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    Columbia University Department of Surgery". columbiasurgery.org. Retrieved April 27, 2020.
  1. ^Moyer, Liz (June 13, 2005). "Lame Duck Purcell". Forbes Website. Retrieved March 22, 2008.
  2. ^Thomas Jr, Landon (April 21, 2005). "Morgan Stanley Exodus Continues as 8 Traders Leave". The New York Times. Retrieved March 22, 2008.
  3. ^Chief Will Leave Morgan Stanley, Ending Struggle. The New York Times, June 14, 2005
  4. ^"Only the Men Survive". New York Magazine.
  5. ^The Reward for Leaving: $113 Million. The New York Times, July 8, 2005
  6. ^"Morgan Stanley to Spin Off Discover Unit". Bloomberg.com. December 19, 2006. Retrieved April 27, 2020.
  7. ^Distribution of Discover Financial Services Common Stock Morgan Stanley Stockholder Tax Basis Information – Morgan Stanley. Retrieved January 27, 2021
  8. ^"Morgan Stanley, Kampani end JV". The Times of India. February 23, 2007. Retrieved August 7, 2021.
  9. ^"Morgan parts ways with JM Financial". The Economic Times. February 23, 2007. Retrieved August 7, 2021.
  10. ^"Morgan Stanley In India Receives Merchant Banking License and Announces Two Senior Appointments". Morgan Stanley. October 10, 2007. Retrieved August 1, 2021.
  11. ^"Morgan Stanley posts loss on writedown". Joe Bel Bruno. Archived from the original on December 21, 2007. Retrieved December 19, 2007.
  12. ^Merced, Michael J. de la; Bradsher, Keith (December 19, 2007). "Morgan Stanley to Sell Stake to China Amid Loss". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved April 27, 2020.
  13. ^Patterson, Scott D., The Quants: How a New Breed of Math Whizzes Conquered Wall Street and Nearly Destroyed It, Crown Business, 352 pages, 2010. ISBN 0-307-45337-5ISBN 978-0307453372Amazon page for book. Specifically in an excerpt from "Chapter 10: The August Factor", in the January 23, 2010 Wall Street Journal.
  14. ^"Morgan Stanley to Advise U.S. on Fannie and Freddie". The New York Times. August 6, 2008. Retrieved August 11, 2008.
  15. ^Kudla, David. "Morgan Stanley's future is bright for investors". MarketWatch.
  16. ^Jagger, Suzy (September 19, 2008). "Morgan Stanley perplexes Wall Street as bank loses $20bn". The Times. Retrieved December 24, 2018.
  17. ^Duff McDonald, Last Man Standing (2009)
  18. ^Wall Street in crisis: Last banks standing give up investment bank status, The Guardian (London), September 22, 2008
  19. ^Goldman, Morgan Stanley Bring Down Curtain on an Era, Bloomberg, September 22, 2008
  20. ^"Mitsubishi UFJ Financial Group to Invest $9 billion in Morgan Stanley". September 29, 2008. Archived from the original on October 2, 2008. Retrieved October 2, 2008.
  21. ^Andrew Ross Sorkin (2009). Too Big to Fail. Viking. pp. 517–18.
  22. ^"Behold: The $9 Billion Check That Rescued Morgan Stanley". Business Insider. November 20, 2009. Archived from the original on August 31, 2020. Retrieved October 14, 2020.
  23. ^Morgan Stanley (September 16, 2020). "Episode 04: Surviving the Crisis". Timestamp 14:23: YouTube. Archived from the original on October 30, 2021. Retrieved October 14, 2020.CS1 maint: location (link)
  24. ^"Fed give OK to Mitsubishi, Morgan Stanley deal". Reuters. October 6, 2008. Retrieved April 14, 2012.
  25. ^"Mitsubishi UFJ buys 21% stake in Morgan Stanley". USA Today. October 13, 2008. Retrieved April 14, 2012.
  26. ^Clark, Andrew; Bowers, Simon (October 11, 2008). "Morgan Stanley hangs on Mitsubishi's $9bn pledge". The Guardian. London. Retrieved April 14, 2012.
  27. ^Sato, Shigeru; Taniguchi, Takako (April 2, 2012). "Mitsubishi UFJ Mulls Multi-Billion Dollar U.S. Bank Acquisition". Bloomberg. Retrieved April 14, 2012.
  28. ^"Morgan Stanley Speculating to Brink of Collapse Got $107 Billion From Fed". Bloomberg. Retrieved December 23, 2014.
  29. ^"Morgan Stanley Pledges Billion to Boost Sustainability". Bloomberg.
  30. ^Cheung, Sonja (July 7, 2014). "Morgan Stanley Asia Private-Equity Fund Raises $1.7 Billion". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved July 11, 2014.
  31. ^"Morgan Stanley to cut 25% of fixed-income jobs in next 2 weeks". Gulf News. Retrieved December 1, 2015.
  32. ^"Morgan Stanley 4Q2015 Earnings Release"(PDF).
  33. ^Merced, Michael J. de la; Kelly, Kate; Flitter, Emily (June 16, 2020). "Morgan Stanley to Buy E-Trade, Linking Wall Street and Main Street". The New York Times. Retrieved October 8, 2020.
  34. ^Manskar, Noah (October 2, 2020). "Morgan Stanley officially closes all-stock E*Trade takeover deal". New York Post.
  35. ^"Morgan Stanley Closes Acquisition of Eaton Vance" (Press release). Morgan Stanley. March 1, 2021. Retrieved August 20, 2021.
  36. ^FINS.com. "Morgan Stanley Overview". Retrieved July 19, 2010.
  37. ^Casteleyn, Jonathan. "Morgan Stanley and Goldman have bigger bond exposure than Bank of America and Citi". Market Realist. Market Realist, Inc. Retrieved September 11, 2014.
  38. ^"Morgan Stanley and Citi To Form Industry-Leading Wealth Management Business Through Joint Venture" (Press release). January 13, 2009. Archived from the original on January 29, 2015. Retrieved October 2, 2020.
  39. ^"Morgan Stanley Advises Citigroup of Intention to Exercise Right to Purchase an Additional 14 Percent of Morgan Stanley Smith Barney" (Press release). May 31, 2012.
  40. ^"Morgan Stanley Receives Final Regulatory Approvals to Purchase Remaining 35% Interest in MSSB Wealth Management Joint Venture, Fulfilling Key Strategic Priority". Morgan Stanley. June 21, 2013. Archived from the original on January 29, 2015. Retrieved September 21, 2014.
  41. ^"Invesco to Buy Morgan Stanley Unit for $1.5 Billion". Deal Book. The New York Times. October 19, 2009. Retrieved October 20, 2009.
  42. ^"Morgan Stanley announces strategic partnership with Longchamp Asset Management and La Française AM… Schroder GAIA platform onboards the GAIA Avoca Credit fund". hedgeweek.com. September 29, 2013.
  43. ^"2018 Working Mother 100 Best Companies". Working Mother. Retrieved November 4, 2019.
  44. ^"Family Digest's Second Annual Best Companies for African Americans Awards".
  45. ^"Times 20 Best Big Companies to Work For 2006 list". The Times. London. March 5, 2006. Retrieved February 8, 2007.
  46. ^"Great Place to Work Institute". Greatplacetowork-europe.com. February 18, 2010. Archived from the original on December 1, 2008. Retrieved July 9, 2011.
  47. ^Ulick, Jake (April 28, 2003). "Wall St. deal is finalized". CNN. Retrieved April 11, 2012.
  48. ^"Member Firm Disciplined for Special Reserve Bank Account Deficienciesand Related Supervisory Violations". June 9, 2004. Archived from the original on December 10, 2012. Retrieved April 11, 2012.
  49. ^"EEOC AND MORGAN STANLEY ANNOUNCE SETTLEMENT OF SEX DISCRIMINATION LAWSUIT". EEOC. July 12, 2004. Retrieved April 11, 2012.
  50. ^Anderson, Jenny (April 25, 2007). "Wall St. Firm Will Settle Sex Bias Suit". NYT. Retrieved April 11, 2012.
  51. ^"NASD Fines Morgan Stanley $2.2 Million for Late Reporting, Firm Temporarily Suspended from Registering New Brokers". Financial Industry Regulatory Authority. July 29, 2004. Retrieved April 11, 2012.
  52. ^"NYSE Regulation Announces a $19 Million Agreement with Morgan Stanley Citing Failure to Deliver Customer Prospectuses and Other Supervisory and Operational Failures". NYSE. September 22, 2004. Archived from the original on December 10, 2012. Retrieved April 11, 2012.
  53. ^"NASD Fines Morgan Stanley $100,000 For Municipal Bond Disclosure Violations". December 6, 2004. Retrieved April 11, 2012.
  54. ^"The New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) has hit US investment bank Morgan Stanley with a record $19m (£10m) fine". January 12, 2005. Retrieved April 12, 2012.
  55. ^Barton, Jill (May 19, 2005). "Jury Orders Firm to Pay Perelman $1.4 Billion; Morgan Stanley Cited for Fraud In Coleman Sale". The Washington Post.
  56. ^"Morgan Stanley has billionaire Perelman's $1.58 billion award reversed in Sunbeam lawsuit". International Herald Tribune. March 29, 2009. Archived from the original on February 17, 2008. Retrieved July 9, 2011.
  57. ^"Morgan Settles Suit on Overtime". Los Angeles Times. March 3, 2006. Retrieved July 9, 2011.
  58. ^"More E-Mail Problems, More Fines For Morgan Stanley". InformationWeek. Retrieved April 20, 2011.
  59. ^Glovin, David (September 25, 2009). "Citigroup Sues Morgan Stanley Over $250 million CDO". Bloomberg. Retrieved July 9, 2011.
  60. ^"FINRA News Release". Finra.org. Archived from the original on May 10, 2008. Retrieved July 9, 2011.
  61. ^"Morgan Stanley to settle class-action lawsuit". Reuters. June 12, 2007. Retrieved April 20, 2012.
  62. ^"FINA News Release". FINRA. Retrieved April 20, 2011.
  63. ^"Morgan Stanley Agrees to ARS Buy-Back Deal, Fines". AdvisorOne. Archived from the original on May 30, 2013. Retrieved April 20, 2011.
  64. ^"Morgan Stanley to Pay More than $7 Million to Resolve FINRA Charges Relating to Misconduct in Early Retirement Investment Promotion". FINRA. Retrieved April 20, 2012.
  65. Источник: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Morgan_Stanley

    Morgan Stanley

    American financial services company

    Morgan Stanley Logo.svg
    Morgan Stanley Headquarters (48105951892).jpg

    Morgan Stanley's office on Times Square, New York City

    TypePublic

    Traded as

    IndustryFinancial services
    Founded
    FounderHenry Sturgis Morgan
    Harold Stanley
    Dean G. Witter
    Richard S. Reynolds, Jr.
    HeadquartersMorgan Stanley Building
    New York City, New York, U.S.

    Area served

    International service

    Key people

    James P. Gorman
    (Chairman & CEO)
    Ted Pick
    (Co-President)
    Andy Saperstein
    (Co-President)
    Jonathan Pruzan
    (Chief Operating Officer)
    Sharon Yeshaya
    (CFO)
    ProductsInvestment banking, Sales and trading, Commodities, Prime brokerage, Wealth management, Investment management
    RevenueIncreaseUS$48.2 billion (2020)

    Operating income

    Increase US$13.648 billion (2020)

    Net income

    Increase US$11 billion (2020)
    AUMIncrease US$715 billion (2020)
    Total assetsIncrease US$1,118 billion (2020)
    Total equityIncrease US$101.78 billion (2020)
    OwnerMUFG (24.0%) [1]

    Number of employees

    68,097 (2020)
    SubsidiariesMorgan Stanley Wealth Management
    E-Trade
    Eaton Vance
    Capital ratio17.3% (FY 2020)
    Websitemorganstanley.com
    Footnotes / references
    [2][3]

    Morgan Stanley is an American multinational investment bank and financial services company headquartered at 1585 Broadway in the Morgan Stanley Building, Midtown Manhattan, New York City. With offices in more than 42 countries and more than 60,000 employees, the firm's clients include corporations, governments, institutions, and individuals.[2] Morgan Stanley ranked No. 67 in the 2018 Fortune 500 list of the largest United States corporations by total revenue.[4]

    The original Morgan Stanley, formed by J.P. Morgan & Co. partners Henry Sturgis Morgan (grandson of J.P. Morgan), Harold Stanley, and others, came into existence on September 16, 1935, in response to the Glass–Steagall Act that required the splitting of commercial and investment banking businesses.[5] In its first year, the company operated with a 24% market share (US$1.1 billion) in public offerings and private placements.

    The current Morgan Stanley is the result of merger of the original Morgan Stanley with Dean Witter Discover & Co. in 1997.[5] Dean Witter's Chairman and CEO, Philip J. Purcell, became the Chairman and CEO of the newly merged "Morgan Stanley Dean Witter Discover & Co."[6][7] The new firm changed its name back to "Morgan Stanley" in 2001.[8][9][10] The main areas of business for the firm today are institutional securities, wealth management and investment management. The bank is considered systemically important by the Financial Stability Board.

    Overview[edit]

    Morgan Stanley is a financial services corporation that, through its affiliates and subsidiaries, advises, and originates, trades, manages, and distributes capital for institutions, governments, and individuals. The company operates in three business segments: Institutional Securities, Wealth Management, and Investment Management.[2]

    History[edit]

    See also: JPMorgan Chase and J.P. Morgan & Co.

    The original Morgan Stanley (1935–1997)[edit]

    Morgan Stanley traces its roots to J.P. Morgan & Co. Following the Glass–Steagall Act, it was no longer possible for a corporation to have investment banking and commercial banking businesses under a single holding entity.[11][12] J.P. Morgan & Co. chose the commercial banking business over the investment banking business. As a result, some of the employees of J.P. Morgan & Co., most notably Henry S. Morgan and Harold Stanley, left J.P. Morgan & Co. and joined others from the Drexel partners to form Morgan Stanley.[12] The firm formally opened the doors for business on September 16, 1935, at 2 Wall Street, New York City, just down the street from J.P Morgan.[13] The firm was involved with the distribution of 1938 US$100 million of debentures for the United States Steel Corporation as the lead underwriter.[14] The firm also obtained the distinction of being the lead syndicate in the 1939 U.S. rail financing.[citation needed] The firm went through a reorganization in 1941 to allow for more activity in its securities business.[citation needed]

    The firm was led by Perry Hall, the last founder to lead Morgan Stanley, from 1951 until 1961.[15] During this period, the firm co-managed the World Bank's triple-A-rated bonds offering of 1952,[16] as well as coming up with General Motors' US$300 million debt issue,[citation needed] US$231 million IBM stock offering,[citation needed] and the US$250 million AT&T's debt offering.[citation needed]

    Morgan Stanley credits itself with having created the first viable computer model for financial analysis in 1962, thereby starting a new trend in the field of financial analysis. Future president and chairman Dick Fisher contributed to the computer model as a young employee, learning the FORTRAN and COBOL programming languages at IBM.[17] In 1967, it established the Morgan & Cie, International in Paris in an attempt to enter the European securities market.[18] The firm acquired Brooks, Harvey & Co., Inc. in 1967 and established a presence in the real estate business.[19] The sales and trading business is believed to be the brainchild of Bob Baldwin.[20]

    In 1996, Morgan Stanley acquired Van Kampen American Capital.[21]

    Morgan Stanley after the merger (1997–present)[edit]

    Current Morgan Stanley Logo 2013
    Historical logo used by Morgan Stanley in the early 2000s

    On February 5, 1997, the company merged with Dean Witter Discover & Co., the spun-off financial services business of Sears Roebuck.[22] Dean Witter's Chairman and CEO, Philip J. Purcell, continued to hold the same roles in the newly merged "Morgan Stanley Dean Witter Discover & Co." Morgan Stanley’s president John J. Mack became the firm’s president and chief operating officer.[23] In 1998, the name of the firm was changed to "Morgan Stanley Dean Witter & Co."[24] Originally, the name was chosen to be the combination of the two predecessor companies in order to avoid tension between the two firms.[9] Eventually in 2001 "Dean Witter" was further dropped and the name became "Morgan Stanley" for unrevealed reasons.[9][10] The merged firm began expanding overseas operations: in 1999, Mack set up a joint venture in India with local partner JM Financial.[25]

    Morgan Stanley had offices located on 35 floors across buildings 1, 2, and 5 of the World Trade Center, and was the largest tenant of the WTC complex. Most of these offices had been inherited from Dean Witter which had occupied the space since the mid-1980s.[citation needed] The firm lost 13 employees during the September 11 attacks in 2001[26] (Thomas F. Swift, Wesley Mercer, Jennifer de Jesus, Joseph DiPilato, Nolbert Salomon, Godwin Forde, Steve R. Strauss, Lindsay C. Herkness, Albert Joseph, Jorge Velazquez, Titus Davidson, Charles Laurencin and Security Director Rick Rescorla) in the towers, while 2,687 were successfully evacuated by Rick Rescorla.[27][28] The surviving employees moved to temporary headquarters in the vicinity. In 2005 Morgan Stanley moved 2,300 of its employees back to lower Manhattan, at that time the largest such move.[29]

    Morgan Stanley Children's Hospital of New York-Presbyterian is the only stand-alone pediatric hospital in New York City and is part of New York-Presbyterian Hospital

    In 2003, NewYork–Presbyterian Hospital named the Morgan Stanley Children's Hospital in recognition of the firm's sponsorship of the hospital, which largely funded its construction through philanthropy.[30] The initiative began under CEO Philip J. Purcell and was completed under John Mack. Employees at the firm have been involved with the hospital since the 1990s and personally donated to the construction of the current child-friendly building, which opened in November 2003.[31][32]

    The company found itself in the midst of a management crisis starting in March 2005[33] that resulted in a loss of the firm's staff.[34] Purcell resigned as CEO of Morgan Stanley in June 2005 when a highly public campaign by former Morgan Stanley partners[35][36] threatened to damage the firm and challenged his refusal to aggressively increase leverage, increase risk, enter the sub-prime mortgage business and make expensive acquisitions; the same strategies that forced Morgan Stanley into massive write-downs, related to the subprime mortgage crisis, by 2007.[37]

    On December 19, 2006, Morgan Stanley announced the spin-off of its Discover Card unit.[38] The bank completed the spinoff of Discover Financial on June 30, 2007.[39][citation needed]

    In February 2007, Morgan Stanley announced the end of its Indian joint venture: the bank acquired its local partner's stake in the institutional brokerage business, and sold its own stake in the other businesses.[40][41] The bank then set up a wholly-owned subsidiary; the country head of Investment Management, Narayan Ramachandran, became CEO of the new subsidiary. Aisha de Sequeira, a Managing Director in the Mergers and Acquisitions group, was made Head of Investment Banking.[42]

    In order to cope with the write-downs during the subprime mortgage crisis, Morgan Stanley announced on December 19, 2007, that it would receive a US$5 billion capital infusion from the China Investment Corporation in exchange for securities that would be convertible to 9.9% of its shares in 2010.[43][44]

    The bank's Process Driven Trading unit was amongst several on Wall Street caught in a short squeeze, reportedly losing nearly $300 million in one day. The bubble's subsequent collapse was considered to be a central feature of the financial crisis of 2007–2010.[45]

    The bank was contracted by the United States Treasury in August 2008 to advise the government on potential rescue strategies for Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac.[46] Within days, Morgan Stanley itself was at risk of failure, with rapidly changing prospects, regulatory model and ownership stakes over the course of four weeks from mid-September to mid-October 2008.

    To set the context: Morgan Stanley is said to have lost over 80% of its market value between 2007 and 2008 during the financial crisis.[47] On September 17, 2008, the British evening-news analysis program Newsnight reported that Morgan Stanley was facing difficulties after a 42% slide in its share price in two days. CEO John J. Mack wrote in a memo to staff "we're in the midst of a market controlled by fear and rumours and short-sellers are driving our stock down." By September 19, 2008, the share price had slid 57% in four days, and the company was said to have explored merger possibilities with CITIC, Wachovia, HSBC, Standard Chartered, Banco Santander and Nomura.[48] At one point, Hank Paulson offered Morgan Stanley to JPMorgan Chase at no cost, but JPMorgan's Jamie Dimon refused the offer.[49]

    Morgan Stanley and Goldman Sachs, the last two major investment banks in the US, both announced on September 22, 2008, that they would become traditional bank holding companies regulated by the Federal Reserve.[50] The Federal Reserve's approval of their bid to become banks ended the ascendancy of securities firms, 75 years after Congress separated them from deposit-taking lenders, and capped weeks of chaos that sent Lehman Brothers Holdings Inc. into bankruptcy and led to the rushed sale of Merrill Lynch & Co. to Bank of America Corp.[51]

    MUFG Bank, Japan's largest bank, invested $9 billion in a direct purchase of a 21% ownership stake in Morgan Stanley on September 29, 2008.[52] The payment from MUFG was supposed to be wired electronically; however, because it needed to be made on an emergency basis on Columbus Day when banks were closed in the US, MUFG cut a US$9 billion physical check, the largest amount written via physical check at the time.[53][54] The physical check was accepted by Robert A. Kindler, Global Head of Mergers and Acquisitions and Vice Chairman of Morgan Stanley, at the offices of Wachtell Lipton.[55] Concerns over the completion of the Mitsubishi deal during the October 2008 stock market volatility caused a dramatic fall in Morgan Stanley's stock price to levels last seen in 1994. It recovered once Mitsubishi UFJ's 21% stake in Morgan Stanley was completed on October 14, 2008.[56][57][58][59]

    Morgan Stanley borrowed $107.3 billion from the Fed during the 2008 crisis, the most of any bank, according to data compiled by Bloomberg News Service and published August 22, 2011.[60]

    In 2009, Morgan Stanley purchased Smith Barney from Citigroup and the new broker-dealer operates under the name Morgan Stanley Smith Barney, the largest wealth management business in the world.

    In November 2013, Morgan Stanley announced that it would invest $1 billion to help improve affordable housing as part of a wider push to encourage investment in efforts that aid economic, social and environmental sustainability.[61]

    In July 2014, Morgan Stanley's Asian private equity arm announced it had raised around $1.7 billion for its fourth fund in the area.[62]

    In December 2015, it was reported that Morgan Stanley would be cutting around 25 percent of its fixed income jobs before month end.[63] In January 2016, the company reported that it had offices in more than 43 countries.[64]

    In October 2020, the company completed its acquisition of E-Trade, a deal announced in February 2020.[65][66]

    In March 2021, Morgan Stanley completed its acquisition of Eaton Vance, a deal announced in October 2020. With the addition of Eaton Vance, Morgan Stanley now had $5.4 trillion of client assets across its Wealth Management and Investment Management segments.[67]

    Organization[edit]

    The company's 3 divisions are as follows:

    Institutional Securities Group[edit]

    Morgan Stanley's Institutional Securities is the most profitable business segment. This business segment provides institutions with services such as capital raising and financial advisory services including mergers and acquisitions advisory, restructurings, real estate and project finance, and corporate lending. The segment also encompasses the Equities and the Fixed Income divisions of the firm; trading is anticipated to maintain its position as the "engine room" of the company.[68] Among the major U.S. banks, Morgan Stanley sources the highest portion of revenues from fixed income underwriting which was reported at 6.0% of total revenue in FY12.[69]

    Wealth Management[edit]

    The Global Wealth Management Group provides stockbrokerage and investment advisory services. This segment provides financial and wealth planning services to its clients, who are primarily high-net-worth individuals.

    On January 13, 2009, the Global Wealth Management Group was merged with Citi's Smith Barney to form Morgan Stanley Smith Barney. Morgan Stanley owned 51% of the entity, and Citi holds 49%.[70] On May 31, 2012, Morgan Stanley exercised its option to purchase an additional 14% of the joint venture from Citi.[71] In June 2013, Morgan Stanley stated it had secured all regulatory approvals to buy Citigroup's remaining 35% stake in Smith Barney and would proceed to finalize the deal.[72]

    Investment Management[edit]

    Investment Management provides asset management products and services in equity, fixed income, alternative investments, real estate investment, and private equity to institutional and retail clients through third-party retail distribution channels, intermediaries and Morgan Stanley's institutional distribution channel. Morgan Stanley's asset management activities were principally conducted under the Morgan Stanley and Van Kampen brands until 2009.

    On October 19, 2009, Morgan Stanley announced that it would sell Van Kampen to Invesco for $1.5 billion, but would retain the Morgan Stanley brand.[73] It provides asset management products and services to institutional investors worldwide, including pension plans, corporations, private funds, non-profit organizations, foundations, endowments, governmental agencies, insurance companies and banks.

    On September 29, 2013, Morgan Stanley announced a partnership with Longchamp Asset Management, a French-based asset manager that specializes in the distribution of UCITS hedge funds, and La Française AM, a multi-specialist asset manager with a 10-year track record in alternative investments.[74]

    Awards and honors[edit]

    • Morgan Stanley was named one of the 100 Best Companies for Working Mothers in 2004 by Working Mothers magazine.[75]
    • Family Digest magazine named Morgan Stanley one of the "Best Companies for African Americans" in June 2004.[76]
    • The Times listed Morgan Stanley 5th in its 20 Best Big Companies to Work For 2006.[77]
    • Great Place to Work Institute Japan in 2007 ranked Morgan Stanley as the second best corporation to work in Japan, based on the opinions of the employees and the corporate culture.[78]

    Lawsuits[edit]

    2000s[edit]

    2003[edit]

    In 2003, Morgan Stanley agreed to pay $125 million to settle its portion of a $1.4 billion settlement of a suit brought by Eliot Spitzer, the Attorney General of New York, the National Association of Securities Dealers (now the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority (FINRA), the United States Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), and a number of state securities regulators, relating to intentionally misleading research motivated by a desire to win investment banking business with the companies covered.[79]

    2004[edit]

    In June 2004, the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) imposed a penalty of a censure and $140,000 fine for incorrectly using customers' margined securities as collateral for cash management loans.[80]

    In 2004, Morgan Stanley settled a sex discrimination suit brought by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission for $54 million.[81] In 2007, the firm agreed to pay $46 million to settle a class action lawsuit brought by eight female brokers.[82]

    In July 2004, the firm paid NASD a $2.2 million fine for more than 1,800 late disclosures of reportable information about its brokers.[83]

    In September 2004, the firm paid a $19 million fine imposed by NYSE for failure to deliver prospectuses to customers in registered offerings, inaccurate reporting of certain program trading information, short sale violations, failures to fingerprint new employees and failure to timely file exchange forms.[84]

    In December 2004, the firm paid a $100,000 fine to NASD and $211,510 in restitution to customers for failure to make proper disclosures to municipal bond investors. In the course of NASD's investigation, Morgan Stanley's failure to make a timely response to requests for information resulted in censure and an additional $25,000 fine.[85]

    2005[edit]

    The New York Stock Exchange imposed a $19 million fine on January 12, 2005, for alleged regulatory and supervisory lapses. At the time, it was the largest fine ever imposed by the NYSE.[86]

    On May 16, 2005, a Florida jury found that Morgan Stanley failed to give adequate information to Ronald Perelman about Sunbeam thereby defrauding him and causing damages to him of $604 million. In addition, punitive damages were added for total damages of $1.450 billion. This verdict was directed by the judge as a sanction against Morgan Stanley after the firm's attorneys infuriated the court by failing and refusing to produce documents, and falsely telling the court that certain documents did not exist.[87] The ruling was overturned on March 21, 2007, and Morgan Stanley was no longer required to pay the $1.57 billion verdict.[88]

    2006[edit]

    Morgan Stanley settled a class-action lawsuit on March 2, 2006. It had been filed in California by both current and former Morgan Stanley employees for unfair labor practices instituted to those in the financial advisor training program. Employees of the program had claimed the firm expected trainees to clock overtime hours without additional pay and handle various administrative expenses as a result of their expected duties. A $42.5 million settlement was reached and Morgan Stanley admitted no fault.[89]

    In May the firm agreed to pay a $15 million fine. The Securities and Exchange Commission accused the firm of deleting emails and failing to cooperate with SEC investigators.[90]

    On September 25, 2009, Citigroup Inc. filed a federal lawsuit against Morgan Stanley, claiming its rival failed to pay $245 million due under a credit default swap agreement. The breach-of-contract lawsuit was filed in Manhattan federal court and seeks unspecified damages.[91]

    2007[edit]

    FINRA announced a $12.5 million settlement with Morgan Stanley on September 27, 2007. This resolved charges that the firm's former affiliate, Morgan Stanley DW, Inc. (MSDW), failed on numerous occasions to provide emails to claimants in arbitration proceedings as well as to regulators. The company had claimed that the destruction of the firm's email servers in the September 11 attacks in 2001, terrorist attacks on New York's World Trade Center resulted in the loss of all emails before that date. In fact, the firm had millions of earlier emails that had been retrieved from backup copies stored in another location that was not destroyed in the attacks.[92] Customers who had lost their arbitration cases against Morgan Stanley DW Inc. because of their inability to obtain these emails to demonstrate Morgan Stanley's misconduct received a token amount of money as a result of the settlement.

    In July 2007, Morgan Stanley agreed to pay $4.4 million to settle a class-action lawsuit. The firm was accused of incorrectly charging clients for storage of precious metals.[93]

    In August 2007, Morgan Stanley was fined $1.5 million and paid $4.6 million in restitution to customers related to excessive mark-ups in 2,800 transactions. An employee was charged $40,000 and suspended for 15 days.[94]

    2008[edit]

    Under a settlement with New York Attorney General Andrew M. Cuomo, the firm agreed to repurchase approximately $4.5 billion worth of auction rate securities. The firm was accused of misrepresenting auction rate securities in their sales and marketing.[95]

    2009[edit]

    In March 2009, FINRA announced Morgan Stanley was to pay more than $7 million for misconduct in the handling of the accounts of 90 Rochester, New York-area retirees. [96]

    In May 2009, a trader at the firm was suspended by the FSA for a series of unauthorized commodities trades entered after becoming intoxicated during a three and half hour lunch.[97] A week later another trader at the firm was banned for deliberately disadvantaging clients by 'pre-hedging' trades without their consent.[98]

    The Financial Services Authority fined the firm £1.4m for failing to use controls properly relating to the actions of a rogue trader on one of its trading desks. Morgan Stanley admitted on June 18, 2008, this resulted in a $120m loss for the firm.[99]

    Morgan Stanley managing director Du Jun was convicted of insider trading after a criminal trial in Hong Kong. Mr. Du was accused of buying 26.7 million shares of Citic Resource Holdings while in possession of confidential information about the company. He gained this information as part of a Morgan Stanley team working with the company on a bond issuance and the purchase of an oil field in Kazakhstan. Morgan Stanley's compliance department was criticized for failing to detect Mr. Du's illegal trades.[100]

    2010s[edit]

    2010[edit]

    In April, the Commodity Futures Trading Commission announced the firm agreed to pay $14 million related to an attempt to hide prohibited trading activity in oil futures.[101]

    2011[edit]

    A Morgan Stanley trader was barred from the brokerage industry and fined for entering fake trades to fool firm risk management systems, causing millions in losses.[102]

    The Department of Justice sought a $4.8 million fine from Morgan Stanley for its part in an electricity price-fixing scandal. Con Edison estimated that the crime cost New York State consumers about $300 million. Morgan Stanley earned revenues of $21.6 million from the fraud.[103]

    2012[edit]

    On April 3, the Federal Reserve announced a consent order against the firm for "a pattern of misconduct and negligence in residential mortgage loan servicing and foreclosure processing". The consent order required the firm to review foreclosure proceedings conducted by the firm. The firm was also responsible for monetary sanctions. [104]

    Garth R. Peterson, one of Morgan Stanley's highest-ranking real estate executives in China, pleaded guilty on April 25 to violating U.S. federal anti-corruption laws. He was charged with secretly acquiring millions of dollars' worth of property investments for himself and a Chinese government official. The official steered business to Morgan Stanley.[105]

    Morgan Stanley was fined $55,000 by Nasdaq OMX for three violations of exchange rules. A Morgan Stanley client algorithm started buying and selling enormous volumes by mistake. Furthermore, after the exchange detected the error, they were unable to contact the employee responsible.[106]

    Morgan Stanley settled a claim from FINRA and paid restitution totaling almost $2.4 million. Morgan Stanley was accused of improperly supervising and training financial advisors in the use of non-traditional ETF products. This resulted in inappropriate recommendations to several retail brokerage customers.[107]

    Morgan Stanley is facing lawsuits and government investigation surrounding the Facebook IPO. It was claimed that Morgan Stanley downgraded their earnings forecasts for the company while conducting the IPO roadshow. Allegedly, they passed this information to only a handful of institutional investors. "The allegations, if true, are a matter of regulatory concern" to FINRA and the SEC according to FINRA Chairman Richard Ketchum.[108]

    Morgan Stanley agreed to pay a $5 million fine to the Commodity Futures Trading Commission and an additional $1.75 million to CME and the Chicago Board of Trade. Morgan Stanley employees improperly executed fictitious sales in Eurodollar and Treasury Note futures contracts.[109]

    On August 7, 2012, it was announced that Morgan Stanley would pay $4.8 million in fines to settle a price-fixing scandal, which had been estimated to have cost New Yorkers $300 million to date. Morgan Stanley made no admission of any wrongdoing; however, the Justice Department commented that they hoped this would "send a message to the banking industry".[110]

    2013[edit]

    In Morgan Stanley v. Skowron, 989 F. Supp. 2d 356 (S.D.N.Y. 2013), applying New York's faithless servant doctrine to a case involving Morgan Stanley's hedge fund subsidiary, United States District JudgeShira Scheindlin held that a hedge fund's employee engaging in insider trading in violation of his company's code of conduct, which also required him to report his misconduct, must repay his employer the full $31 million his employer paid him as compensation during his period of faithlessness.[111][112][113][114] Judge Scheindlin called the insider trading the "ultimate abuse of a portfolio manager's position".[112] The judge also wrote: ""In addition to exposing Morgan Stanley to government investigations and direct financial losses, Skowron's behavior damaged the firm's reputation, a valuable corporate asset."[112]

    2014[edit]

    In February, Morgan Stanley agreed to pay $1.25 billion to the US government, as a penalty for concealing the full risk associated with mortgage securities with the Federal Housing Finance Agency.[citation needed]

    In September 2014, Morgan Stanley agreed to pay $95 million to resolve a lawsuit by the Public Employees' Retirement System of Mississippi (MissPERS) and the West Virginia Investment Management Board. Morgan Stanley was accused of misleading investors in mortgage-backed securities.[115]

    2015[edit]

    In May 2015, Morgan Stanley was fined $2 million for short-interest reporting and rule violations for more than six years, by FINRA.[116]

    In June, FINRA announced that it fined Morgan Stanley Smith Barney, LLC (Morgan Stanley) $650,000 for failing to implement reasonable supervisory systems to monitor the transmittal of customer funds to third-party accounts. [117]

    2016[edit]

    February 2016, Morgan Stanley will pay $3.2 billion to settle with state and federal authorities over Morgan Stanley's creation of mortgage-backed bonds before the financial crisis.[118]

    August 2016, Morgan Stanley Hong Kong Securities Ltd. was fined HK$18.5 million ($2.4 million) by Hong Kong's securities regulator, Securities and Futures Commission, for violations of Hong Kong's Code of Conduct. Included was Morgan Stanley's failure to avoid a conflict of interest between principal and agency trading.[119]

    December 2016, another unit of Morgan Stanley paid $7.5 million to settle customer protection rule violations.[120]

    2017[edit]

    In January 2017, the corporation was fined $13 million due to overbilling and violating investor asset safeguarding custody rules. Morgan Stanley agreed to pay the fine without commenting on the charges.[120]

    2018[edit]

    Douglas E. Greenberg, a broker, was fired in 2018 after it was reported that four women from Lake Oswego, Oregon, had sought police protection against him over a 15-year period on allegations of harassment, threats, and assault.[121][122][123][124] According to the report, Morgan Stanley executives were aware of the allegations, and knew of at least two arrests and a federal subpoena against him, but did not take any action.[121][125] The story was called a #MeToo moment for Portland's financial service industry.[123] He managed tens of millions of dollars, and had made the 2018 Forbes list for top wealth advisors in Oregon.[121][126]

    In December 2018, FINRA announced a $10 million fine against Morgan Stanley for failures in its anti-money laundering compliance. Morgan Stanley violated the Bank Secrecy Act over a period of five years.[127]

    2019[edit]

    In April 2019, Morgan Stanley agreed to pay $150 million to settle charges that it had misled two large California public pension funds about the risks of mortgage-backed securities.[128] California Attorney General Xavier Becerra commented: "Morgan Stanley lied about the risk of its products and put profits over teachers and public employees who relied on its advice." Morgan Stanley denied wrongdoing.[129]

    In November 2019, Morgan Stanley fired or placed on leave four traders for suspected securities mismarking. The firm suspected that $100–140 million in losses were concealed by the mismarking of the value of the securities.[130]

    Morgan Stanley also paid $382,500 for failure to supervise a broker's trading activity over a four-year period.[131] The firm paid $225,000 for transactions where customers sold one municipal bond while purchasing another municipal bond that was nearly identical to the bond sold or provided no apparent economic benefit to the customer. These transactions generated $340,000 in commissions and fees for Morgan Stanley.[132]

    Morgan Stanley paid a $1.5 million fine to settle SEC claims that it put client money into more expensive mutual fund share classes when cheaper options were available despite representations to clients that it used tools to find the least costly option.[133]

    2020s[edit]

    2020[edit]

    In May 2020, Morgan Stanley agreed to pay a $5 million penalty to settle allegations made by the SEC that the corporation provided misleading information to some clients in the retail wrap fee programs regarding trade-execution services and transaction costs.[134]

    List of officers and directors[edit]

    Operating committee[135][edit]

    • James P. Gorman: Chairman and Chief Executive Officer
    • Jeff Brodsky: Vice Chairman
    • Mandell Crawley: Chief Human Resources Officer
    • Mark Eichorn: Global Co-Head of Investment Banking
    • Jed Finn: Chief Operating Officer of Wealth Management
    • Carol Greene-Vincent: Chief Audit Officer
    • Eric Grossman: Chief Legal Officer
    • Keishi Hotsuki: Chief Risk Officer
    • Susan Huang: Global Co-Head of Investment Banking
    • Sam Kellie-Smith: Global Head of Fixed Income
    • Shelley O'Connor: Vice Chairman and Head of External Affairs
    • Franck Petitgas: Head of International
    • Ted Pick: Co-President, Global Head of Institutional Securities
    • Michael A. Pizzi: Head of U.S. Banks
    • Jonathan Pruzan: Chief Operating Officer
    • Robert Rooney: Global Head of Technology, Operations, and Firm Resilience
    • Andy Saperstein: Co-President, Head of Wealth Management
    • Dan Simkowitz: Head of Investment Management
    • Clare Woodman: Head of Europe, the Middle East, and Africa
    • Sharon Yeshaya: Chief Financial Officer

    Board of directors[136][edit]

    List of former chief executives[137][edit]

    1. Richard B. Fisher (1991–1997)
    2. Phil Purcell (1997–2005)
    3. John Mack (2005–2009)

    Global and other headquarters[edit]

    The Morgan Stanley world headquarters are located in New York City, the European headquarters are in London, Asia Pacific headquarters are in both Hong Kong and Tokyo, Canada headquarters in Toronto. [138][139]

    Notable alumni[edit]

    • Dan Ammann, Chief Executive Officer, Cruise Automation[140]
    • Barton Biggs, author and hedge fund manager
    • Erskine Bowles, Clinton White House Chief of Staff
    • Richard A. Debs, Chairman of Carnegie Hall; Middle East power-broker
    • Bob Diamond, former Chief Executive Officer, Barclays
    • Egon Durban, Co-CEO, Silver Lake Partners
    • Henry A. Fernandez, CEO, MSCI, Inc.
    • Richard B. Fisher, Chairman of the Board, Rockefeller University and Bard College; member, Trilateral Commission
    • Ben Fried, Chief Information Officer, Google[141]
    • Eric Gleacher, Founder of Gleacher & Co.
    • Nina Godiwalla, author of Suits: A Woman on Wall Street
    • David Grimaldi, Chief Administrative Officer, New Castle County Government
    • John Havens, former President, Citigroup, Inc.
    • Nigel MacEwan, former Chief Executive Officer, Kleinwort Benson North America; former President, Merrill Lynch
    • John J. Mack, Chairman of the Board of New York-Presbyterian Hospital
    • Mary Meeker, Kleiner Perkins partner and founder, Bond Capital
    • Mitchell M. Merin, financial executive
    • Eileen Murray, Co-President, Bridgewater Associates
    • Dr. Ann Olivarius, Chair, McAllister Olivarius, trans-Atlantic employment and discrimination lawyer
    • Stephen A. Oxman, Assistant Secretary of State; Chair, Princeton University Board of Trustees
    • Vikram Pandit, former Chief Executive Officer, Citigroup
    • Joseph R. Perella, philanthropist; Founder of Perella Weinberg Partners
    • Charles E. Phillips, former President of Oracle, Inc.; C.E.O. of Infor
    • Ruth Porat, Chief Financial Officer; Alphabet Inc.
    • Frank Quattrone, Founder, Qatalyst Group
    • Steven Rattner, private equity manager and commentator
    • Stephen S. Roach, Yale University professor
    • Benjamin M. Rosen, Co-founder, Compaq Computer; Chairman, California Institute of Technology
    • David E. Shaw, hedge fund manager
    • Chip Skowron, hedge fund portfolio manager convicted of insider trading
    • Bjarne Stroustrup, developer of the C++ programming language [142]
    • John J. Studzinski, CBE, American-British investment banker and philanthropist
    • Andrew Toy, President and Chief Technology Officer, Clover Health, Divide co-founder [143][144]
    • Alexander Trewby, Divide co-founder[144]
    • Sir David Walker, Chairman, Barclays PLC
    • Kevin Warsh, G.W. Bush economic advisor; Member, Federal Reserve Board of Governors

    See also[edit]

    Notes[edit]

    1. ^Morgan Stanley 2020 Proxy statement
    2. ^ abc"Morgan Stanley 2019 Form 10-K Annual Report".
    3. ^"Basel III Pillar 3 Disclosures Report For the Quarterly Period Ended December 31, 2019"(PDF).
    4. ^"Fortune 500 Companies 2018: Who Made the List". Fortune. Retrieved November 10, 2018.
    5. ^ ab"Morgan Stanley Interactive Timeline". www.morganstanley.com. Archived from the original on March 23, 2016. Retrieved May 14, 2018.
    6. ^"Morgan Stanley Chairman and CEO Philip J. Purcell Announces Plans to Retire". Morgan Stanley. Retrieved May 14, 2018.
    7. ^"SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549 FORM 10-K (Morgan Stanley, Dean Witter, Discover & Co.)"(PDF). Morgan Stanley.
    8. ^"History of Morgan Stanley Dean Witter & Company – FundingUniverse". www.fundinguniverse.com. Retrieved May 14, 2018.
    9. ^ abcMcGeehan, Patrick (2001). "THE MARKETS: Market Place; Morgan Stanley decides to drop the Dean Witter name". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved May 14, 2018.
    10. ^ ab"MORGAN STANLEY'S NEW BRAND UNVEILS TUESDAY". Retrieved May 14, 2018.
    11. ^Wile, Rob. "DUELS, BOMBINGS AND APPLE: The Incredible Story Behind The Creation Of JPMorgan Chase". Business Insider. Retrieved April 27, 2020.
    12. ^ abBazoobandi, Sara (2013). The Political Economy of the Gulf Sovereign Wealth Funds: A Case Study of Iran, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates. Routledge. ISBN .
    13. ^Knee, Jonathan A. (August 15, 2006). The Accidental Investment Banker: Inside the Decade that Transformed Wall Street. Oxford University Press. ISBN .
    14. ^Committee, United States Congress House Temporary National Economic (1939). Investigation of Concentration of Economic Power: Hearings Before the Temporary National Economic Committee ... U.S. Government Printing Office.
    15. ^Saxon, Wolfgang (July 18, 1992). "Perry E. Hall, Founding Partner Of Morgan Stanley, Is Dead at 96". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved April 27, 2020.
    16. ^"World Bank Back in U.S. Debt Market". The New York Times. December 10, 1975. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved April 27, 2020.
    17. ^"Alumni Awards 2001 - Dick Fisher". HBS.edu. July 2, 2001. Retrieved September 3, 2014.
    18. ^Pak, Susie J. (June 1, 2013). Gentlemen Bankers. Harvard University Press. ISBN .
    19. ^Bleakley, Fred R. (June 17, 1985). "Goldman's Rise in Real Estate". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved April 27, 2020.
    20. ^Chernow, Ron (January 19, 2010). The House of Morgan: An American Banking Dynasty and the Rise of Modern Finance. Grove/Atlantic, Inc. ISBN .
    21. ^Tribune, Chicago. "VAN KAMPEN NEARING SALE TO MORGAN STANLEY". chicagotribune.com. Retrieved April 27, 2020.
    22. ^Truell, Peter (February 6, 1997). "Morgan Stanley and Dean Witter Agree to Merge". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved April 27, 2020.
    23. ^"Dean Witter to Buy Morgan Stanley in $10-Billion Deal". Los Angeles Times. February 6, 1997. Retrieved April 27, 2020.
    24. ^Newswires, Cheryl Winokur MunkDow Jones (January 30, 2001). "Morgan Stanley to Eliminate Dean Witter From Its Name". The Wall Street Journal. ISSN 0099-9660. Retrieved April 27, 2020.
    25. ^John, Satish; Nambisan, Raj (February 22, 2007). "U-turn: Finally, Nimesh Kampani sells out to Morgan Stanley". DNA India. Retrieved August 7, 2021.
    26. ^"Morgan Stanley Case Study"(PDF). FEMA. Retrieved April 27, 2020.
    27. ^Stewart, James B. (February 4, 2002). "The Real Heroes Are Dead". The New Yorker. Retrieved April 27, 2020.
    28. ^"Train named after Cornish 9/11 hero". BBC News. April 13, 2019. Retrieved April 27, 2020.
    29. ^"Surviving 9/11 gave former NHLer Rob Cimetta a new outlook on life". Archived from the original on October 28, 2009. Retrieved September 11, 2009.
    30. ^"Morgan Stanley 2005 Charitable Annual Report"(PDF). Archived from the original(PDF) on March 9, 2007. Retrieved May 5, 2007.
    31. ^"At Children's Hospitals, Friendly Designs". The New York Times. November 17, 2002.
    32. ^"NewYork-Presbyterian Morgan Stanley Children's Hospital

      Small Business Banking

      Why doesn't the LGBTQ plus community have a spirit, that's created by us and targets us directly? Trademarks, TTBs, one year later, and Lambda Vodka's on the market and in stores.

      So we decided to go with vodka because we went with our own personal opinion when we go out to nightclubs and bars, is that vodka is one of the number one spirits that we see being purchased. And it's one of the easiest to distill.

      So my husband, he did a little more research to the community, which was very smart.

      And he found out the significance of the Greek lambda symbol within the LGBTQ community, and that signified gay liberation in the 1970s during the Stonewall Era. So we thought, wow, this is a good connection.

      It was perfect. Yeah.

      Good connection for us in the community. We've amassed such a huge amount of support from the community and surprisingly so. So it started off as a hobby.

      He was just gonna try it out. Let's do one pallet and see how it goes.

      Before you know, it's like, okay, we can't stop.

      We have to keep going because everybody wants this.

      It's hard to get a spirit into location. So we were humble enough to get 20 plus locations to purchase our spirit on top of working a full-time job.

      But we still thought, well, how can we go about alleviating the full-time job from the equation and focusing directly on the spirit.

      Why not open a brick-and-mortar to sell your product in your location?

      So that's why we decided to go into business of opening our very own lounge, and Lambda Lounge is here. I heard somebody outside call it the gay Cheers.

      Lambda Vodka as well as Lambda Lounge are supportive of the LGBTQ community because we are providing a safe space for us to commune.

      We're open six nights a week strictly for the LGBTQ plus community and supporters of the community because there aren't a lot of places in Harlem that give us access every night of the week.

      When we decided to do the lounge, we knew that we were gonna need funding for it. So then it came, okay, we have to go to a financial institution, and TD Bank reached out to us.

      And when I tell you they came, and they presented extremely well,we've never felt more at home with the bank than when we met Steven at TD Bank.

      I think what caught us off guard was we had no idea that there was a bank that actually had a sector of it's dedicated specifically to the LGBTQ community.

      That immediately, finding that out, we were sold.

      And to add on to that, not just for the community, but having someone from the community be a representation of it. So, I mean, that really made us feel at home.

      We had tried other routes before going to TD Bank. We went the SBA route.We tried to get grants.We tried these avenues, and they weren't receptive. So we ended up deciding to go with different lenders.We didn't want to accumulate a lot of debt in this process, but it turned out to be something that was necessary and TD Bank,(man speaks faintly) Yeah, they were right on point with it.

      We were able to get our home equity line of credit. So we moved all of our accounts over to TD Bank.

      And Steven, he really seemed genuine that he cared, not only trying to get our business,but he also provided us with resources for people to look over our business plan.

      And this was prior to us even having business with TD Bank. So it's a little more than getting business. They actually do care about you.

      When I met Charles and Richard, they had this amazing vodka brand that they had just built and had aspirations of opening up a lounge.

      And when we sat down, I saw that there were so many opportunities to really connect them to some technical assistance providers that I was partnered with to really help with getting them the resources they needed to access capital and start their brand. Starting a business is such a daunting experience because there's so many things that you don't know and you need help with.

      And being able to help connect them to these resources really made a difference. And that's kind of what we're looking for as I go out into the community, is to really help make a difference through,not just our products and services, but the resources that I can help provide.

      (relaxing music)

      Источник: https://www.td.com/us/en/small-business/

      Division of Unemployment Insurance

      Fraudulent Unemployment Insurance Activity

      Report Fraud

      With the record number of unemployment insurance claims filed during the COVID-19 pandemic, Maryland, and states across the entire country, have seen an increase in activity by bad actors and fraudsters using illegally obtained data to file fraudulent unemployment insurance claims. Please note that there has been NO breach in our BEACON unemployment system.

      If you believe that your information has been used to fraudulently file an unemployment insurance claim, please contact the Division of Unemployment Insurance’s Benefit Payment Control Unit by completing a “Request for Investigation of Unemployment Insurance Fraud” form and e-mailing it to [email protected]

      If you received a 1099-G tax form, but did not apply for unemployment insurance benefits in Maryland in 2020, then please complete this Affidavit form and submit it along with picture ID to the Benefit Payment Control Unit by e-mailing [email protected]

      If you are an employer and believe a fraudulent claim has been charged to your account, please file a benefit charge protest through your employer portal.

      If you believe fraudulent transactions have been made on your Bank of America Debit Card, please contact the Debit Card Customer Service Center at 1-855-847-2029 to file a report and request a replacement card.

      Avoid Scams

      We have been alerted to a number of potential scam operations that are attempting to prey on unemployment insurance claimants. To help you distinguish between legitimate assistance from Maryland Division of Unemployment Insurance (DUI) staff and fraudulent assistance from a potential scammer, please remember the following:

      • DUI will never request or require payment for assistance with unemployment insurance, especially not through apps like Venmo or Cashapp.
      • DUI staff will not provide assistance to claimants through direct message on social media platforms like Facebook, Twitter, or LinkedIn.
      • DUI will never arrange for an adjudication or fact-finding interview over any teleconferencing platform, such as Zoom, BlueJeans, Google Hangout Meets, or Skype.
      • DUI does not provide assistance through text message and will not send any links asking a claimant to verify their account through text.
      • DUI will never ask for your bank account number, debit card number, or credit card number over e-mail or on social media
      • DUI will never request your BEACON password over e-mail.
      • All e-mails from legitimate DUI staff will come from a @maryland.gov e-mail address.
      • Do not provide any sensitive information related to your Maryland unemployment insurance claim by e-mail unless it is to a @maryland.gov e-mail address.

      Avoid Scams on Social Media

      Please be aware of pages and scammers on social media pretending to be the Maryland Department of Labor. Scammers are replicating the Maryland Department of Labor’s social media pages, directly messaging claimants, and attempting to steal their identity by asking for their personal information. These pages are particularly targeting members of unemployment groups on Facebook.

      Fraudulent pages may look similar, but are newly created, do not have a lengthy history of posts, spelled differently (often with typos), and not verified with a blue check mark. “Maryland department of labour” is an example of a fraudulent page that looks similar, but is spelled differently. If you find a fraudulent page, please report it to the social media platform immediately and DO NOT respond to their messages.

      Links to the Maryland Department of Labor’s official government agency social media pages can be found below:

      Identity Theft Resources

      If you believe you have been a victim of identity theft, please read the Maryland State Police's Identity Theft Protection Quick Guide. For more information about identity theft, please visit the Commissioner of Financial Regulation identity theft page.

      Источник: https://www.dllr.state.md.us/employment/unemployment.shtml
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      Deposit and lending services are offered by Thrivent Credit Union, the marketing name for Thrivent Federal Credit Union, a member-owned not-for-profit financial cooperative that is federally insured by the National Credit Union Administration and doing business in accordance with the Federal Fair Lending Laws. Insurance, securities, investment advisory and trust and investment management accounts and services offered by Thrivent, the marketing name for Thrivent Financial for Lutherans, or its affiliates are not deposits or obligations of Thrivent Federal Credit Union, are not guaranteed by Thrivent Federal Credit Union or any bank, are not insured by the NCUA, FDIC or any other federal government agency, and involve investment risk, including possible loss of the principal amount invested. Must qualify for membership in TCU.

      T.COM-Z

      Источник: https://www.thrivent.com/

    Thrive With Purpose

    Small Business Banking

    Why doesn't the LGBTQ plus community have a spirit, that's created by us and targets us directly? Trademarks, TTBs, one year later, and Lambda Vodka's on the market and in stores.

    So we decided to go with vodka because we went with our own personal opinion when we go out to nightclubs and bars, is that vodka is one of the number one spirits that we see being purchased. And it's one of the easiest to distill.

    So my husband, he did a little more research to the community, which was very smart.

    And he found out the significance of the Greek lambda symbol within the LGBTQ community, and that signified gay liberation in the 1970s during the Stonewall Era. So we thought, wow, this is a good connection.

    It was perfect. Yeah.

    Good connection for us in the community. We've amassed such a huge amount of support from the community and surprisingly so. So it started off as a hobby.

    He was just gonna try it out. Let's do one pallet and see how it goes.

    Before you know, it's like, okay, we can't stop.

    We have to keep going because everybody wants this.

    It's hard to get a spirit into location. So we were humble enough to get 20 plus locations to purchase our spirit on top of working a full-time job.

    But we still thought, well, how can we go about alleviating the full-time job from the equation and focusing directly on the spirit.

    Why not open a brick-and-mortar to sell your product in your location?

    So that's why we decided to go into business of opening our very own lounge, and Lambda Lounge is here. I heard somebody outside call it the gay Cheers.

    Lambda Vodka as well as Lambda Lounge are supportive of the LGBTQ community because we are providing a safe space for us to commune.

    We're open six nights a week strictly for the LGBTQ plus community and supporters of the community because there aren't a lot of places in Harlem that give us access every night of the week.

    When we decided to do the lounge, we knew that we were gonna need funding for it. So then it came, okay, we have to go to a financial institution, and TD Bank reached out to us.

    And when I tell you they came, and they presented extremely well,we've never felt more at home with the bank than when we met Steven at TD Bank.

    I think what caught us off guard was we had no idea that there was a bank that actually had a sector of it's dedicated specifically to the LGBTQ community.

    That immediately, finding that out, we were sold.

    And to add on to that, not just for the community, but having someone from the community be a representation of it. So, I mean, that really made us feel at home.

    We had tried other routes before going to TD Bank. We went the SBA route.We tried to get grants.We tried these avenues, and they weren't receptive. So we ended up deciding to go with different lenders.We didn't want to accumulate a lot of debt in this process, but it turned out to be something that was necessary and TD Bank,(man speaks faintly) Yeah, they were right on point with it.

    We were able to get our home equity line of credit. So we moved all of our accounts over to TD Bank.

    And Steven, he really seemed genuine that he cared, not only trying to get our business,but he also provided us with resources for people to look over our business plan.

    And this was prior to us even having business with TD Bank. So it's a little more than getting business. They actually do care about you.

    When I met Charles and Richard, they had this amazing vodka brand that they had just built and had aspirations of opening up a lounge.

    And when we sat down, I saw that there were so many opportunities to really connect them to some technical assistance providers that I was partnered with to really help with getting them the resources they needed to access capital and start their brand. Starting a business is such a daunting experience because there's so many things that you don't know and you need help with.

    And being able to help connect them to these resources really made a difference. And that's kind of what we're looking for as I go out into the community, is to really help make a difference through,not just our products and services, but the resources that I can help provide.

    (relaxing music)

    Источник: https://www.td.com/us/en/small-business/

    Morgan Stanley

    American financial services company

    Morgan Stanley Logo.svg
    Morgan Stanley Headquarters (48105951892).jpg

    Morgan Stanley's office on Times Square, New York City

    TypePublic

    Traded as

    IndustryFinancial services
    Founded
    FounderHenry Sturgis Morgan
    Harold Stanley
    Dean G. Witter
    Richard S. Reynolds, Jr.
    HeadquartersMorgan Stanley Building
    New York City, New York, U.S.

    Area served

    International service

    Key people

    James P. Gorman
    (Chairman & CEO)
    Ted Pick
    (Co-President)
    Andy Saperstein
    (Co-President)
    Jonathan Pruzan
    (Chief Operating Officer)
    Sharon Yeshaya
    (CFO)
    ProductsInvestment banking, Sales and trading, Commodities, Prime brokerage, Wealth management, Investment management
    RevenueIncreaseUS$48.2 billion (2020)

    Operating income

    Increase US$13.648 billion (2020)

    Net income

    Increase US$11 billion (2020)
    AUMIncrease US$715 billion (2020)
    Total assetsIncrease US$1,118 billion (2020)
    Total equityIncrease US$101.78 billion (2020)
    OwnerMUFG (24.0%) [1]

    Number of employees

    68,097 (2020)
    SubsidiariesMorgan Stanley Wealth Management
    E-Trade
    Eaton Vance
    Capital ratio17.3% (FY 2020)
    Websitemorganstanley.com
    Footnotes / references
    [2][3]

    Morgan Stanley is an American multinational investment bank and financial services company headquartered at 1585 Broadway in the Morgan Stanley Building, Midtown Manhattan, New Bank of america hr connect phone number City. With offices in more than 42 countries and more than 60,000 employees, the firm's clients include corporations, governments, institutions, and individuals.[2] Morgan Stanley ranked No. 67 in the 2018 Fortune 500 list of the largest United States corporations by total revenue.[4]

    The original Morgan Stanley, formed by J.P. Morgan & Co. partners Henry Sturgis Morgan (grandson of J.P. Morgan), Harold Stanley, and others, came into existence on September 16, 1935, in response to the Glass–Steagall Act that required the splitting of commercial and investment banking businesses.[5] In its first year, the company operated with a 24% market share (US$1.1 billion) in public offerings and private placements.

    The current Morgan Stanley is the result of merger of the original Morgan Stanley with Dean Witter Discover & Co. in 1997.[5] Dean Witter's Chairman and CEO, Philip J. Purcell, became the Chairman and CEO of the newly merged "Morgan Stanley Dean Witter Discover & Co."[6][7] The new firm changed its name back to "Morgan Stanley" in 2001.[8][9][10] The main areas of business for the firm today are institutional securities, wealth management bank of america hr connect phone number investment management. The bank is considered systemically important by the Financial Stability Board.

    Overview[edit]

    Morgan Stanley is a financial services corporation that, through its affiliates and subsidiaries, advises, and originates, trades, manages, and distributes capital for institutions, governments, and individuals. The company operates in three business segments: Institutional Securities, Wealth Management, and Investment Management.[2]

    History[edit]

    See also: JPMorgan Chase and J.P. Morgan & Co.

    The original Morgan Stanley (1935–1997)[edit]

    Morgan Stanley traces its roots to J.P. Morgan & Co. Following the Glass–Steagall Act, it was no longer possible for a corporation to have investment banking and commercial banking businesses under a single holding entity.[11][12] J.P. Morgan & Co. chose the commercial banking business over the investment banking business. As a result, some of the employees of J.P. Morgan & Co., most notably Henry S. Morgan and Harold Stanley, left J.P. Morgan & Co. and joined others from the Drexel partners to form Morgan Stanley.[12] The firm formally opened the doors for business on September 16, 1935, at 2 Wall Street, New York City, just down the street from J.P Morgan.[13] The firm was involved with the distribution of 1938 US$100 million of debentures for the United States Steel Corporation as the lead underwriter.[14] The bank of america hr connect phone number also obtained the distinction of being the lead syndicate in the 1939 U.S. rail financing.[citation needed] The firm went through a reorganization in 1941 to allow for more activity in its securities business.[citation needed]

    The firm was led by Perry Hall, the last founder to lead Morgan Stanley, from 1951 until 1961.[15] During this period, the firm co-managed the World Bank's triple-A-rated bonds offering of 1952,[16] as well as coming up with General Motors' US$300 million debt issue,[citation needed] US$231 million IBM stock offering,[citation needed] and the US$250 million AT&T's debt offering.[citation needed]

    Morgan Stanley credits itself with having created the first viable computer model for financial analysis in 1962, thereby starting a new trend in the field of financial analysis. Future president and chairman Dick Fisher contributed to the computer model as a young employee, learning the FORTRAN and COBOL programming languages at IBM.[17] In 1967, it established the Morgan & Cie, International in Paris in an attempt to enter the European securities market.[18] The firm acquired Brooks, Harvey & Co., Inc. in 1967 and established a presence in the real estate business.[19] The sales and trading business is believed to be the brainchild of Bob Baldwin.[20]

    In 1996, Morgan Stanley acquired Van Kampen American Capital.[21]

    Morgan Stanley after the merger (1997–present)[edit]

    Current Morgan Stanley Logo 2013
    Historical logo used by Morgan Stanley in the early 2000s

    On February 5, 1997, the company merged with Dean Witter Discover & Co., the spun-off financial services business of Sears Roebuck.[22] Dean Witter's Chairman and CEO, Philip J. Purcell, continued to hold the same roles in the newly merged "Morgan Stanley Dean Witter Discover & Co." Morgan Stanley’s president John J. Mack became the firm’s president and chief operating officer.[23] In 1998, the name of the firm was changed to "Morgan Stanley Dean Witter & Co."[24] Originally, the name was chosen to be the combination of the two predecessor companies in order to avoid tension between the two firms.[9] Eventually in 2001 "Dean Witter" was further dropped and the name became "Morgan Stanley" for unrevealed reasons.[9][10] The merged firm began expanding overseas operations: in 1999, Mack set up a joint venture in India with local partner JM Financial.[25]

    Morgan Stanley had offices located on 35 floors across buildings 1, 2, and 5 of the World Trade Center, and was the largest tenant of the WTC complex. Most of these offices had been inherited from Dean Witter which had occupied the space since the mid-1980s.[citation needed] The firm lost 13 employees during the September 11 attacks in 2001[26] (Thomas F. Swift, Wesley Mercer, Jennifer de Jesus, Joseph DiPilato, Nolbert Salomon, Godwin Forde, Steve R. Strauss, Lindsay C. Herkness, Albert Joseph, Jorge Velazquez, Titus Davidson, Charles Laurencin and Security Director Rick Rescorla) in the towers, while 2,687 were successfully evacuated by Rick Rescorla.[27][28] The surviving employees moved to temporary headquarters in the vicinity. In 2005 Morgan Stanley moved 2,300 of its employees back to lower Manhattan, at that time the largest such move.[29]

    Morgan Stanley Children's Hospital of New York-Presbyterian is the only stand-alone pediatric hospital in New York City and is part of New York-Presbyterian Hospital

    In 2003, NewYork–Presbyterian Hospital named the Morgan Stanley Children's Hospital in recognition of the firm's sponsorship of the hospital, bank of america hr connect phone number largely funded its construction through philanthropy.[30] The initiative began under CEO Philip J. Purcell and was completed under John Mack. Employees at the firm have been involved with the hospital since the 1990s and personally donated to the construction of the current child-friendly building, which opened in November 2003.[31][32]

    The company found itself in the midst of a management crisis starting in March 2005[33] that resulted in a loss of the firm's staff.[34] Purcell resigned as CEO of Morgan Stanley in June 2005 when a highly public campaign by former Morgan Stanley partners[35][36] threatened to damage the firm and challenged his refusal to aggressively increase leverage, increase risk, enter the sub-prime mortgage business and make expensive acquisitions; the same strategies that forced Morgan Stanley into massive write-downs, related to the subprime mortgage crisis, by 2007.[37]

    On December 19, 2006, Morgan Stanley announced the spin-off of its Discover Card unit.[38] The bank completed the spinoff of Discover Financial on June 30, 2007.[39][citation needed]

    In February 2007, Morgan Stanley announced the end of its Indian joint venture: the bank acquired its local partner's stake in the institutional brokerage business, and sold its own stake in the other businesses.[40][41] The bank then set up a wholly-owned subsidiary; the country head of Investment Management, Narayan Ramachandran, became CEO of the new subsidiary. Aisha de Sequeira, a Managing Director in the Mergers and Acquisitions group, was made Head of Investment Banking.[42]

    In order to cope with the write-downs during the subprime mortgage crisis, Morgan Stanley announced on December 19, 2007, that it would receive a US$5 billion capital infusion from the China Investment Corporation in exchange for securities that would be convertible to 9.9% of its shares in 2010.[43][44]

    The bank's Process Driven Trading unit was amongst several on Wall Street caught in a short squeeze, reportedly losing nearly $300 million in one day. The bubble's subsequent collapse was considered to be a central feature of the financial crisis of 2007–2010.[45]

    The bank was contracted by the United States Treasury in August 2008 to advise the government on potential rescue strategies for Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac.[46] Within days, Morgan Stanley itself was at risk of failure, with rapidly changing prospects, regulatory model and ownership stakes over the course of four weeks from mid-September to mid-October 2008.

    To set the context: Morgan Stanley is said to have lost over 80% of its market value between 2007 and 2008 during the financial crisis.[47] On September 17, 2008, the British evening-news analysis program Newsnight reported that Morgan Stanley was facing difficulties after a 42% slide in its share price in two days. CEO John J. Mack wrote in a memo to staff "we're in the midst of a market does amazon prime have a student discount by fear and rumours and short-sellers are driving our stock down." By September 19, 2008, the share price had slid 57% in four days, and the company was said to have explored merger possibilities with CITIC, Wachovia, HSBC, Standard Chartered, Banco Santander and Nomura.[48] At one point, Hank Paulson offered Morgan Stanley to JPMorgan Chase at no cost, but JPMorgan's Jamie Dimon refused the offer.[49]

    Morgan Stanley and Goldman Sachs, the last two major investment banks in the US, both announced on September 22, 2008, that they would become traditional bank holding companies regulated by the Federal Reserve.[50] The Federal Reserve's approval of their bid to become banks ended the ascendancy of securities firms, 75 years after Congress separated them from deposit-taking lenders, and capped weeks of chaos that sent Lehman Brothers Holdings Inc. into bankruptcy and led to the rushed sale of Merrill Lynch & Co. to Bank of America Corp.[51]

    MUFG Bank, Japan's largest bank, invested $9 billion in a direct purchase of a 21% ownership stake in Morgan Stanley on September 29, 2008.[52] The payment from MUFG was supposed to be wired electronically; however, because it needed to be made on an emergency basis on Columbus Day when banks were closed in the US, MUFG cut a US$9 billion physical check, the largest amount written via physical check at the time.[53][54] The physical check was accepted by Robert A. Kindler, Global Head of Mergers and Acquisitions and Vice Chairman of Morgan Stanley, at the offices of Wachtell Lipton.[55] Concerns over the completion of the Mitsubishi deal during the October 2008 stock market volatility caused a dramatic fall in Morgan Stanley's stock price to levels last seen in 1994. It recovered once Mitsubishi UFJ's 21% stake in Morgan Stanley was completed on October 14, 2008.[56][57][58][59]

    Morgan Stanley borrowed $107.3 billion from the Fed during the business credit card application crisis, the most of any bank, according to data compiled by Bloomberg News Service and published August 22, 2011.[60]

    In 2009, Morgan Stanley purchased Smith Barney from Citigroup and the new broker-dealer operates under the name Morgan Stanley Smith Barney, the largest wealth management business in the world.

    In November 2013, Morgan Stanley announced that it would invest $1 billion to help improve affordable housing as part of a wider push to encourage investment in efforts that aid economic, social and environmental sustainability.[61]

    In July 2014, Morgan Stanley's Asian private equity arm announced it had raised around $1.7 billion for its fourth fund in the area.[62]

    In December 2015, it was reported that Morgan Stanley would be cutting around 25 percent of its fixed income jobs before month end.[63] In January 2016, the company reported that it had offices in more than 43 countries.[64]

    In October 2020, the company completed its acquisition of E-Trade, a deal announced in February 2020.[65][66]

    In March 2021, Morgan Stanley completed its acquisition of Eaton Vance, a deal announced in October 2020. With the addition of Eaton Vance, Morgan Stanley now had $5.4 trillion of client assets across its Wealth Management and Investment Management segments.[67]

    Organization[edit]

    The company's 3 divisions are as follows:

    Institutional Securities Group[edit]

    Morgan Stanley's Institutional Securities is the most profitable business segment. This business segment provides institutions with services such as capital raising and financial advisory services including mergers and acquisitions advisory, restructurings, real estate and project finance, and corporate lending. The segment also encompasses the Equities and the Fixed Income divisions of the firm; trading is anticipated to maintain its position as the "engine room" of the company.[68] Among the major U.S. banks, Morgan Stanley sources the highest portion of revenues from fixed income underwriting which was reported at 6.0% of total revenue in FY12.[69]

    Wealth Management[edit]

    The Global Wealth Management Group provides stockbrokerage and investment advisory services. This segment provides financial and wealth planning services to its clients, who are primarily high-net-worth individuals.

    On January 13, 2009, the Global Wealth Management Group was merged with Citi's Smith Barney to form Morgan Stanley Smith Barney. Morgan Stanley owned 51% of the entity, and Citi holds 49%.[70] On May 31, 2012, Morgan Stanley exercised its option to purchase an additional 14% of the joint venture from Citi.[71] In June 2013, Morgan Stanley stated it had secured all regulatory approvals to buy Citigroup's remaining 35% stake in Smith Barney and would proceed to finalize the deal.[72]

    Investment Management[edit]

    Investment Management provides asset management products and services in equity, fixed income, alternative investments, real estate investment, and private equity to institutional and retail clients through third-party retail distribution channels, intermediaries and Morgan Stanley's institutional distribution channel. Morgan Stanley's asset management activities were principally conducted under the Morgan Stanley and Van Kampen brands until 2009.

    On October 19, 2009, Morgan Stanley announced that it would sell Van Kampen to Invesco for $1.5 billion, but would retain the Morgan Stanley brand.[73] It provides asset management products and services to institutional investors worldwide, including pension plans, corporations, private funds, non-profit organizations, foundations, endowments, governmental agencies, insurance companies and banks.

    On September 29, 2013, Morgan Stanley announced a partnership with Longchamp Asset Management, a French-based asset manager that specializes in the distribution of UCITS hedge funds, and La Française AM, a multi-specialist asset manager with a 10-year track record in alternative investments.[74]

    Awards and honors[edit]

    • Morgan Stanley was named one of the 100 Best Companies for Working Mothers in 2004 by Working Mothers magazine.[75]
    • Family Digest magazine named Morgan Stanley one of the "Best Companies for African Americans" in June 2004.[76]
    • The Times listed Morgan Stanley 5th in its 20 Best Big Companies to Work For 2006.[77]
    • Great Place to Work Institute Japan in 2007 ranked Morgan Stanley as the second best corporation to work in Japan, based on the opinions of the employees and the corporate culture.[78]

    Lawsuits[edit]

    2000s[edit]

    2003[edit]

    In 2003, Morgan Stanley agreed to pay $125 million to settle its portion of a $1.4 billion settlement of a suit brought by Eliot Spitzer, the Attorney General of New York, the National Association of Securities Dealers (now the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority (FINRA), the United States Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), and a number of state securities regulators, relating to intentionally misleading research motivated by a desire to win investment banking business with the companies covered.[79]

    2004[edit]

    In June 2004, the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) imposed a penalty of a censure and $140,000 fine for incorrectly using customers' margined securities as collateral for cash management loans.[80]

    In 2004, Morgan Stanley settled a sex discrimination suit brought by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission for $54 million.[81] In 2007, the firm agreed to pay $46 million to settle a class action lawsuit brought by eight female brokers.[82]

    In July 2004, the firm paid NASD a $2.2 million fine for more than 1,800 late disclosures of reportable information about its brokers.[83]

    In September 2004, the firm paid a $19 million fine imposed by NYSE for failure to deliver prospectuses to customers in registered offerings, inaccurate reporting of certain program trading information, short sale violations, failures to fingerprint new employees and failure to timely file exchange forms.[84]

    In December 2004, the firm paid a $100,000 fine to NASD and $211,510 in restitution to customers for failure to make proper disclosures to municipal bond investors. In the course of NASD's investigation, Morgan Stanley's failure to make a timely response to requests for information resulted in censure and an additional $25,000 fine.[85]

    2005[edit]

    The New York Stock Exchange imposed a $19 million fine on January 12, 2005, for alleged regulatory and supervisory lapses. At the time, it was the largest fine ever imposed by the NYSE.[86]

    On May 16, 2005, a Florida jury found that Morgan Stanley failed to give adequate information to Ronald Perelman about Sunbeam thereby defrauding him and causing damages to him of $604 million. In addition, punitive damages were added for total damages of $1.450 billion. This verdict was directed by the judge as a sanction against Morgan Stanley after the firm's attorneys infuriated the court by failing and refusing to produce documents, and falsely telling the court that certain documents did not exist.[87] The ruling was overturned on March 21, 2007, and Morgan Stanley was no longer required to pay the $1.57 billion verdict.[88]

    2006[edit]

    Morgan Stanley settled a class-action lawsuit on March 2, 2006. It had been filed in California by both current and former Morgan Stanley employees for unfair labor practices instituted to those in the financial advisor training program. Employees of the program had claimed the firm expected trainees to clock overtime hours without additional pay and handle various administrative expenses as a result of their expected duties. A $42.5 million settlement was reached and Morgan Stanley admitted no fault.[89]

    In May the firm agreed to pay a $15 million fine. The Securities and Exchange Commission accused the firm of deleting emails and failing to cooperate with SEC investigators.[90]

    On September 25, 2009, Citigroup Inc. filed a federal lawsuit against Morgan Stanley, claiming its rival failed to pay $245 million due under a credit default swap agreement. The breach-of-contract lawsuit was filed in Manhattan federal court and seeks unspecified damages.[91]

    2007[edit]

    FINRA announced a $12.5 million settlement with Morgan Stanley on September 27, 2007. This resolved charges that the firm's former affiliate, Morgan Stanley DW, Inc. (MSDW), failed on numerous occasions to provide emails to claimants in arbitration proceedings as well as to regulators. The company had claimed that the destruction of the firm's email servers in the September 11 attacks in 2001, terrorist attacks on New York's World Trade Center resulted in the loss of all emails before that date. In fact, the firm had millions of earlier emails that had been retrieved from backup copies stored in another location that was not destroyed in the attacks.[92] Customers who had lost their arbitration cases against Morgan Stanley DW Inc. because of their inability to obtain these emails to demonstrate Morgan Stanley's misconduct received a token amount of money as a result of the settlement.

    In July 2007, Morgan Stanley agreed to pay $4.4 million to settle a class-action lawsuit. The firm was accused of incorrectly charging clients for storage of precious metals.[93]

    In August 2007, Morgan Stanley was fined $1.5 million and paid $4.6 million in restitution to customers related to excessive mark-ups in 2,800 transactions. An employee was charged $40,000 and suspended for 15 days.[94]

    2008[edit]

    Under a settlement with New York Attorney General Andrew M. Cuomo, the firm agreed to repurchase approximately $4.5 billion worth of auction rate securities. The firm was accused of misrepresenting auction rate securities in their sales and marketing.[95]

    2009[edit]

    In March 2009, FINRA announced Morgan Stanley was to pay more than $7 million for misconduct in the handling of the accounts of 90 Rochester, New York-area retirees. [96]

    In May 2009, a trader at the firm was suspended by the FSA for a series of unauthorized commodities trades entered after becoming intoxicated during a three and half hour lunch.[97] A week later another trader at the firm was banned for deliberately disadvantaging clients by 'pre-hedging' trades without their consent.[98]

    The Financial Services Authority fined the firm £1.4m for failing to use controls properly relating to the actions of a rogue trader on one of its trading desks. Morgan Stanley admitted on June 18, 2008, this resulted in a $120m loss for the firm.[99]

    Morgan Stanley managing director Du Jun was convicted of insider trading after a criminal trial in Hong Kong. Mr. Du was accused of buying 26.7 million shares of Citic Resource Holdings while in possession of confidential information about the company. He gained this information as part of a Morgan Stanley team working with the company on a bond issuance and the purchase of an oil field in Kazakhstan. Morgan Stanley's compliance department was criticized for failing to detect Mr. Du's illegal trades.[100]

    2010s[edit]

    2010[edit]

    In April, the Commodity Futures Trading Commission announced the firm agreed to pay $14 million related to an attempt to hide prohibited trading activity in oil futures.[101]

    2011[edit]

    A Morgan Stanley trader was barred from the brokerage industry and fined for entering fake trades to fool firm risk management systems, causing millions in losses.[102]

    The Department of Justice sought a $4.8 million fine from Morgan Stanley for its part in an electricity price-fixing scandal. Con Edison estimated that the crime cost New York State consumers about $300 million. Morgan Stanley earned revenues of $21.6 million from the fraud.[103]

    2012[edit]

    On April 3, the Federal Reserve announced a consent order against the firm for "a pattern of misconduct and negligence in residential mortgage loan servicing and foreclosure processing". The consent order required the firm to review foreclosure proceedings conducted by the firm. The firm was also responsible for monetary sanctions. [104]

    Garth R. Peterson, one of Morgan Stanley's highest-ranking real estate executives in China, pleaded guilty on April 25 to violating U.S. federal anti-corruption laws. He was charged with secretly acquiring millions of dollars' worth of property investments for himself and a Chinese government official. The official steered business to Morgan Stanley.[105]

    Morgan Stanley was fined $55,000 by Nasdaq OMX for three violations of exchange rules. A Morgan Stanley client algorithm started buying and selling enormous volumes by mistake. Furthermore, after the exchange detected the error, they were unable to contact the employee responsible.[106]

    Morgan Stanley settled a claim from FINRA and paid restitution totaling almost $2.4 million. Morgan Stanley was accused of improperly supervising and training financial advisors in the use of non-traditional ETF products. This resulted in inappropriate recommendations to several retail brokerage customers.[107]

    Morgan Stanley is facing lawsuits and government investigation surrounding the Facebook IPO. It was claimed that Morgan Stanley downgraded their earnings forecasts for the company while conducting the IPO roadshow. Allegedly, they passed this information to only a handful of institutional investors. "The allegations, if true, are a matter of regulatory concern" to FINRA and the SEC according to FINRA Chairman Richard Ketchum.[108]

    Morgan Stanley agreed to pay a $5 million fine to the Commodity Futures Trading Commission and an additional $1.75 million to CME and the Chicago Board of Trade. Morgan Stanley employees improperly executed fictitious sales in Eurodollar and Treasury Note futures contracts.[109]

    On August 7, 2012, it was announced that Morgan Stanley would pay $4.8 million in fines to settle a price-fixing scandal, which had been estimated to have cost New Yorkers $300 million to date. Morgan Stanley made no admission of any wrongdoing; however, the Justice Department commented that they hoped this would "send a message to the banking industry".[110]

    2013[edit]

    In Morgan Stanley v. Skowron, 989 F. Supp. 2d 356 (S.D.N.Y. 2013), applying New York's faithless servant doctrine to a case involving Morgan Stanley's hedge fund subsidiary, United States District JudgeShira Scheindlin held that a hedge fund's employee engaging in insider trading in violation of his company's code of conduct, which also required him to report his misconduct, must repay his employer the full $31 million his employer paid him as compensation during his period of faithlessness.[111][112][113][114] Judge Scheindlin called the insider trading the "ultimate abuse of a portfolio manager's position".[112] The judge also wrote: ""In addition to exposing Morgan Stanley to government investigations and direct financial losses, Skowron's behavior damaged the firm's reputation, a valuable corporate asset."[112]

    2014[edit]

    In February, Morgan Stanley agreed to pay $1.25 billion to the US government, as a penalty for concealing the full risk associated with mortgage securities with the Federal Housing Finance Agency.[citation needed]

    In September 2014, Morgan Stanley agreed to pay $95 million to resolve a lawsuit by the Public Employees' Retirement System of Mississippi (MissPERS) and the West Virginia Investment Management Board. Morgan Stanley was accused of misleading investors in mortgage-backed securities.[115]

    2015[edit]

    In May 2015, Morgan Stanley was fined $2 million for short-interest reporting and rule violations for more than six years, by FINRA.[116]

    In June, FINRA announced that it fined Morgan Stanley Smith Barney, LLC (Morgan Stanley) $650,000 for failing to implement reasonable supervisory systems to monitor the transmittal of customer funds to third-party accounts. [117]

    2016[edit]

    February 2016, Morgan Stanley will pay $3.2 billion to settle with state and federal authorities over Morgan Stanley's creation of mortgage-backed bonds before the financial crisis.[118]

    August 2016, Morgan Stanley Hong Kong Securities Ltd. was fined HK$18.5 million ($2.4 million) by Hong Kong's securities regulator, Securities and Futures Commission, for violations of Hong Kong's Code of Conduct. Included was Morgan Stanley's failure to avoid a conflict of interest between principal and agency trading.[119]

    December 2016, another unit of Morgan Stanley paid $7.5 million to settle customer protection rule violations.[120]

    2017[edit]

    In January 2017, the corporation was fined $13 million due to overbilling and violating investor asset safeguarding custody rules. Morgan Stanley agreed to pay the fine without commenting on the charges.[120]

    2018[edit]

    Douglas E. Greenberg, a broker, was fired in 2018 after it was reported that four women from Lake Oswego, Oregon, had sought police protection against him over a 15-year period on allegations of harassment, threats, and assault.[121][122][123][124] According to the report, Morgan Stanley executives were aware of the allegations, and knew of at least two arrests and a federal subpoena against him, but did not take any action.[121][125] The story was called a #MeToo moment for Portland's financial service industry.[123] He managed tens of millions of dollars, and had made the 2018 Forbes list for top wealth advisors in Oregon.[121][126]

    In December 2018, FINRA announced a $10 million fine against Morgan Stanley for failures in its anti-money laundering compliance. Morgan Stanley violated the Bank Secrecy Act over a period of five hdfc netbanking new login register April 2019, Morgan Stanley agreed to pay $150 million to settle charges that it had misled two large California public pension funds about the risks of mortgage-backed securities.[128] California Attorney General Xavier Becerra commented: "Morgan Stanley lied about the risk of its products tioga state bank newfield put profits over teachers and public employees who relied on its advice." Morgan Stanley denied wrongdoing.[129]

    In November 2019, Morgan Stanley fired or placed on leave four traders for suspected securities mismarking. The firm suspected that $100–140 million in losses were concealed by the mismarking of the value of the securities.[130]

    Morgan Stanley also paid $382,500 for failure to supervise a broker's trading activity over a four-year period.[131] The firm paid $225,000 for transactions where customers sold one municipal bond while purchasing another municipal bond that was nearly identical to the bond sold or provided no apparent economic benefit to the customer. These transactions generated $340,000 in commissions and fees for Morgan Stanley.[132]

    Morgan Stanley paid a $1.5 million fine to settle SEC claims that it put client money into more expensive mutual fund share classes when cheaper options were available despite representations to clients that it used tools to find the least costly option.[133]

    2020s[edit]

    2020[edit]

    In May 2020, Morgan Stanley agreed to pay a $5 million penalty to settle allegations made by the SEC that the corporation provided misleading information to some clients in the retail wrap fee programs regarding trade-execution services and transaction costs.[134]

    List of officers and directors[edit]

    Operating committee[135][edit]

    • James P. Gorman: Chairman and Chief Executive Officer
    • Jeff Brodsky: Vice Chairman
    • Mandell Crawley: Chief Human Resources Officer
    • Mark Eichorn: Global Co-Head of Investment Banking
    • Jed Finn: Chief Operating Officer of Wealth Management
    • Carol Greene-Vincent: Chief Audit Officer
    • Eric Grossman: Chief Legal Officer
    • Keishi Hotsuki: Chief Risk Officer
    • Susan Huang: Global Co-Head of Investment Banking
    • Sam Kellie-Smith: Global Head of Fixed Income
    • Shelley O'Connor: Vice Chairman and Head of External Affairs
    • Franck Petitgas: Head of International
    • Ted Pick: Co-President, Global Head of Institutional Securities
    • Michael A. Pizzi: Head of U.S. Banks
    • Jonathan Pruzan: Chief Operating Officer
    • Robert Rooney: Global Head of Technology, Operations, and Firm Resilience
    • Andy Saperstein: Co-President, Head of Wealth Management
    • Dan Simkowitz: Head of Investment Management
    • Clare Woodman: Head of Europe, the Middle East, and Africa
    • Sharon Yeshaya: Chief Financial Officer

    Board of directors[136][edit]

    List of former chief executives[137][edit]

    1. Richard B. Fisher (1991–1997)
    2. Phil Purcell (1997–2005)
    3. John Mack (2005–2009)

    Global and other headquarters[edit]

    The Morgan Stanley world headquarters are located in New York City, the European headquarters are in London, Asia Pacific headquarters are in both Hong Kong and Tokyo, Canada headquarters in Toronto. [138][139]

    Notable alumni[edit]

    • Dan Ammann, Chief Executive Officer, Cruise Automation[140]
    • Barton Biggs, author and hedge fund manager
    • Erskine Bowles, Clinton White House Chief of Staff
    • Richard A. Debs, Chairman of Carnegie Hall; Middle East power-broker
    • Bob Diamond, former Chief Executive Officer, Barclays
    • Egon Durban, Co-CEO, Silver Lake Partners
    • Henry A. Fernandez, CEO, MSCI, Inc.
    • Richard B. Fisher, Chairman of the Board, Rockefeller University and Bard College; member, Trilateral Commission
    • Ben Fried, Chief Information Officer, Google[141]
    • Eric Gleacher, Founder of Gleacher & Co.
    • Nina Godiwalla, author of Suits: A Woman on Wall Street
    • David Grimaldi, Chief Administrative Officer, New Castle County Government
    • John Havens, former President, Citigroup, Inc.
    • Nigel MacEwan, former Chief Executive Officer, Kleinwort Benson North America; former President, Merrill Lynch
    • John J. Mack, Chairman of the Board of New York-Presbyterian Hospital
    • Mary Meeker, Kleiner Perkins partner and founder, Bond Capital
    • Mitchell M. Merin, financial executive
    • Eileen Murray, Co-President, Bridgewater Associates
    • Dr. Ann Olivarius, Chair, McAllister Olivarius, trans-Atlantic employment and discrimination lawyer
    • Stephen A. Oxman, Assistant Secretary of State; Chair, Princeton University Board of Trustees
    • Vikram Pandit, former Chief Executive Officer, Citigroup
    • Joseph R. Perella, philanthropist; Founder of Perella Weinberg Partners
    • Charles E. Phillips, former President of Oracle, Inc.; C.E.O. of Infor
    • Ruth Porat, Chief Financial Officer; Alphabet Inc.
    • Frank Quattrone, Founder, Qatalyst Group
    • Steven Rattner, private equity manager and commentator
    • Stephen S. Roach, Yale University professor
    • Benjamin M. Rosen, Co-founder, Compaq Computer; Chairman, California Institute of Technology
    • David E. Shaw, hedge fund manager
    • Chip Skowron, hedge fund portfolio manager convicted of insider trading
    • Bjarne Stroustrup, developer of the C++ programming language [142]
    • John J. Studzinski, CBE, American-British investment banker and philanthropist
    • Andrew Toy, President and Chief Technology Officer, Clover Health, Divide co-founder [143][144]
    • Alexander Trewby, Divide co-founder[144]
    • Sir David Walker, Chairman, Barclays PLC
    • Kevin Warsh, G.W. Bush economic advisor; Member, Federal Reserve Board of Governors

    See also[edit]

    Notes[edit]

    1. ^Morgan Stanley 2020 Proxy statement
    2. ^ abc"Morgan Stanley 2019 Form 10-K Annual Report".
    3. ^"Basel III Pillar 3 Disclosures Report For the Quarterly Period Ended December 31, 2019"(PDF).
    4. ^"Fortune 500 Companies 2018: Who Made the List". Fortune. Retrieved November 10, 2018.
    5. ^ ab"Morgan Stanley Interactive Timeline". www.morganstanley.com. Archived from the original on March 23, 2016. Retrieved May 14, 2018.
    6. ^"Morgan Stanley Chairman and CEO Philip J. Purcell Announces Plans to Retire". Morgan Stanley. Retrieved May 14, 2018.
    7. ^"SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549 FORM 10-K (Morgan Stanley, Dean Witter, Discover & Co.)"(PDF). Morgan Stanley.
    8. ^"History of Morgan Stanley Dean Witter & Company – FundingUniverse". www.fundinguniverse.com. Retrieved May 14, 2018.
    9. ^ abcMcGeehan, Patrick (2001). "THE MARKETS: Market Place; Morgan Stanley decides to drop the Dean Witter name". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved May 14, 2018.
    10. ^ ab"MORGAN STANLEY'S NEW BRAND UNVEILS TUESDAY". Retrieved May 14, 2018.
    11. ^Wile, Rob. "DUELS, BOMBINGS AND APPLE: The Incredible Story Behind The Creation Of JPMorgan Chase". Business Insider. Retrieved April 27, 2020.
    12. ^ abBazoobandi, Sara (2013). The Political Economy of the Gulf Sovereign Wealth Funds: A Case Study of Iran, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates. Routledge. ISBN .
    13. ^Knee, Jonathan A. (August 15, 2006). The Accidental Investment Banker: Inside the Decade that Transformed Wall Street. Oxford University Press. ISBN .
    14. ^Committee, United States Congress House Temporary National Economic (1939). Investigation of Concentration of Economic Power: Hearings Before the Temporary National Economic Committee . U.S. Government Printing Office.
    15. ^Saxon, Wolfgang (July 18, 1992). "Perry E. Hall, Founding Partner Of Morgan Stanley, Is Dead at 96". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved April 27, 2020.
    16. ^"World Bank Back in U.S. Debt Market". The New York Times. December 10, 1975. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved April 27, 2020.
    17. ^"Alumni Awards 2001 - Dick Fisher". HBS.edu. July 2, 2001. Retrieved September 3, 2014.
    18. ^Pak, Susie J. (June 1, 2013). Gentlemen Bankers. Harvard University Press. ISBN .
    19. ^Bleakley, Fred R. (June 17, 1985). "Goldman's Rise in Real Estate". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved April 27, 2020.
    20. ^Chernow, Ron (January 19, 2010). The House of Morgan: An American Banking Dynasty and the Rise of Modern Finance. Grove/Atlantic, Inc. ISBN .
    21. ^Tribune, Chicago. "VAN KAMPEN NEARING SALE TO MORGAN STANLEY". chicagotribune.com. Retrieved April 27, 2020.
    22. ^Truell, Peter (February 6, 1997). "Morgan Stanley and Dean Witter Agree to Merge". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved April 27, 2020.
    23. ^"Dean Witter to Buy Morgan Stanley in $10-Billion Deal". Los Angeles Times. February 6, 1997. Retrieved April 27, 2020.
    24. ^Newswires, Cheryl Winokur MunkDow Jones (January 30, 2001). "Morgan Stanley to Eliminate Dean Witter From Its Name". The Wall Street Journal. ISSN 0099-9660. Retrieved April 27, 2020.
    25. ^John, Satish; Nambisan, Raj (February 22, 2007). "U-turn: Finally, Nimesh Kampani sells out to Morgan Stanley". DNA India. Retrieved August 7, 2021.
    26. ^"Morgan Stanley Case Study"(PDF). FEMA. Retrieved April 27, 2020.
    27. ^Stewart, James B. (February 4, 2002). "The Real Heroes Are Dead". The New Yorker. Retrieved April 27, 2020.
    28. ^"Train named after Cornish 9/11 hero". BBC News. April 13, 2019. Retrieved April 27, 2020.
    29. ^"Surviving 9/11 gave former NHLer Rob Cimetta a new outlook on life". Archived from the original on October 28, 2009. Retrieved September 11, 2009.
    30. ^"Morgan Stanley 2005 Charitable Annual Report"(PDF). Archived from the original(PDF) on March 9, 2007. Retrieved May 5, 2007.
    31. ^"At Children's Hospitals, Friendly Designs". The New York Times. November 17, 2002.
    32. ^"NewYork-Presbyterian Morgan Stanley Children's Hospital

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