the point. As for my cure, I am ready to believe that. But the decisive attack—when? I have such a feeling these few days past, that I think it will be very soon.

Berm. Ravings, ravings! these are ravings.

Laz. Precisely. Ah! you have said it—ravings. Come, an effort. Will it be to-morrow, will it be to-day?

Berm. Neither to-day, nor to-morrow, nor within twenty years, if you keep your senses.

Laz. If I keep my senses! You are ingenious. “I shall not lose my senses if I keep my senses.” Naturally.

Berm. A good sign: now we are joking.

Laz. Yes, I am very quiet. At first I felt a wave of blood roll through my brain; then a wave of ice, which spread through all my being. And now—well—quiet—tired, a little tired, nothing more.

Berm. Good; then take a rest, put your mind at ease; and before my setting out for Madrid I shall return. I have to convince you——

Laz. I am convinced! Oh, my God! I don’t wish to keep you any longer, I have sufficiently abused your kindness.

Berm. (making a movement to withdraw). Then if you will permit me——

Laz. Yes, señor, assuredly (accompanying him). And don’t have any ill-will towards me.

Berm. Good God—no; however, my friend——

Laz. (detaining him). One moment! (In his ear.) When?

Berm. Some other time.

Laz. No; the one thing that I wish you to tell me,{87} is this: “Lazarus, there is no hope; the attack will be next month, or next week, or to-morrow, or to-night, or this very hour,” in short, when must it be? This is the only thing you have to tell me: I ask no more.

Berm. But how can you have me knowingly utter nonsense?

Laz. (energetically). Because you have the inevitable power of telling me the truth; however sharp, however bitter, however mournful, it may be, you must tell it to me. It is a question of honour, of life or death. Now you shall understand me. (In a low voice in the doctor’s ear.) I love, I adore Carmen; our wedding has been arranged: it will take place in a short time—within fifteen days. And now, answer me: Can I, in conscience, without being guilty of infamy, can I bind the existence of Carmen to my existence—to the existence of an idiot?

Berm. What a question!

Laz. If you are a man of honour—&mdash. What, go away without answering me? Well, the way is free to you (withdrawing from him). Oh! I’ll not detain you.

Berm. By God, Lazarus——

Laz. But reflect, that through the cowardice of a moment, through not having spoken to me as one man speaks to another man—for I still am a man—you are about to do great mischief. Because if you don’t say to me, “Renounce,” I shall not renounce Carmen; I shall embrace her and drag her down with me to the abyss.

Berm. You see that I can do no more.

Laz. You see that love is life—the oil of life which propagates itself. And what will be our posterity? Come, say it, boldly. A swarm of neurotics, of idiots,{88} of lunatics, perhaps of criminals. A common sewer hurrying on to death the wrecks of humanity. In candour, in honesty, say it.

Berm. Oh! what a head! Indeed, if you continue thus, I assure you that you will go mad.

Laz. By the memory of your mother, by the honour of your family, by the happiness of your children, by the sacred duty of your profession, by your conscience as an upright man, by your God, by piety, by compassion——, if you had a daughter would you allow her to marry me?

Berm. To-day? No! (Wishes to continue.)

Laz. Enough! nor to-morrow either. Enough—never—thank you. My sentence! Carmen, Carmen! (Falls on the sofa.)

Berm. Lazarus—for God’s sake—you did not allow me to finish. Lazarus! What a creature! Listen to me. I must call. (Pulls the bell.) He is losing his wits—Lazarus! (The bell.) Eh! Here! (going to the door.)

EnterDoloresandDon Juan.

Berm. Señora!

Dol. (running to him). Bermudez!

Juan (toBermudez). My Lazarus!

Dol. (toBermudez). My boy!

Juan. But what is this? Lord, what is this?

Laz. (rising). Nothing. We called—they did not appear. We continued to call—and you have come. And I called because I wished to introduce you to my kind friend, Doctor Bermudez. My mother (introducing her); you already know each other. Is it not true that you know each other?

Dol. My son!{89}

She andLazarusembrace.

Laz. (toBermudez). Don’t be surprised. As I was hunting a whole week—and as we did not see each other on my return—we were embracing.

Berm. It’s natural.

Laz. My father (introducing him). I have already seen my father this morning, that’s why I don’t embrace him. (Juanlooks at him imploringly.) However, that you may not imagine I love him less than my mother, I shall embrace him likewise. Father!

Juan. Lazarus! (Embracing him.) Closer to me! closer! so! (ToDolores, aside.) You see, Dolores, you see? He has such strength; he has nearly squeezed the breath out of me. It’s all folly what you have been telling me.

Dol. Yes—quite true—folly.

Juan (toBermudez). What’s this boy suffering from?

Berm. Nothing: in substance, nothing.

Juan (toDol.). Are you listening? What a head you have!

Laz. Make your minds easy. Delicate—slightly delicate. Don’t be cast down, mother.

Dol. (caressing him). Lazarus, my son, my Lazarus!

Juan (approachingLazaruswith envy). And must I be cast down or not? Oh, it matters little whether or not I be cast down.

Laz. Neither must you be down-hearted, father. There is no cause. I am perfectly well; let Bermudez tell you. And I am going to work for a while (with anguish), because I can do no more (restraining himself)—I can do no more with this idleness, eh? And with the regimen that you have prescribed for me{90}—and by following your advice—within a short time you shall see—the resurrection of Lazarus! Good-bye, Bermudez; my own mother, father and señor—illustrious doctor—note that phrase—that phrase—the resurrection of Lazarus. Ah! for this Lazarus there is no resurrection.


Juan (toBermudez). Speak, by Christ crucified! I know that it is nothing—but I wish you to speak. Come, my Lazarus—what? Why does this woman say such things? Jesus, Jesus, what a woman! You have always been the same. (ToBermudez.) Don’t speak lightly—these are very important matters. However, come! let me know, let me know!

Berm. Señor Don Juan, you understand——

Dol. Have you changed your opinion?

Berm. Substantially it remains unchanged.

Dol. My God! my God! (Throws herself sobbing on a chair.)

Berm. But we must have a little calmness; Señora, for God’s sake.

Juan. Calm? I should think so; since what you two say is impossible: then nothing else was required. As if this could do no more than come down upon a genius like Lazarus—and all in a moment. If it were I—good, because I—Señor de Bermudez—I may be puffed off any day; but Lazarus, Lazarus, consider well what you say, for these things are very important. And they must be thought over deliberately. Very important—very important indeed.

Berm. You are right, Don Juan. And now, you’ll both excuse me, I am deeply affected—and I could not co-ordinate two ideas.

Juan (aside, to his wife). Are you listening? He could not co-ordinate two ideas. I say, I say, why did I trust to him!{91}

Berm. Later on—to-morrow—some other day—I shall have the pleasure of paying my compliments to you and of seeing Lazarus. Now, permit me to retire.

Dol. (rising and hurrying towards him). But you are not yet going back to Madrid? No, for God’s sake!

Berm. No, señora. I shall remain here fifteen or twenty days longer.

Dol. Then, come again; come again, I implore you!

Juan. Yes; come again.

Berm. Yes, señor, I shall come again.

Dol. To-morrow?

Juan. If you gave a little look in to-night—eh? You could take coffee with us. I have some sherry——

Berm. To-night I cannot. I shall come to-morrow.

Dol. To-morrow, then, Bermudez. (Accompanying him.) Save my son!

Juan. See you to-morrow, Señor de Bermudez. And have a care what you do with my Lazarus!

Berm. Till to-morrow, then, Señora. (Pressing her hand.) And my dear señor.

Doloresfalls on a chair: Juanwalks homes for sale south county st louis mo realtor com with
difficulty, but with an air of great vigour

Juan. This man does not know what he’s talking about. You have now heard him; he can’t co-ordinate two ideas. How simple we are! What, and do people lose their talents and lose their heads as one might lose a hat? Here, I got rid of my hat, and thus got rid of my head? Bah, bah! Idiots are what they are from infancy. Nor do I say idiots only—fools have been fools all through life; there is nobody more consistent than a fool. But as to a man of genius! Oh! Genius! Tut, absurdities of doctors!{92} He to pronounce judgment on my Lazarus! He who can’t co-ordinate two ideas—on Lazarus, who is as familiar with the “finality without end” as he is with the Our Father! Come, answer. Am I right?

Dol. Would to God it might be so!

Juan. But don’t you think it is false—all that that buffoon has told us?

Dol. (with desperation). And if it were true? If it were true? What then? Then, why was I born? (Advancing uponDon Juan, who retreats.) My illusions lost through you! My youth blighted through you! My dignity sneered at through you! After twenty years of sacrifices in order to be deserving of my Lazarus—good for him! loyal for him! honourable for him! And to-day? No. You have always been a wretch: but this time you are right. Impossible! Impossible! God could not let it be so.

Juan. Well, I have been a wretch—there’s no getting over it. But do not call to mind all that—and above all, don’t speak of it. Say that you forgive me—forgive me, Dolores.

Dol. What does it matter to you—my forgiveness?

Juan. It matters to us both. If you don’t pardon me, and at the same time God purposes to chastise me, and chastises me in my Lazarus—“He might have been a genius, here you have in him an idiot.” These things are very serious. Come come, don’t say that.

Dol. What things you do say! You, too, talk at random. No matter—under such circumstances. I pardon you with all my heart.

Juan. Thank you, Dolores. Thus we are more secure.{93}

Dol. (clinging to him). But help me to save Lazarus.

Juan. With my whole soul. Though I had to give up for him all the life that remains to me.

Dol. Give your life! Ha! what life have you? All the life that God first granted you, you should give him.

Juan. Dolores!

Dol. Ah! it’s true. I had pardoned you. I shall not recall my word. But what are we to do?

Juan. Take him to Madrid, that the best known physicians may see him.

Dol. Well thought of!

Juan. And then to Paris. We shall consult all the eminent men.

Dol. Quite so. Then to Germany.

Juan. And to England. The English know a great deal. Bah! there is plenty of science dispersed throughout the world.

Dol. Then we shall collect it all for Lazarus.

Juan. Without fail! All for him! Whatever remains of my fortune for him! I have squandered much, but I am still rich.

Dol. I have never called you to a reckoning. You have squandered your own.

Juan. No, señora: no, señora. It was not mine. I see it now. It belonged to Lazarus. But Lord! I did not know I was going to have Lazarus. Dolores, we must save him.

Dol. We hang on to his reason like two creatures in despair, that it may not fly away. Is it not true? (Clinging to him.)

Juan. Like two of the desperate, and like two parents. Is it not so? (Pressing her to him.) And we shall save him, eh? Don’t say no; don’t say no! (Falls weeping on a sofa.) I have been bad, but without{94} bad intention. I did not know this. Would that I had been told! Lazarus, my Lazarus!

Dol. Don’t be distressed. Don’t you see that you will not have energy to struggle?

Juan. I’ll not have energy? Ah! you’ll see. Ho! ho! I have no energy!

Dol. I love to see you thus. And believe me that Bermudez exaggerates.

Juan. He is a fanatic—a buffoon—a madman that can’t co-ordinate two ideas. Ah, blockhead. (Shaking his fist.) I don’t know how I keep my head. My breast is burning. My throat is dry. (Pulls the bell.) Teresa! eh! Teresa!

Dol. (calling). Teresa! (Turning toJuan.) What’s the matter?

Juan. Nothing—nothing.


Ter. Señor?

Juan. Bring me a glass of sherry. No, a glass of water—water only.

Ter. Yes, señor. [Exit.

Juan (walking about). From this day I have to mortify myself—on bread and water, like an anchorite—all for Lazarus. Come, is not this to be put to my credit?

Dol. Yes; but much prudence. Let nobody know anything.

Juan. Nothing. Our journeys will be journeys of pleasure; artistic voyages, that Lazarus may see the world and gain instruction. If all these were false terrors!

Dol. Not a word to anybody.

Juan. Not to Carmen—say nothing to Carmen.

Dol. Poor Carmen, my poor angel! But you are right. The first is Lazarus.{95}

Juan. The first—that’s clear. But that girl does not come, and I am choking.

EnterTeresaandDon Timoteo.

Ter. (announcing, and with the glass of water). Here is Don Timoteo.

Juan. Let him come in.

Ter. He is already in.

Juan (toDolores). Silence, and let us affect indifference.

Dol. (aside). Indifference and gaiety. (Wiping her eyes.Don Juandrinks a glass of water.)

Juan (toDolores). Will you take some? Drink, dear. Be calm!


Dol. Thank you; I am calm now.

Tim. Doña Dolores!

Dol. Friend Don Timoteo!

Juan. My dear Timoteo! (Wishing to embrace him.)

Tim. Don’t embrace me. Don’t you see that I have come according to etiquette? All in black!

Dol. In black! Why?

Juan. Why?

Tim. Don’t be alarmed; it is not mourning, but etiquette. I come in all solemnity. Now you shall see. Isn’t Carmen here?

Dol. We went together to hear Mass. She came back with me—and she is now in my sitting-room with Don Nemesio and with Javier—so merry!

Tim. Then let everybody come here! (Doloresrings the bell.) Everybody—except Lazarus; he must come afterwards. Ah! solemnity! solemnity! (Laughing.)

Ter. (entering). Señora .

Dol. Let the Señorita Carmen have the goodness to come here.{96}

Tim. She and all—all. And till they come let no one speak to me.

Dol. (aside toDon Juan). Don’t you guess?

Juan (aside). Yes.

[A pause.

Tim. Solemn silence! Silence, a precursor of something very grave. Ha! ha!

EnterCarmen, Nemesio, andJavier.

Car. (to her father). Did you call me?

Tim. Silence, little one. Don’t you see how grave we all are?

Car. But what’s the matter?

Tim. (to his daughter). You stand beside Dolores.

A movement among all: CarmenembracesDolores.

So: that’s well.

Dol. My own daughter!

Juan (aside). God assist me!

Nem. Ah—ha!

Jav. (toNemesio). We are having a wedding.

Tim. Silence!—Are we ready? All attention—and every solemnity—for I am going to begin. Ah! you, Javier, being the youngest man here, shall go out in haste at the fitting moment to find Lazarus—“Lazarus! Lazarus!” You understand?—So, so—all very quiet: hanging on my lips. (A pause.) Señor Don Juan Mejia—(with comic solemnity.) My dear sir?—The devil, I seem as if I were going to write a letter!—Juanito, you asked me for the hand of Carmen for Lazarus: I have consulted the girl, she is dying about the boy, and now I bring the girl to the boy. And I say before all—Let them be married—the devil—let them be married!—(with great energy.)—The programme in these cases—gentlemen, the programme.{97}—The blushing, the weeping, the smiling, the embracing!

(All spontaneously go homes for sale in hawaii the instructions.Carmenand
Doloresembrace, andDoloresweeps passionately. Nemesioand
Javierlaugh while pointing out the groups. TimoteoandNemesio
likewise embrace. ThenTimoteo, as if recollecting himself,

Javier—go and look for Lazarus—Away, the situation is falling flat!

Jav. I am off—I am off! Lazarus! Lazarus! [Exit.

Car. Mother!

Dol. My own daughter—my own daughter! (Aside.) My God! My God!

Tim. (toDon Juan). And you say nothing?

Juan. Why, nothing more was required.

Tim. But he is not coming.

Re-enterJavierandLazarus; the latter pale, disordered, and
materially dragged along by the former

Laz. Where are you taking me? Where?

Jav. Come, Man, Come . To Happiness!

Laz. What’s this? What do they want with me? Why do they call me?

Tim.Tableau! Carmen is yours! I bring her to you! You are to be married! (ToDon Juan.) Eh! you father of a cork-tree, say something to them; I have gone through all my part!

Laz. Carmen—she—is it true? My Carmen!

Dol. Your Carmen—she is yours.

Juan. What the devil! She is yours—be happy, and let the world founder! what do I care for the world!{98}

Laz. Mine, mine! I may go to her! fold her in my arms! embrace her with all my soul! drink her in with my eyes! I may if I like?

Juan. Yes! enough that you say—yes!

Laz. Oh, the infamy of it! Oh, the treachery! Carmen!

Car. (going up www prudential com online retirement com him). Lazarus!

Laz. Capital one credit card customer service 800 number, keep off! To whom are you coming? You are not to be mine! Never—never—never!

Car. He casts me off! He casts me off! I knew it! Mother! mother! (Falls into the arms ofDolores.)

Dol. Daughter of my heart!

Tim. My daughter! What have you done? What have you done?

Nem. But I don’t understand.

Jav. I do.

All hasten to helpCarmen.

Juan. Lazarus—my son!

Laz. (embracing his father). Father—father—you are my father, save me!

Juan. Yes, I shall save you—I gave you life!

Laz. You gave me life! But that’s not enough: give me more life—to live, to love, to be happy—give me life for my own Carmen—give me more life, or cursed be the life which you gave me!

[Falls insensible.




The scene represents a room in the country seat ofDon Juan, on the banks of the Guadalquivir, in accordance with the description in the earlier part of the first act, although with some pieces of furniture of a more recent period and of more sober taste. There still remain some divans, the carpet and various objects of art. Furthermore, a little table and a low chair. In the background is a balcony or terrace, which is understood to encircle the building. There is an ample view of the sky and of the horizon. If the balcony can be made to slope somewhat towards the left, so much the better for the final scene. A door at the right, another to the left. A lounge to the right: to the left a sofa: a lighted lamp on some table to the side or at the back. It is night: the sky blue and starlight; as the act proceeds the lights of dawn gradually ascend.

Don Timoteo, JavierandPacaare discovered; the last named walks about the back and on the terrace as if to arrange something: she is dressed in a black or very dark costume: mantle[2] of black crape and with fringes.


Tim. And so Dolores wrote to you?

Jav. Yes, señor. Lazarus wished to see me: my company was very much wanted to hasten on his convalescence: he was talking constantly about me. Finally, I said: “I must go there,” I took the train, and two hours ago I planted myself at the door of this country seat, of this delightful country seat; which ought to have admirable views, as far as I have been able to judge by the feeble light of the stars.

Tim. But didn’t you know it? Weren’t you acquainted with Don Juan’s country seat?

Jav. No, señor.

Tim. (waggishly). I was. I have known it for many years. I knew it—ay, when Juan and I were young men! When I used to call him Juanito, and he called me Timoteito. Ah, ah! (mysteriously.) What a number of reminiscences these venerable precincts awaken! All that you see is impregnated with love and madness, with alcohol and merriment. I could tell you: on this divan Juan one day fell down drunk: in that corner I fell one night in the same condition: and on that balcony we both fell one morning in a similar situation. Oh, most sacred memories! Oh, beloved images of the past! (ToPaca). What are you doing here?

Paca. I am putting everything in order, señor.

Tim. And now you will see such a panorama. That balcony looks toward the East, and you see the Guadalquivir—“Sevilla, Guadalquivir, how you do torment my mind!” The loveliest girls of the Sevillian land have breakfasted here, have danced here, have sung here, and have got drunk here.

Jav. Ah, ha! you amused yourselves here in fine create a new facebook account for business. (turning round in ill humour). Have you not done? Have you not done, Paca.

Paca. Well, I remained to see—if you gentlemen wanted anything, that’s all.

Tim. Nothing, you may go to the kitchen.

Paca. Very well, Don Timoteo: to the kitchen. Ah! my God! (She takes a low chair on to the terrace, sits dawn and fans herself.)

Tim. I tell you that I can look at nothing which surrounds me without being moved. The girls from Sevilla, the girls from Malaga, the girls from Tarifa! But let us make a full stop. I am perverting you, young man: and at my age that’s a villainous thing. But the fact is that there were certain girls from Sevilla and Malaga and Cadiz, and certain girls from Tarifa.

Pacagives a very big sigh on the balcony.

Who’s that sighing? The devil of a woman, there’s nothing dismal in what we are saying—are you here still?

Paca (from the balcony and without rising). To see if Don Timoteo wanted anything.

Tim. I do want something, and this gentleman wants something. Bring us a few glasses.[3]

Pacarises and approaches.

Jav. Many thanks: they gave me supper a short time ago: it is now very late—and I take nothing at such an hour as this. american express credit card sign in Don’t trouble yourself on my account.

Paca. Then.{102}

Tim. Then, trouble yourself on my account. Go go, and bring that.

Paca. Yes, señor, yes; I am going, Don Timoteo.

[Exit fanning herself.

Jav. Good heavens! Manzanilla at this hour?

Tim. Yes, yes, of course, I know that you are very steady. Lazarus writes dramas; you write history; but, my friend, a glass is taken at any historical moment whatever.

Jav. At any historical moment? But one o’clock in the morning, although it be an exquisite morning of summer, is that an historical moment or a moment to go to sleep?

Tim. For the pleasure of tasting, eh? for the pleasure of tasting a sweet little drop of Manzanilla, the twenty-four hours of this day, and the twenty-four of the following, and those of the next, are marked down in all treatises, young man. Admit that there are no young men nowadays.

Jav. How can it be helped? There are young men who are old, and there are old men who die quite young.

Tim. It’s true. Since I came eight days ago to the country seat, my remembrances have become refreshed, and I feel as if I were fifteen years old.

Jav. And in a few more days you’ll feel as if you were fifteen months.

Tim. Halloa! Halloa! that figure of speech is called irony.

Jav. A respectful irony, Don Timoteo. But I did not think to meet you at the country seat of Don Juan.

Tim. I had brought poor Carmen to Sevilla. She is very delicate. With those unfortunate events—with the illness of Lazarus—and what you know{103} already. But when once at Sevilla, Juanito was anxious that we should come and pass a few days here. And I, to give that pleasure to Carmen, and to contribute to the recovery of Lazarus—who, they declared, was going on very well—I consented and here we are.

Jav. Restored to youth.

Tim. Believe me, Javier, in what I told you just now: there is no longer any youth now: Carmen with her afflicted little chest: Lazarus with his disordered nerves; you with your sedateness and your megrim. We were of another stamp.

Jav. Perhaps it’s because you were of another stamp, that we are made after this fashion. But let us change the subject, Don Timoteo. And so there is a complete reconciliation, and a wedding in perspective?

Tim. I’ll tell you, I’ll tell you. But that Paca is not bringing the Manzanilla. (Looking to see if she comes.) Really there was no cause to be offended. Lazarus said what he said—in a fever! You saw him fall senseless at the feet of Carmen. What the devil was the meaning of that? Go and learn that. In my time when a man fell down thus, it was decided to be drunkenness or apoplexy, and so medical science mortgage down payment and closing cost calculator simplified and was within the reach of everybody. But in these days, interpret you who can what’s the matter with the man who falls insensible.

Jav. Poor Lazarus was very ill. However, they say that he is now getting on perfectly: the malady has passed the critical point.

Tim. So they say and he seems very much restored: but he is always a very extraordinary person—like all men of talent.

Jav. And so we shall have the wedding.{104}

Tim. Hum—wedding—that’s flour from another sack. I say nothing so as not to distress Carmen, not to be disagreeable to the parents, and because I would not give the boy another fainting fit. If Lazarus recovers completely and comes back to what he was, and writes something that will bring him considerable fame—sufficient to prove that his brain is quite sound—then the way is clear—eh? Because Carmen, poor Carmen. But this Paca is not coming!

Jav. Carmen is very fond of him, is she not?

Tim. I don’t know—I don’t know that girl, God help me! I am taking her away soon: within four or five hours we shall set out to catch the train. And before going away I shall speak to Bermudez.

Jav. I only saw Lazarus for a moment, and he seemed to me——

Tim. How?

Jav. Much better. Youth works miracles. (Aside.) Poor Lazarus!

Tim. It’s true, it’s true. I myself had—I don’t know what—and I was so to say—crazy for more than a year—much more; and it passed off.

Jav. Well nobody would think it—I mean nobody would think that you had ever had—anything—of that kind of infirmity—eh?

Tim. Well, I had it, I had it—they believed that it had left me an idiot——

Jav. Jesus, Mary, and Joseph!

Tim. But that devil of a woman who is not coming! She knew quite well that the Manzanilla was only for me, and she delights in mortifying me. She has a most perverse mind. And she was always the same; you don’t know what that woman has been!

Jav. Who? She who was here just now?

Tim. Exactly; that was one of the most magnificent{105} women in all Andalusia. She was called Paca the Tarifeña.

Jav. Ah ha! who would have said so!

Tim. I should have said so, Juanito would have said so, Nemesio would have said so, and everybody would have said so. The Tarifeña! the girl from Tarifa!—she who acts in this house to-day as a servant or little better, twenty or thirty years ago commanded like a mistress. Afterwards, as always happens, she rambled about—rambled about—and farewell beauty, farewell grace, farewell magnificence. Old age, ugliness and misery, the three enemies—I’ll not say of the soul, but of the bodies of pretty girls, fed themselves upon the gay Tarifeña. Five or six years ago Juan got to know of it; he felt sorry, and he took her into this country house, as mistress of the keys or something—as a matter of form. In short, she is in service in the country seat; but she will not be of much service, for she was always very lively, but very lazy.

Jav. Yet, so beautiful?

Tim. A sun! But women break down early. We men preserve ourselves better. Who would say that I am fifty-eight years old?

Jav. Nobody! Whatever else you may be accused of—(Aside.) Seventy-five!

Tim. I should think so. Halloa! I think Lazarus is coming.

EnterLazaruson the left. Behind comes Doctor Bermudez, but
at a certain distance from
Lazarus, as if observing him and being
on the watch

Laz. (looking atDon TimoteoandJavier). This night we they call me juan they call me jose all sitting up, the sitting up of the farewell.{106}

Tim. I am obliged to you, but there was no need for you to trouble yourself. Let us say farewell now: you go to bed: and Carmen and I at daybreak, very quietly, without rousing anybody, will set out for the train.

Laz. So, so; very quietly, without waking anybody, in the silence of the night: so you wish to steal Carmen away. And so happiness is stolen away. Treachery! But I am watching and I shall watch: Lazarus has risen, and now he will never sleep any more. These eyes are very wide open to see everything (tenderly): the dear little head of my Carmen (laughing), the great, villainous head of Don Timoteo. To see the day with its splendour and the night with its gloom. (Going to the balcony.) How beautiful is the morning star—is it not? It is always there. We seem to have made an appointment with each other. “I shall appear in heaven,” she says, “and do you appear at the balcony, and we shall gaze upon each other.” I cannot gaze upon you, forgive me; Carmen would be jealous. She not being at my side, I do not wish to gaze on anybody, I do not care to see anybody. (Withdraws irritably from the balcony and seesBermudez.) Halloa, dearest doctor, were you here? Did you follow me? Did they send you to take charge of me? Well, look you, it annoys me to have a sentinel always in sight—(Restraining himself and changing his tone) unless he be so kind-hearted as my dear doctor.

They all advance to the first entrance.

Berm. I came with you to beg you not to sit up. Now go to bed, take some rest, and at daybreak I shall awaken you that you may bid good-bye to Carmen and to Don Timoteo.{107}

Laz. That’s what you want! I am not a child: I am not to be deceived. How does he who sleeps know what he will see on his awaking? If he does awake! (Sits down.)

Tim. However. (Approaching him.)

Jav. (approaching still nearer). I give you my word.

Berm. (All surround him.) We all promise you solemnly——

Laz. It is useless—don’t trouble yourselves. Besides I neither believe anybody, nor trust in anybody. I don’t trust myself, and I am always observing myself whether perchance—in short, I understand myself: then how should I trust you? You perceive that that’s asking too much. And enough, enough—I have said no.

Berm. As you please, Lazarus.

Laz. Moreover, sitting up is delightful. What a sky! what a night, what a river! Just now we were downstairs in the drawing-room that looks on to the garden, my mother, my father, Carmen, the doctor, I—(counting on his fingers) and Paca likewise. All seated, all resting, and somewhat sleepy, excepting Paca. In an angle a lamp: the doors on a level with the outside: the sky in the distance: the garden with its twining plants and its rose trees making itself a portion of the saloon, as if to bear us company: i m still standing gorilla penetrating perfumes of the lemon flower, and the freshness of the river impregnating the atmosphere: little insects of all colours, a few butterflies among them, as if engendered by the air, came from without, attracted by the lamp, and fluttered between the light and the gloom, as ideas revolve within me now; and Paca too was fluttering amidst us all. (A pause.) What, you are laughing? (ToJavier.){108}

Jav. I am not laughing.

Laz. Yes; you laugh because I said that Paca was fluttering between my father, my mother, Carmen and myself. Well, I maintain it: is it only butterflies that flutter about? Flies and gad-flies flutter as well. And so, as I lay there with eyes half closed, Paca, with her black dress and her black mantle with its fringe, seemed to me an enormous fly. She fluttered ponderously from my father to my mother—serving my father with sherry and my mother with iced water—and between Carmen and myself, to worry me with questions, and to fix a flower in Carmen’s hair, rustling against us both with her mantle and its fringes, as a fly rustles with its dark and hairy wings. She is a kind woman but I felt a repugnance, a loathing, and a chill, and I came up to stand and breathe on yonder balcony.

Jav. And to contemplate the stars.

Laz. One, no more than one. And such extravagant ideas! But we apprentices of poetry are thus. You are right, Bermudez, extravagant—very—very&mdash. I was thinking of Paca, I was gazing at the star, and I felt an insane, ridiculous, but unconquerable desire. It was to seize one of my foils, to run it through the gad-fly with her fringed mantle, as one runs an insect through with a pin, and to burn her at the light of that most beautiful star. Like what? The putrescence of humanity which is consumed and purified in heavenly flames. You don’t understand me, Don Timoteo?

Tim. Well, I don’t think there is much to understand—and even though a man may not be a genius——

Laz. Don’t be vexed: these are jokes: I offend you? The father of Carmen? when for her sake I{109} am ready to go down on my knees and to declare that you are young and beautiful and that you have brains, and to compel the whole world to declare the same. Your arms, Don Timoteo, your arms. (They embrace.) You bear no grudge against me, do you?

Tim. Dear me, why should I?

Laz. Then don’t take away Carmen; don’t separate me from her. A sick they call me juan they call me jose should have his way in everything—and it would make me worse, let Bermudez tell you. Is it not true that it would make me ill? Say it—say it?

Tim. But you are well now?

Berm. Quite well.

Laz. And you, what do you say?

Jav. My boy, I find you as well as ever.

Tim. And I really must go to Sevilla. But we shall soon come back to be reunited. You are not a convalescent: you don’t require to stay here. Away home to work!

Laz. (in the ear ofTim). Then when shall the wedding be?

Tim. For my part—any day—but that, let the doctor say.

Laz. Not that man—not that man—ah—I know him—and yet let him say.

Berm. It depends on the state of mind that you are in: if you are in a sound state of mind, very soon.



3 Replies to “They call me juan they call me jose”

  1. Sorry but this is sheer bragging about yourself. As a hiring manager I would not get swayed by such answers however if the answers are supported by similar experience in form of anecdotes along with data, then it may work

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